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Qualification: DIPLOMA OF FIRST LEVEL PROFESSIONAL HIGHER EDUCATION with professional qualification: Dental Hygienist

DIPLOMA OF FIRST LEVEL PROFESSIONAL HIGHER EDUCATION with professional qualification: Dental Hygienist

Qualification Information

Learning outcomes are formulated in accordance with the relevant occupational standard and the strategic objectives of educational programmes outlined in the state standard of first level professional higher education. For more information, see the Cabinet of Ministers Regulations No. 141 “Regulations on the state standard of first level professional higher education” (adopted on 20.03.2001):  Read standard. Occupational standards:  Occupational standards register



Competences:

1. Basic understanding of the following in order to be able to perform professional tasks:
1.1. general microbiology, virology and immunology;
1.2. embryology;
1.3. pathological anatomy;
1.4. pathological physiology;
1.5. economics and business;
1.6. pedagogy.
2. Advanced understanding of the following in order to be able to perform professional tasks:
2.1. human anatomy;
2.2. dental anatomy;
2.3. normal physiology;
2.4. functional histology;
2.5. oral microbiology;
2.6. oral morphology;
2.7. oral pathology;
2.8. emergency medicine;
2.9. special pharmacology;
2.10. infectious diseases;
2.11. public health and epidemiology;
2.12. medical ethics;
2.13. environmental and occupational health;
2.14. health promotion and education;
2.15. psychosomatic medicine and fundamentals of psychotherapy;
2.16. materials science in dentistry;
2.17. endodontics;
2.18. dental prosthetics;
2.19. orthodontics;
2.20. oral and maxillofacial surgery;
2.21. children’s therapeutic dentistry;
2.22. professional terms in the official language and at least two foreign languages.
3. Thorough knowledge of the following in order to be able to perform professional tasks:
3.1. dental disease prevention;
3.2. nutritional education (in relation to oral health);
3.3. preclinical periodontology;
3.4. clinical periodontology;
3.5. public health and dental care;
3.6. oral health promotion and education;
3.7. dental radiology;
3.8. communication with the patient in dentistry;
3.9. gerodentistry (preventive aspects);
3.10. ergonomics in dentistry;
3.11. research work in dentistry;
3.12. laws and regulations on professional ethics and professional conduct;
3.13. information technologies;
3.14. ability to communicate in two foreign languages;
3.15. official language;
3.16. employment relationship;
3.17. occupational health and safety;
3.18. environmental protection.



Skills:

1. To obtain and comprehensively document patient's anamnesis, focusing on unhealthy habits.
2. To determine oral health condition - intensity of caries, condition of tissue surrounding the teeth (periodontal) and mucous, occlusion, facial symmetry - and inform the dentist of the results of the examination.
3. To evaluate the state of caries, non-caries diseases, oral hygiene and the tissue surrounding the teeth (periodontal) using a variety of indices.
4. To recognize oral mucosal diseases, pathological changes and consult a dentist or oral pathology specialists for diagnosis.
5. To perform a variety of diagnostic tests (cardiogram, periogram, saliva tests).
6. To perform dental X-rays, develop, document and prepare the images for issue.
7. To draw up, carry out and evaluate oral disease prevention and clinical (periodontal) treatment plan in collaboration with the dentist or specialist (periodontist); in case of patient's chronic illness consult with a family doctor or other specialists.
8. To apply diagnostic dye to detect dental plaque and inform patients about oral hygiene status.
9. To carry out polishing of dental crowns and fillings, remove overhanging margins.
10. To remove soft and hard tooth plaque above and below gum line with special instruments (no deeper than 6 mm).
11. To carry put polishing of a tooth root (no deeper than 6 mm).
12. To insert medications prescribed by the dentist in the gum grooves and pockets.
13. To apply surface anesthetics to the patient's oral mucosa and carry out the necessary clinical procedures following a local mouth anesthetic.
14. To demonstrate to the patient and train the patient to apply the most appropriate brushing and flossing techniques.
15. To carry out patient’s nutrition analysis, caries and non-caries dental disease risk assessment.
16. To apply topical fluoride and tooth sensitivity-reducing medications.
17. According to the dentist's instructions to apply dental sealants on the biting surfaces of the patient's teeth.
18. To carry out teeth whitening procedures; impose and remove periodontal bandages, remove oral stitches.
19. To provide preventive measure for patients with reduced salivary secretion in the mouth (xerostomia) and unpleasant breath (halitosis).
20. To apply specific hygiene methods for a patient with dental implants, orthodontic hardware and dentures.
21. To take teeth impressions for dental protective caps, night caps or individual dental spoons.
22. To apply polymerization lamp for light hardening dental materials and sealants.
23. To collaborate with dentists and other dental professionals during therapeutic manipulations.
24. To carry out infection control measures in the dental office.
25. To provide emergency medical assistance in critical situations in dental practice.
26. To fill and analyze different types of dental records.
27. To organize patient visits within the framework of the regular visits system, use computer for information storage and processing.
28. To collaborate with patients and their families.
29. To adhere to confidentiality with respect to professional issues.
30. To act in accordance with ethical standards with regard to patients and colleagues.
31. To educate the public on oral disease prevention, promote oral and overall health.
32. To educate patients about etiology of oral diseases, diagnosis and treatment options, emphasizing the importance of preventive measures and the patient's individual responsibility with respect to oral health issues.
33. To take part (together with a dentist) in planning, organization and implementation of educational and prevention programs for different age groups and identify risk groups.
34. To evaluate the effectiveness of oral health educational and prevention programs aimed at different age groups of the population and patients with special needs.
35. To work in the public health sector in collaboration with other primary health and social care professionals.
36. To treat all patients with care, tolerance and empathy regardless of age, gender, religious affiliation and other criteria.
37. To comply with occupational health and safety, fire safety and environmental protection rules.
38. To participate in the work of a dental team.
39. To respect the patient's individual needs in preventive and therapeutic dentistry.
40. To participate in the preparation and implementation of professional development programs.
41. To integrate scientific advances in dental care work.
42. To comply with employment laws and regulations.
43. To be able to communicate fluently in the official language.
44. To be able to communicate in two foreign languages.
45. To use professional terminology in the official language and at least two foreign languages.
46. To be responsible for the results of his/her professional performance.



Knowledge:

1. To obtain and comprehensively document patient's anamnesis, focusing on unhealthy habits.
2. To determine oral health condition - intensity of caries, condition of tissue surrounding the teeth (periodontal) and mucous, occlusion, facial symmetry - and inform the dentist of the results of the examination.
3. To evaluate the state of caries, non-caries diseases, oral hygiene and the tissue surrounding the teeth (periodontal) using a variety of indices.
4. To recognize oral mucosal diseases, pathological changes and consult a dentist or oral pathology specialists for diagnosis.
5. To perform a variety of diagnostic tests (cardiogram, periogram, saliva tests).
6. To perform dental X-rays, develop, document and prepare the images for issue.
7. To draw up, carry out and evaluate oral disease prevention and clinical (periodontal) treatment plan in collaboration with the dentist or specialist (periodontist); in case of patient's chronic illness consult with a family doctor or other specialists.
8. To apply diagnostic dye to detect dental plaque and inform patients about oral hygiene status.
9. To carry out polishing of dental crowns and fillings, remove overhanging margins.
10. To remove soft and hard tooth plaque above and below gum line with special instruments (no deeper than 6 mm).
11. To carry put polishing of a tooth root (no deeper than 6 mm).
12. To insert medications prescribed by the dentist in the gum grooves and pockets.
13. To apply surface anesthetics to the patient's oral mucosa and carry out the necessary clinical procedures following a local mouth anesthetic.
14. To demonstrate to the patient and train the patient to apply the most appropriate brushing and flossing techniques.
15. To carry out patient’s nutrition analysis, caries and non-caries dental disease risk assessment.
16. To apply topical fluoride and tooth sensitivity-reducing

Reference Data

EQF Level:
Thematic area:
Information Language:
Location:
NQF Level: 
5
Awarding body: 

- Rīga Stradiņš University

Awarding body contact info: 

DZIRCIEMA IELA 16, RĪGA, LV-1007
Tālr.: 67409230
Fakss: 67471815
E-pasts: RSU@rsu.lv

Source of information: 
National occupation classification: 

ISCO-08

Relationship type: 

Dental hygienist (3251 02)

Access requirements: 

Certificate of general secondary education or Diploma of vocational secondary education

Ways to acquire: 

Formal (through education programmes)