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Find and Compare Qualifications Frameworks

Find and Compare Qualifications Frameworks

Compare the results of the national referencing process by choosing the national flag. Up to 5 examples of qualifications are provided for each NQF level. National systems may include many other qualifications at those levels.

  • Knowledge at the most advanced frontier of a field of work or study and at the interface between fields
  • The most advanced and specialised skills and techniques, including synthesis and evaluation, required to solve critical problems in research and/or innovation and to extend and redefine existing knowledge or professional practice
  • Demonstrate substantial authority, innovation, autonomy, scholarly and professional integrity and sustained commitment to the development of new ideas or processes at the forefront of work or study contexts including research
  • Highly specialised knowledge, some of which is at the forefront of knowledge in a field of work or study, as the basis for original thinking and/or research; critical awareness of knowledge issues in a field and at the interface between different fields
  • Specialised problem-solving skills required in research and/or innovation in order to develop new knowledge and procedures and to integrate knowledge from different fields
  • Manage and transform work or study contexts that are complex, unpredictable and require new strategic approaches; take responsibility for contributing to professional knowledge and practice and/or for reviewing the strategic performance of teams
  • Advanced knowledge of a field of work or study, involving a critical understanding of theories and principles
  • Advanced skills, demonstrating mastery and innovation, required to solve complex and unpredictable problems in a specialised field of work or study
  • Manage complex technical or professional activities or projects, taking responsibility for decision making in unpredictable work or study contexts; take responsibility for managing professional development of individuals and groups
  • Comprehensive, specialised, factual and theoretical knowledge within a field of work or study and an awareness of the boundaries of that knowledge
  • A comprehensive range of cognitive and practical skills required to develop creative solutions to abstract problems
  • Exercise management and supervision in contexts of work or study activities where there is unpredictable change review and develop performance of self and others
  • Factual and theoretical knowledge in broad contexts within a field of work or study
  • A range of cognitive and practical skills required to generate solutions to specific problems in a field of work or study
  • Exercise self-management within the guidelines of work or study contexts that are usually predictable, but are subject to change; supervise the routine work of others, taking some responsibility for the evaluation and improvement of work or study activities
  • Knowledge of facts, principles, processes and general concepts, in a field of work or study
  • A range of cognitive and practical skills required to accomplish tasks and solve problems by selecting and applying basic methods, tools, materials and information
  • Take responsibility for completion of tasks in work or study; adapt own behaviour to circumstances in solving problems
  • Basic factual knowledge of a field of work or study
  • Basic cognitive and practical skills required to use relevant information in order to carry out tasks and to solve routine problems using simple rules and tools
  • Work or study under supervision with some autonomy
  • Basic general knowledge
  • Basic skills required to carry out simple tasks
  • Work or study under direct supervision in a structured context
Latvia
Country
Latvian NCP

Academic Information Centre - National Coordination Point for refencing NQF to EQF; Latvian representative in the European diploma recognition networks ENIC and NARIC, information point for recognition of professional qualifications in regulated professions; representative in Cedefop's vocational education information network ReferNet; and National Europass Centre.

NQF/NQS NCP: Latvian NCP
Information
Referencing Report
LQF level 8

Knowledge:

  • Able to demonstrate that has knowledge of and understands most topical scientific theories and insights, has mastered research methodology and contemporary research methods in the specific field of science or profession and in the interface of various fields.

Skills:

  • Able to independently assess and select appropriate methods required for scientific research or artistic innovation, has contributed to the expansion of the limits of knowledge or provided new understanding of existing knowledge and its use in practice, by carrying out work of artistic innovation in the field of artistic innovation or an original largescale research, a part of which is at the level of internationally cited publications.
  • Able to communicate both orally and in writing about one’s own field of scientific activity (one’s own branch) with wider research community and public in general.
  • Able to implement artistic innovation projects of international level.
  • Able to independently improve one’s scientific qualification, implement scientific projects, by attaining achievements meeting international criteria of the relevant field of science, manage research or development tasks in companies, institutions, and organisations that require extensive research knowledge and skills.
  • Able to independently improve the skills of performing artistically highly valuable works and develop practical skills required for implementing unique ideas of international level and artistic innovation work.

Competence:

  • Able, by performing independent critical analysis, synthesis and assessment, to carry out significant research, innovation or artistic innovation tasks in the field of artistic innovation, set independently research idea, plan, structure and manage large-scale scientific or artistic innovation projects, including international projects.

This level includes the following qualification

Doctor’s diploma and professional Doctor’s diploma in arts

  • Doctor’s diploma
    Doctor's diploma is awarded to the students that have obtained Doctor's scientific degree according to the procedure and criteria stated in the legal regulations.To obtain a Doctor's degree, students have to pass successfully the examinations in the chosen field of research and elaborate doctoral thesis under the guidance of an experienced research advisor and publicly defend the thesis that contains the results of original research and new insights in the respective branch of science.The doctoral thesis may be elaborated within the period of 3-4 years (i.e., 120-160 Latvian credit points (180-240 ECTS) within the framework of doctoral studies in a higher education institution or after carrying out an appropriate amount of independent research.The doctoral thesis can be a dissertation, a set of anonymously reviewed thematically united publications or a monograph. The pre-condition for enrolment in a doctoral programme is a master level degree.
  • Professional Doctor’s diploma in arts
    Doctor's diploma is awarded to the students that graduated accredited academic professional doctoral study programme in arts. To obtain a Professional Doctor's degree in arts, students have to successfully pass all the examinations requirements set out by the relevant state education standard.The length of full-time studies is at least 3 years, i.e., at least 132 Latvian credit points (198 ECTS).
EQF Level 8
LQF level 7

Knowledge:

  • Able to demonstrate advanced or extensive knowledge and understanding, a part of which conforms to the most recent findings in the relevant field of science or profession and which provides the basis for creative thinking or research, inter alia, working in the interface between different fields.

Skills:

  • Able to independently use theory, methods and problem-solving skills required to perform research or artistic activities or highly qualified professional functions.
  • Able to provide arguments when explaining and discussing complex or systemic aspects of the relevant field of science or profession both with professionals and non-professionals.
  • Able to manage independently the improvement of one’s own competences and specialisation, assume responsibility for the results of staff and group work and analyse them, perform business activities, innovations in the specific field of science or profession, perform work, research or further learning under complex and unpredictable conditions and, if necessary, change them, using new approaches.

Competence:

  • Able to define independently and critically analyse complex scientific and professional problems, substantiate decisions and, if necessary, carry out additional analysis.
  • Able to integrate knowledge of various fields, contribute to the creation of new knowledge, the development of research or professional working methods, demonstrate understanding and ethical responsibility for the possible impact of the scientific results or professional activity on environment and society.

This level includes the following qualifications

  1. Master’s diploma;
  2. Professional Master’s diploma;
  3. Diploma of professional higher education, diploma of higher professional qualification (total length of full-time studies – at least 5 years)
  • Master’s diploma
    Master's diploma is issued to the students that graduated from an accredited academic master's study programme.The length of full-time studies is 2 years, i.e., 80 Latvian credit points (120 ECTS). The content of programmes is elaborated according to the relevant state education standard. The graduates have right to enrol in doctoral studies.The aim of study programme is to prepare for independent research activities and to provide theoretical basis for professional activities.Total duration of full-time bachelor and master studies is at least 5 years.Academic master's study programmes represent various educational thematic fields, e.g., natural sciences, mathematics and information technologies; the humanities and arts; engineering science, production and construction; health care and social welfare etc.
  • Professional Master’s diploma
    Professional Master's diploma is issued to the students that graduated from an accredited professional master's study programme.The length of full-time studies is at least 1 year, i.e., at least 40 Latvian credit points (60 ECTS).The content of programmes is elaborated according to the relevant state education standard and, if available, relevant occupational standard. The graduates have right to enrol in doctoral studies.The aim of study programme is to ensure the acquisition of in-depth knowledge, skills and competences in a particular field, ensuring the graduates'' ability to develop or improve systems, products and technologies and to prepare the graduates for creative, research and teaching work in this field. Total duration of full-time bachelor and master studies is at least 5 years.Professional master's study programmes represent various educational thematic fields, e.g., natural sciences, mathematics and information technologies; the humanities and arts; engineering science, production and construction; health care and social welfare etc.
  • Diploma of professional higher education, diploma of higher professional qualification (length of full-time studies – at least 5 years)

    Diploma of professional higher education or diploma of higher professional qualification is issued to the students that graduated from an accredited professional higher education programme if the length of full-time studies is at least 5 years.

    The content of programmes is elaborated according to the relevant state education standard and, if available, relevant occupational standard.

    These programmes are in the volume of at least 40 Latvian credit points (60 ECTS) after the acquisition of a Bachelor's or Master's degree.

    Programme ensures the acquisition of in-depth knowledge, skills and competences in a particular field, ensuring the graduates'' ability to develop or improve systems, products and technologies and to prepare the graduates for creative, research and teaching work in this field.

EQF Level 7
LQF level 6

Knowledge:

  • Able to demonstrate basic and specialised knowledge in the specific field of science or profession and critical understanding of this knowledge, furthermore, a part of this knowledge complies with the highest level of achievement of the relevant field of science or profession.
  • Able to demonstrate understanding of the most important concepts and causalities of the specific field of science or profession.

Skills:

  • Able, by using the mastered theoretical foundations and skills, to perform professional, artistic, innovative or research activity, define and describe analytically information, problems and solutions in the relevant field of science or profession, explain them and provide arguments in discussions with both professionals and non-professionals.
  • Is able to structure independently one’s own learning, guide one’s own and subordinates’ further learning and professional improvement, demonstrate scientific approach to problem solving, assume responsibility and take initiative when performing individual work, when working in a team or managing the work of others, take decisions and find creative solutions in changing or unclear contexts.

Competence:

  • Able to obtain, select and analyse information independently, and use it, take decisions and solve problems in the specific field of science or profession, demonstrate understanding of professional ethics, assess the impact of one’s professional activities on the environment and society, and participate in the development of the relevant professional field.

This level includes the following qualifications:

  1. Bachelor’s diploma;
  2. Professional Bachelor’s diploma
  3. Diploma of professional higher education, diploma of higher professional qualification (length of full-time studies – at least 4 years)
  • Bachelor’s diploma
    Bachelor's diploma is issued to the students that graduated from an accredited academic bachelor's study programme.The length of full-time studies is 3-4 years, i.e., 120-160 Latvian credit points (180-240 ECTS).The content of programmes is elaborated according to the relevant state education standard.The aim of bachelor academic study programme is to prepare for independent research activities and to provide theoretical basis for professional activities.Academic bachelor's study programmes represent various educational thematic fields, e.g., natural sciences, mathematics and information technologies; the humanities and arts; engineering science, production and construction; health care and social welfare etc.
  • Professional Bachelor’s diploma: Forestry engineer
    Professional Bachelor's diploma is issued to the students that graduated from an accredited professional bachelor's study programme.The length of full-time studies is at least 4 years, i.e., at least 160 Latvian credit points (240 ECTS).The content of programmes is elaborated according to the relevant state education standard and, if available, relevant occupational standard.Programme ensures the acquisition of relevant professional competences in a particular field, and develops abilities to plan and perform research and scientific work in the field. For example, forestry engineer plans technological process of forestry enterprises and makes decision about the execution of these processes; elaborates business plans and budget estimates; deals with financial and accountancy issues; ensures producing conditions according to work protection requirements; organizes hunting house; has an understanding of business, economics, accountancy and basic law, makes economic analysis; ensures the application of responsibility for violation of forestry legal regulations; conducts scientific research and teaching work in the forestry field.
  • Diploma of professional higher education, diploma of higher professional qualification (length of full-time studies – at least 4 years): Economist

    Diploma of professional higher education or diploma of higher professional qualification is issued to the students that graduated from an accredited professional higher education programme if the length of full-time studies is at least 4 years.

    The content of programmes is elaborated according to the relevant state education standard and, if available, relevant occupational standard.

    These programmes are in the volume of at least 40 Latvian credit points (60 ECTS) after the acquisition of a Bachelor's degree or at least 160 Latvian credit points (240 ECTS) after the acquisition of secondary education. If study programme comprises 160 Latvian credit points (240 ECTS) and the compulsory part of a bachelor's programme, the graduates obtain access to master studies.

    Programme ensures the acquisition of relevant highest specialist qualification, which provides for practical performance, as well as abilities to plan and perform scientific research work.

    For example, economist analyses various economic processes both at the level of enterprise and economy, i.e., analyses employment, work productivity and payment, processes of acquiring production income and expenses, money returns, financial flows, and explores factors that influence these processes; plans operation of enterprise to increase the effectiveness of its results; searches for solutions that help in averting risks; works out budget and monitors its implementation; develops monitoring system of result effectiveness and controls the compliance of legal requirements for processes determined by legal regulations; organizes and manages planning and analytic work; informs and consults about issues related to sustainable development and economic activity planning; as well as independently plans and conducts scientific research in economic field and develops recommendations for implementing its results.

EQF Level 6
LQF level 5

Knowledge:

  • Able to demonstrate comprehensive and specialised knowledge and understanding of facts, theories, causalities and technologies of the relevant professional field.

Skills:

  • Able, on the basis of analytical approach, to perform practical tasks in the relevant profession, to demonstrate skills that allow to find creative solutions to professional problems, to discuss and provide arguments to practical issues and solutions in the relevant profession with colleagues, clients, and management, able to, with an appropriate degree of independence, to engage in further learning, by improving one’s competences.
  • Able to assess and improve one’s own actions and that of other individuals, to work in cooperation with others, to plan and organize work to perform specific tasks in the relevant profession, to perform or supervise work activities in contexts with unpredictable changes.

Competence:

  • Able to define, describe and analyse practical problems in their profession, select the necessary information and use it for solving clearly defined problems, participate in the development of the relevant professional field, demonstrate understanding of the role of the relevant profession in a broader social context.

This level includes the following qualifications

Diploma of first level professional higher education (college education, length of fulltime studies – 2 to 3 years)

  • Diploma of first level professional higher education (college education, length of fulltime studies – 2 to 3 years): Wood processing technologist
    Diploma of first level professional higher education is issued to the students that graduated from 1st level professional higher (college) education programme, the length of full-time studies is 2-3 years, i.e., 80-120 Latvian credit points (120-180 ECTS).The programmes are elaborated according to the state first level professional higher education standard (and relevant occupational standard).The major aim is to ensure the acquisition of a profession, but the graduates may continue studies in the second level professional higher education programmes.The obtained professional qualification allows the graduates to perform complicated tasks of an executor, as well as to organise and manage other specialists in their work. For example, wood processing technologist performs technical tasks related to increasing effectiveness of production and work organization improvement in the field of mechanical processing of wood, to designing projects of and manufacturing wooden products, as well as to using, maintaining and repairing equipment and mechanic tools; performs calculations of materials and workloads; implements environment protection requirements; manages subordinated workers; has knowledge of legal regulations about business, economics and accountancy, as well as of environmental protection requirements for lumber-mills and wood processing equipment, work protection requirements, requirements for the means of individual protection, law basics; participates in elaboration of business plans and budget estimates; and makes economic analysis.
EQF Level 5
LQF level 4

Knowledge:

  • Able to demonstrate comprehensive knowledge of facts, theories, and causalities which are necessary for personal growth and development, civic participation, social integration and continuing learning.
  • Able to comprehend in detail and to demonstrate knowledge of diverse specific facts, principles, processes, and concepts in a specific field of learning or professional activity in standard and non-standard situations.
  • Has good knowledge of technologies and methods for performing work tasks in the profession.

Skills: 

  • Able to plan and organize work, using various methods, technologies (including information and communication technologies), equipment, tools and materials for performing tasks.
  • Able to find, assess and creatively use information for performing learning or work tasks and problem solving.
  • Able to communicate in at least two languages in writing and orally both in a known and unknown context.
  • Able to work independently in the profession, to learn and improve oneself.
  • Able to cooperate.

Competences: 

  • Is motivated for further career development, further learning and lifelong learning in a knowledge-oriented democratic, multi-lingual, and multi-cultural society in Europe and in the world.
  • Able to plan and perform learning or work tasks in the profession individually, in a team or by managing the teamwork.
  • Able to assume responsibility for the quality and quantity of the learning or work outcomes.

This level includes the following qualifications:

  1. Certificate of general secondary education
  2. Diploma of vocational secondary education
  3. Certificate of professional qualification (at secondary education level)
  • Certificate of general secondary education
    Certificate of general secondary education is issued to the students that have graduated general secondary education programme. The length of programme is 3 years and the mandatory content of general secondary education is defined by the state general secondary education standard and standards for general secondary education study subjects.There are 4 thematic directions of general secondary education:the general education direction;the humanities and social direction;the mathematics, natural sciences and technology direction; andthe vocational direction.General secondary education provides the necessary knowledge, to develop the student's abilities and skills in the chosen direction of general secondary education; creates an understanding of the processes taking place in the society and the wish to participate in the sustainable development of society in a co-responsible way; promotes the development of creative and intellectual abilities; improves the skills of using modern information and communication technologies; and promotes the student's competitiveness in acquiring further education.The education documents certifying general secondary education ensures right to continue education in higher education programmes.
  • Diploma of vocational secondary education : Furniture carpenter
    Diploma of vocational secondary education is issued to the students that have graduated a vocational secondary education programme.The length of programme is 4 years after completed basic education, 2 years after vocational education (arodizglītība) and 1.5-3 years after general secondary education.The content of vocational secondary education is defined by the state vocational secondary education standard and relevant occupational standard. General education subjects are integrated into vocational secondary education programmes (in 4-year programme) that allow the graduates to enrol in higher education. The obtained professional qualification allows the graduates to perform executor's/worker's duties, which include planning and organization of the work to be done; after acquiring practical work experience, the graduate is able to assume responsibility for the allocation of resources and the work of other executors.The education documents certifying vocational secondary education (4-year programme) ensures right to continue education in higher education programmes.For example, furniture carpenter is a wood processing specialist, who makes, assembles and installs on site furniture of various kinds and constructions, including, solid wood and wooden board and upholstered furniture, as well performs repairs and restoration of furniture; plans and organizes the performance of working tasks independently, complies with the technological requirements in production, the sequence of operations, ensures the operability of equipment, technological lines and tools, abides by the requirements of labour and environment protection; when necessary, cooperates with the client – takes in orders, provides advice, elaborates a sketch, prepares a cost estimate and delivers the product to the client.
  • Certificate of professional qualification (at secondary education level): Furniture carpenter

    Certificate of professional qualification is issued to the students that have graduated a vocational education programme. The length of programme is at least 640 – 960 hours after completed secondary education. The content of vocational education is defined by the state vocational education standard and relevant occupational standard. The obtained professional qualification allows the graduates to perform independently qualified executor's/worker's work, to assume responsibility for a work performed according to instructions, to work in a team.

    For example, furniture carpenter is a wood processing specialist, who makes, assembles and installs on site furniture of various kinds and constructions, including, solid wood and wooden board and upholstered furniture, as well performs repairs and restoration of furniture; plans and organizes the performance of working tasks independently, complies with the technological requirements in production, the sequence of operations, ensures the operability of equipment, technological lines and tools, abides by the requirements of labour and environment protection; when necessary, cooperates with the client – takes in orders, provides advice, elaborates a sketch, prepares a cost estimate and delivers the product to the client.

EQF Level 4
LQF level 3

Knowledge:

  • Able to demonstrate the knowledge of facts, principles, processes and general concepts and to use them in the field of learning and professional activities.
  • Able to understand various types of information about materials, equipment, technologies in the relevant field of learning or specific profession.

Skills:

  • Able to use a various cognitive and practical skills, which are necessary to perform tasks and to solve problems by selecting appropriate basic work methods, means, materials, information, and technologies.

Competence:

  • Able to be aware of and assume responsibility for performing work or learning tasks.
  • When solving the tasks, is able to adjust one’s actions to circumstances and assume responsibility for the result of work.

This level includes the following qualifications: 

  1. Certificate of vocational education (arodizglītība);
  2. Certificate of professional qualification (at vocational education (arodizglītība) level)
  • Certificate of vocational education (arodizglītība): woodworking machine operator
    Certificate of vocational education (arodizglītība) is issued to the students that have graduated a vocational education programme. The length of programme is 1 year after completed basic education, 3 years after partly completed basic education or 1 year after secondary education. The content of vocational education is defined by the state vocational education standard and relevant occupational standard. The obtained professional qualification allows the graduates to perform independently qualified executor's/worker's work, to assume responsibility for a work performed according to instructions, to work in a team.  General education subjects are integrated into vocational education programmes, but they do not allow the graduates to enrol in higher education.For example, woodworking machine operator is a specialist that has acquired basics of wood processing, performs mechanical wood processing, who makes, assembles and installs on site various wooden products of simple construction; produces wooden products of medium complexity at technological lines or wood processing equipment; complies with the technological requirements in production, organizes the performance of working tasks regarding work task, follows the sequence of operations, prepares wood processing equipment for work (except automatic control machines), regulates technological lines, auxiliaries and cutting instruments, ensures the operability of equipment and tools, abides by the requirements of labour protection.
  • Certificate of professional qualification (at vocational education (arodizglītība) level): Woodworking machine operator
    Certificate of professional qualification is issued to the students that have graduated a vocational education programme. The length of programme is at least 480 – 640 hours after completed secondary education. The content of vocational education is defined by the state vocational education standard and relevant occupational standard. The obtained professional qualification allows the graduates to perform independently qualified executor's/worker's work, to assume responsibility for a work performed according to instructions, to work in a team.For example, woodworking machine operator is a specialist that has acquired basics of wood processing, performs mechanical wood processing, who makes, assembles and installs on site various wooden products of simple construction; produces wooden products of medium complexity at technological lines or wood processing equipment; complies with the technological requirements in production, organizes the performance of working tasks regarding work task, follows the sequence of operations, prepares wood processing equipment for work (except automatic control machines), regulates technological lines, auxiliaries and cutting instruments, ensures the operability of equipment and tools, abides by the requirements of labour protection.
EQF Level 3
LQF level 2

Knowledge:

  • Able to demonstrate basic knowledge set in the field of work or specific subject syllabi in reference to the relevant field of professional activity or learning.

Skills:

  • Able to use basic cognitive and practical skills, which are necessary to perform tasks by using relevant information, and solve routine problems by using basic rules and means.
  • Able to understand the consequences of own actions with regard to self and others.

Competence:

  • Able to perform tasks under supervision of a professional individually, in a working group or partly independently.
  • Able to participate in setting some learning or work objectives and planning the course of actions.

This level includes the following qualification:

  1. Certificate of general basic education;
  2. Certificate of vocational basic education
  3. Certificate of professional qualification (at basic education level)
  • Certificate of general basic education
    Certificate of basic education is issued to the graduates of general basic education programme. Basic education is compulsory and the length of programme is 9 years (from the age of 7 (or 6)).The mandatory content of basic education is defined by the state basic education standard and the standards for basic education study subjects. The aim of basic education is to provide opportunities for acquiring the basic knowledge and skills needed in the social and individual life, for guidance with regard to values.Basic education develops the notion and understanding of the main processes in nature, society and sustainable development, moral and ethical values; ensures the opportunity for mastering the basic knowledge and basic skills in language and mathematics, the basic learning skills and basic skills in using information technologies, the knowledge and democratic values needed for a Latvian citizen, as well as to gain the experience in creative activities; develops the basic notion on Latvian, European and global cultural heritage; and cultivates communication and cooperation abilities.
  • Certificate of vocational basic education: Woodworker
    Certificate of vocational basic education is issued to the pupils that have graduated a vocational basic education programme. Vocational basic education is a vocational education of basic stage. The length of programme 1-3 years, pupils with completed general basic education or uncompleted basic education, pupils have to be at least 15 years old. Those pupils without complete basic education have the possibility to finish general basic education programme parallel to the acquisition of professional qualification. The obtained professional qualification allows the graduates to conduct simple work tasks, a simple work under supervision.For example, woodworker under the supervision of a qualified specialist performs mechanical wood processing, makes blanks of wood and wooden board materials, as well as makes simple wooden products.
  • Certificate of professional qualification (at basic education level): Woodworker

    Certificate of professional qualification is issued to the students that have graduated a vocational education programme. The length of programme is at least 480 hours no prior education required. The content of vocational education is defined by the state vocational education standard and relevant occupational standard. The obtained professional qualification allows the graduates to conduct simple work tasks, a simple work under supervision.

    For example, woodworker under the supervision of a qualified specialist performs mechanical wood processing, makes blanks of wood and wooden board materials, as well as makes simple wooden products.

EQF Level 2
Latvian Qualifications Framework (LQF) level 1

Knowledge:

  • Able to demonstrate elementary knowledge, which manifests in recognition and recollection.

Skills:

  • Able to use elementary practical and cognitive skills, able to execute them under direct supervision using simple tools.
  • Able to perform simple tasks, which are repetitive as to their content and predictable.

Competence:

  • Able to perform simple tasks in a structured environment, to function in a limited context.
  • Able to perform elementary tasks following a model, able to master basic self-care skills.

This level includes the following qualification:

Certificate of general basic education (special education programmes for learners with (severe) mental development disorders or multiple severe developmental disorders).

  • Certificate of general basic education (special education programmes for learners with (severe) mental development disorders or multiple severe developmental disorders)
    Certificate of basic education is issued to the graduates of general basic education programme intended for pupils with severe mental development disorders or several severe development disorders.Basic education is compulsory and duration is 9 years (from the age of 7 (or 6)), in a certain special education programmes the duration of general basic education may be up to 12 years.The content of basic education is defined by the state basic education standard and the standards for basic education study subjects. The aim of basic education is to provide opportunities for acquiring the basic knowledge and skills needed in the social and individual life, for guidance with regard to values.Pupils' assessment in special education is carried out regarding the state basic education standard, while for pupils with mental development disorders – according to the procedure stipulated by the Cabinet of Ministers.
EQF Level 1