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Oceans and fisheries

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Five European Structural and Investment Funds[*] support the economic development of the EU until 2020. One of them, the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF), is specifically tailored to Europe's seas and coasts. Its EUR 6.4 billion budget - 5.7 billion of which is managed by the Member States - focuses on underpinning the CFP and making fisheries and aquaculture more sustainable and profitable. But the EMFF also invests in diversifying local economies, to ensure thriving maritime regions, inland fisheries and aquaculture areas.

In doing so, the EMFF does not prescribe how every cent should be spent. Instead, the EU allocates a share of the total budget to each Member State, and leaves it to national authorities - and local communities - to choose the projectes and solutions that work best for them.

 

[*] The European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), the European Social Fund (ESF), the Cohesion Fund (CF), the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) and the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF).

 

The EMFF has six main priorities

 

  1. Sustainable fisheries (26.3%). To strike a balance between human fishing capacity and available natural resources, to fish more selectively and to reduce unintended catches.
  2. Sustainable aquaculture (20%). To make the sector more successful and competitive by focusing on quality, health and safety, as well as eco-friendly production; and to provide consumers with high-quality, highly nutritional and trustworthy products.
  3. Implementing the CFP (19.4%): To improve data collection, scientific knowledge, control and enforcement of fisheries legislation.
  4. Employment and territorial cohesion (9.6%). To help coastal and inland fisheries and aquaculture communities gain more value for their products and diversify their economies into other maritime fields such as tourism or direct sales.
  5. Marketing and processing (18.4%): To improve market organisation, market intelligence and consumer information in the world's largest seafood market.
  6. Implementing the integrated maritime policy (1.2%). To improve marine knowledge, better plan activities at sea, promote cooperation in maritime surveillance and manage sea basins according to their individual needs.

 

The remaining 5.2% consists of technical assistance to help Member States to implement the above priorities.

In this way, the EMFF supports local initiatives aiming at rebuilding fish stocks, phasing out discards, collecting fisheries data and reducing human impact on the marine environment.

It helps Member States check that fishers, fish farmers and maritime communities correctly apply the relevant EU rules. The EMFF also envourages cross-border cooperation in maritime domains such as spatial planning and surveillance.

EMFF contribution – 2014-2020 programming period – Per priority
(in thousand EUR and percentage of total)

 Sustainable fisheriesSustainable aquacultureImplementation
of the CFP
Employment and territorial cohesionMarketing and processingImplementation
of the IMP
Technical assistanceTotal per MS% per MS
BE14 3756 72514 24504 1619401 30041 7460.73
BG14 42425 531 9 82616 1198 4712 3254 12580 8241.42
CZ022 6472 65304 10001 70731 1080.55
DK79 01722 01970 5467 51814 8392 50011 914208 3553.66
DE52 25063 09759 69521 81011 6312 5008 613219 5963.86
EE16 7557 17213 96226 28228 6482 3255 824100 9701.78
IE27 79514 90069 7916 00019 7825 3354 000147 6022.60
EL119 02562 39470 43359 92559 7774 44612 778388 7786.84
ES300 323189 051154 233109 255288 7255 21864 8221 111 62819.55
FR121 918122 647123 00321 128170 1064 99124 184587 98010.34
HR84 32951 51434 82423 54842 2681 00015 159252 6434.44
IT187 32976 266102 42942 88891 6574 44632 247537 2639.45
CY13 5988 4919 0064 9351 1581 4001 12539 7150.70
LV43 90732 52310 36712 75030 2862 5007 500139 8342.46
LT11 20918 1997 9609 87511 5859303 67263 4321.12
HU1 70324 7092 45109 196035238 4120.68
MT8 5482 3198 69204071 3601 30022 6270.40
NL31 1825 96251 93804 9592 5004 980101 5231.79
AT334 1031 40001 28701406 9650.12
PL169 117162 94823 62779 70061 6032 35031 873531 2199.34
PT89 62565 00055 44732 710121 5185 33522 850392 4856.90
RO4 75289 48912 94337 42811 2402 50010 067168 4212.96
SI2 6494 8803 7985 8093 1816171 98522 9200.40
SK07 5811 05703 377093712 9530.23
FI13 24513 32730 0183 9266 7704 4462 65974 3931.31
SE23 65811 87160 4018 3435 5734 4465 864120 1562.11
UK67 48719 32797 63413 58427 2445 33512 528243 1394.28
Total per priority1 498 2621 134 7001 102 384543 5371 043 55469 743294 5075 686 691100

NB: Not relevant for LU.
Source: Member States' operational programmes. Situation as in December 2019.