Knowledge Centre on Migration and Demography

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KCMD Newsletter

The Knowledge Centre on Migration and Demography (KCMD) brings together inter-disciplinary expertise and research skills to help strengthen the European Commission’s response to the opportunities and challenges linked to migration and demography.

This newsletter provides a snapshot of the main results and deliverables of the KCMD in the first half of 2022.



Anticipating global population trends and their implications

Major demographic transitions are occurring across all world regions, at different paces and with different implications. Important trends are already visible and others are very likely to occur in the coming decades.



Labour market consequences of COVID-19 for migrant workers

A new JRC Technical Report looks at the labour market participation trends for natives, EU-born migrants and non-EU born migrants during the COVID-19 pandemic. The report confirms that the pandemic had an unequal impact on the employment rates among native and migrant workers.



International Day of Family Remittances: supporting more accurate estimates on remittance flows

A new JRC Technical Report published in the occasion of the International Day of Family Remittances explores how data on social connections between migrants and their contacts in their countries of origin could help explain the volume of remittance flows. In doing so, the report highlights an opportunity for the refinement of international statistics on remittances.



New perspectives on territorial disparities. From lonely places to places of opportunities

This study presents a unique spatial, multi-scalar and interdisciplinary approach to places. It aims at creating knowledge going beyond traditional operational classes of policy programmes, the urban/rural dichotomy, or administrative boundaries.



A new report supports the EU’s efforts to provide opportunities for young people

A new report from the JRC supports the EU’s efforts to provide opportunities for young people around the world by presenting an overview of international data on youth, which can contribute to policymaking, monitoring and evaluation. The report shows that there is a growing body of international data on youth across a range of thematic areas.



How data innovation can improve the evidence base on migration, mobility and demographic change

A report on Data Innovation in Demography, Migration and Human Mobility identifies areas in which innovative data sources have the most concrete potential for policymaking.

Atlas of Demography: connection between demographic transitions and urbanisation

A new story of the Atlas of Demography illustrates the links between urbanisation and demographic trajectories: the proportion of people living in cities continues to grow rapidly in world regions and countries with high fertility rates, while urbanisation has slowed down in countries with declining birth rates.

Atlas of Demography: Europe’s outermost regions

A thematic story of the Atlas of Demography looks at the demographics and unemployment levels of the EU’s outermost regions: French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, Reunion Island and Saint-Martin (France), Azores and Madeira (Portugal), and the Canary Islands (Spain).

Atlas of Demography: migrant workers in the EU

A thematic story in the Atlas of Demography highlights the key contribution of migrant workers to the EU labour market to address skills shortages.

Atlas of Demography: forced displacement from Ukraine, the role of the diaspora

A thematic story in the Atlas of Demography shows the regional distribution of the Ukrainian diaspora in the EU. The mapping can function as an indication of where the displaced persons from Ukraine are likely to seek refuge.

Atlas of Demography: depopulation, brain drain and returning migrants

Two thematic stories in the Atlas of Demography focus on return migration as well as depopulation and brain drain. Depopulation and ageing are two intertwined factors affecting the future of Europe and particularly its rural areas where 30% of the total EU population live.

Second edition of the Atlas of Demography launched

The second edition of the Atlas of Demography contains data on mortality, fertility and migration, population projections, new thematic stories, and a more user-friendly look. The Atlas of Demography is a living tool created by the Knowledge Centre on Migration and Demography (KCMD) to support the integration of demographic analysis into EU policymaking.



Local conflict, population dynamics and climate anomalies in Sudan and South Sudan
This report explores the association between climate anomalies, population dynamics, conflict and organised violence in Sudan and South Sudan, at the sub-national level and for the years 1989-2015. The analyses indicate a positive correlation of temperature and precipitation anomalies with conflict and organised violence at the local level.


Urban-rural interactions and their territorial disparities
This policy brief analyses territorial discrepancies and flows between types of settlements across several dimensions.


Support for governments during the COVID-19 pandemic
A report by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) shows that when the COVID-19 pandemic erupted in 2020, the support for national governments initially rose in several European countries. Then, as the pandemic dragged on, people’s support for their governments started to decline. The decline was the sharpest among women, the self-employed and students.


Mapping the Demand Side of Computational Social Science for Policy - Harnessing digital trace data and computational methods to address societal challenges
This report aims at collecting novel and pressing policy issues that can be addressed by Computational Social Science (CSS), an emerging discipline that is rooted in the increasing availability of digital trace data and computational resources and seeks to apply data science methods to social sciences.


Demographic Microsimulation for the Estimation of the Fiscal Impacts of Immigration and Ageing in Europe
This report evaluates the fiscal effect that a better labour market integration of immigrants, a longer working life, and a broader labour market participation of women will have on EU Member States’ fiscal balance in the next three decades via a demographic microsimulation model.


Assessing the demographic impact of migration on the working-age population across European territories
This study looks at the relative contribution of cohort turnover and migration flows in shaping the demographic evolution of the working-age population at the local level.


Forecasting asylum-related migration flows with machine learning and data at scale
This article describes a data-driven adaptive system for forecasting asylum applications in the European Union (EU), built on machine learning algorithms that combine administrative data with non-traditional data sources at scale.

This is an edition of the KCMD enewsletter, published by the Knowledge Centre on Migration and Demography via the European Commission's Knowledge4Policy platform

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