The European Commission has adopted the EU monitoring framework for the circular economy (presented jointly with other initiatives on circular economy, including the Europe-wide strategy on plastics). The framework, based on the Circular Economy Action Plan, aims to measure progress and to assess the effectiveness of action towards the circular economy in the EU and Member States. It includes ten indicators covering the four areas of circular economy: production & consumption, waste management, secondary raw materials, and competitiveness & innovation. The indicators build on the existing Resource Efficiency and Raw Materials Scoreboards. The indicators show that waste recycling is overall increasing in the EU, however the recycled materials only meet roughly 10% of EU demand for materials despite gradual improvement since 2014.