EU response to the coronavirus pandemic
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EU response to the coronavirus pandemic
EU response to the coronavirus pandemic
The EU's response follows a ‘Team Europe' approach, aimed at saving lives by providing quick and targeted support to our partners to face this pandemic. It combines resources from the EU, its Member States and financial institutions, in particular the European Investment Bank and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development.
As part of its global response to the coronavirus outbreak, the European Commission is standing by its Eastern partners and mobilised an emergency support package for Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, the Republic of Moldova, and Ukraine.
The EU is providing €80 million for the most immediate needs and more than €883 million to support for the short and medium term to support the social and economic recovery of the region. The support package is an ambitious one, based on needs of partner countries, and already delivering concrete support to people on the ground.
At the request of the partner countries, the Commission is responding to immediate needs by supporting the supply of medical devices and personal equipment. The European Commission is working with the World Health Organisation (WHO), and is deploying €30 million to ensure these necessary supplies are jointly purchased and effectively distributed to the health systems of the six countries. In addition, the funds will support national health administrations to train medical and laboratory staff and carry out awareness raising measures to the wider population.
- What will be distributed? 3 million masks respirators; 5 million medical masks; 3 million gloves; 400,000 gowns; 160,0000 goggles; 100,000 face shields; 100,000 test kits.
The European Commission is also supporting the socio-economic recovery of the region with an economic package worth €329 million, by reorienting existing support and making emergency assistance available as a matter of urgency to the public sector and small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and the self-employed, who are particularly impacted by the crisis.
- SMEs from the six partner countries can visit the EU4Business website for information on how to access to grants, loans and knowledge to help them withstand the economic challenges linked to the COVID19 crisis.
The Commission has also made available more than €11.3 million in small grants to civil society organisations. These funds are already responding to immediate needs, through the “Rapid Response Mechanism”, such as support with distance learning, emergency food packages to vulnerable communities, assistance to disabled people, and awareness raising to counter disinformation.
- EU support in action: Over 3,000 vulnerable households, with elderly people and people with disabilities and large families in Shirak, Tavush and Lori regions of Armenia received humanitarian aid packages thanks to the support of the European Union.
The Commission has also launched the Eastern Partnership Solidarity Programme, which will target the most affected parts of the populations through civil society support and notably sub-grants to smaller, local organisations.
In addition, tailor-made COVID-19 response packages using a mix of existing funds and new funds are being mobilised in each of the six partner countries covering both immediate needs and the medium term socio-economic recovery.
As part of its global response to the coronavirus outbreak, the EU has reconfirmed its solidarity with its partners in the Southern Neighbourhood and is adjusting and reorienting its on-going and planned cooperation. Based on requests from partner countries and within the limit of the existing budget, the EU mobilised a support package of over €2.2 billion for the Southern Neighbourhood (latest update on 11 June).
The assistance package is providing €25 million for immediate needs such as the continuity of critical health care and the provision of much-needed protective equipment. As an example, the EU launched the “EU Initiative for Health Security” worth €9 million with the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control to provide tailor-made support to neighbourhood and enlargement countries to enhance their preparedness and response capacities.
€878 million will help strengthen national health systems and €1.3 billion is being redirected to support the socio-economic recovery both in countries and at regional level in the medium to long-term, in sectors such as trade finance, support to SMEs and employment.
In addition, the EU proposed a €800 million macro-financial assistance package for the Southern Neighbourhood (€600 million for Tunisia, €200 million for Jordan) to mitigate the economic consequences of the pandemic.
The EU Regional Trust Fund in Response to the Syrian crisis and the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa – North Africa window play a vital role in providing assistance to the most vulnerable, respectively to refugees from Syria and local communities in Syria’s neighbouring countries, and to migrants, refugees and host communities in North Africa, in the form of inter alia emergency medical assistance, distribution of hygiene kits, support to basic health services and infrastructures, social protection or support to victims of sexual and gender-based violence.
On 9 June, the EU Regional Trust Fund in Response to the Syrian crisis adopted additional €55 million in support of Syrian refugees and local communities in Jordan and Lebanon. The support package includes additional emergency health services such as medical assistance of isolation centres and mental health support, essential water, sanitation and hygiene services, and access to health and social protection services for Palestine refugees from Syria, Jordan and Lebanon.
Western Balkans and Turkey
During the coronavirus pandemic the European Union has stood by the Western Balkans launching a support package of €3.3 billion to address the socio-economic consequences of coronavirus.
The support package provided immediate help through €38 million to procure medical equipment and set up a long term Economic and Investment plan for the region’s recovery.
The EU reallocated €389 million from the IPA (Instrument for Pre-Accession) funding to address the immediate effect of the economic crisis and mobilised €455 million for an economic reactivation package for the region in close cooperation with the International Financial Institutions.
The EU also proposed a €750 million macro-financial assistance package for the Western Balkans and a €1.7 billion package of assistance from the European Investment Bank.
Since the beginning of the coronavirus pandemic the EU has stood by Turkey through several measures:
- Activating the EU civil protection mechanism to repatriate stranded Turkish citizens;
- Extending the IPA Annual Action Programmes for 2013, 2014 and 2015 of one year;
- Opening access to the European Solidarity Fund (EUSF);
- Supporting Turkey’s most vulnerable members of society, including refugees, by mobilising funds under the Facility for Refugees. During first few weeks of the Covid-19 crisis, a total of €8.75 million was mobilised to address emergencies.
- Funding equipment and consumables, including 4 million gloves, 4 million masks, and 100,000 protective gowns for healthcare workers, through the ongoing SIHHAT Project under the Facility
- Coronavirus: Macro-financial assistance agreement provides for €80 million disbursement to North Macedonia // 16/07/2020
- Coronavirus response: additional rescEU masks delivered to Croatia, Montenegro, North Macedonia and Serbia // 07/07/2020
- EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa: New assistance package to support vulnerable groups and address COVID-19 in North Africa // 02/07/2020
- Coronavirus Global Response: Saturday's summit raised €6.15 billion for universal access to coronavirus vaccines // 28/06/2020
- Coronavirus: EU Medical Team deployed to Armenia // 19/06/2020
- Press release, 17 June 2020 - Coronavirus: Commission unveils EU vaccines strategy
- Press release and factsheet, 10 June 2020 - EU adopts €55 million support package for Syrian refugees and local communities in Jordan and Lebanon to mitigate coronavirus pandemic
- "Team Europe" global response to COVID-19: Council welcomes the mobilisation of almost €36 billion and approves conclusions // 08 June 2020
- Statement by President von der Leyen following the EU-Western Balkans Zagreb Summit // 06 May 2020
- Web news, 22 April 2020 – The EU supports its Southern partners to prevent further spread of the pandemic
- Press release, 22 April 2020 – Coronavirus: Commission proposes €3 billion macro-financial assistance package to support ten neighbouring countries
- Press release and Questions & Answers, 8 April 2020 – Coronavirus: EU global response to fight the pandemic
- Reinforced EU support to the Western Balkans in tackling coronavirus crisis and in post-pandemic recovery
- EU response to the coronavirus pandemic in the Western Balkans
- Factsheet on macro-financial assistance package
- Info cards on EU support to Western Balkans in tackling covid-19
- EU response to the coronavirus pandemic in the Southern Neighbourhood: English | French | Arabic
- The EU’s response to the coronavirus pandemic in the Eastern Partnership
- Zagreb Declaration, 6 May 2020 - The EU-Western Balkans Zagreb Summit took place via video conference on 6 May 2020. The EU leaders adopted the Zagreb Declaration, with which the Western Balkans partners have aligned themselves.
- Support to the Western Balkans in tackling COVID-19 and the post-pandemic recovery, 29 April 2020 – Ahead of the EU-Western Balkans Zagreb Summit the Commission adopted a Communication to present the support package to the Western Balkans to address the coronavirus crisis and socio-economic recovery.
- Macro-financial assistance package, 22 April 2020 - On 22 April 2020 the Commission proposed a macro-financial assistance package of €3 billion to 10 enlargement and neighbourhood partners to support them in the context of the COVID-19 crisis.
- Communication on the Global EU response to COVID-19, 8 April 2020 - On 8 April 2020 a joint communication was launched on global EU response to coronavirus pandemic calling for a Team Europe approach to act fast and in a coordinated way.
Eastern PartnershipArmenia Azerbaijan Belarus Georgia Moldova Ukraine
Southern NeighbourhoodEgypt Jordan Lebanon Libya Morocco Palestine Tunisia