- EU Neighbourhood Policy
- Countries of the region
- Eastern Partnership
- Southern Neighbourhood
- Neighbourhood-wide Cooperation
- Cross Border Cooperation
- Enlargement Policy
- EU and Western Balkans
- Check current status
- Conditions for membership
- Steps towards joining
- From 6 to 28 members
- Policy Highlights
- Instrument for Pre-accession assistance (IPA)
- Funding, Evaluations and Technical assistance
- About us
- Info corner
The EU cooperates with Moldova in the framework of the European Neighbourhood Policy and its eastern regional dimension, the Eastern Partnership. The key goal is to bring Moldova closer to the EU.
EU assistance to Moldova supports the objectives of the EU-Moldova Association Agreement. It is linked to the country's reform commitments under the Association Agreement and aims at improving the quality of life of ordinary Moldovans in a tangible and visible manner, strengthening the rule of law, as well as improving the business climate, with a view to reaping the benefits from the DCFTA (Deep and comprehensive free trade area), and supporting greater connectivity between Moldova and the EU in the areas of energy and transport.
The European Neighbourhood Instrument is the EU financial instrument dedicated to the Neighbourhood for the period 2014-2020. It replaces the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI) of 2007-2013. Other funding sources are the thematic programmes, focused on human rights and civil society.
EU assistance to Moldova takes mainly the form of country Action Programmes funded every year under the ENI. Moldova benefits also from regional and multi-country Action Programmes funded under the ENI.
The European Union adopted the new EU multiannual programing document for the period 2017-2020 (Single Support Framework). It is based on the Eastern Partnership priorities to achieve a: 1/stronger economy, 2/ stronger governance, 3/ stronger connectivity and 4/ stronger society. In addition it includes horizontal support to civil society, strategic communication, and capacity development/institution building.
In line with the multiannual programming framework, the Commission has adopted in November 2017 the first annual action programme for 2017. A total of €79 million is allocated among projects that aim to deliver benefits to the Moldovan citizens. The projects will intervene in the following areas:
- infrastructure projects for waste water and sanitation, as well as energy interconnections (with Romania)
- improving governance in the energy sector, as well as economic governance,
- assistance on the Moldova-Ukraine border mission with special focus on Transnistrian conflict settlement, EUBAM
- support to citizens' empowerment to engage in local decision making and participatory budgeting
- support to Association Agreement/DCFTA implementation
- support to strategic communication and independent media.
EU assistance is conditional to the progress of the country in its reform agenda. To this respect, when major frauds in the Moldovan banking system emerged in 2014-2015, the European Union suspended budget support payments to the Moldovan authorities. The EU resumed its budget support disbursements following the agreement at the end of 2016 on a programme between Moldova and the International Monetary Fund, whose main aim is to stabilise the banking sector in Moldova, and also given Moldova's compliance with other budget support conditions (e.g. progress on public finance management). In line with the recommendations of the Court of Auditors (report on Moldova, no. 13/2016), the Commission will continue to apply strict conditionality; in doing so, it will pay particular attention to the need for the country to deliver on key reforms, especially in the justice area, the financial sector, the energy sector, public administration and on prevention and fight against corruption (i.e. Council conclusions on Moldova, 15 February 2016), and to the sound implementation of the IMF agreement. Particular attention will be also paid to the respect of effective democratic mechanisms, rule of law and human rights in Moldova.
For the period 2014-2016, the strategic framework, key results and indicative financial allocations for the EU's bilateral cooperation with Moldova were set out in the following Single Support Framework. The three priority sectors were:
- public administration reform,
- agriculture and rural development,
police reform and border management.
Moldova also benefits from regional programmes for the Eastern Partnership region, supporting SMEs, energy, transport, environment, access to finance, growth as well as the overall business environment. Moldova also participates in Cross Border Cooperation (CBC) programmes such as the Black Sea Programme, the Romania-Ukraine-Moldova ENPI Land-Border Programme, and the INTERREG Danube Transnational Programme.
In addition to the ENI, Moldova is eligible for funding under the EU thematic programmes: the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights, Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace, Civil Society Organisations and Local Authorities, Human Development and Migration & Asylum.