The EU cooperates with Georgia in the framework of the European Neighbourhood Policy and its eastern regional dimension, the Eastern Partnership. The key goal is to bring Georgia closer to the EU.
The European Neighbourhood Instrument is the EU financial instrument dedicated to the Neighbourhood for the period 2014-2020. It replaces the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI) of 2007-2013. Other funding sources are the thematic programmes, focused on human rights and civil society.
EU assistance to Georgia takes mainly the form of country Action Programmes funded every year under the ENI. Georgia benefits also from regional and multi-country Action Programmes funded under the ENI.
Bilateral cooperation with Georgia contributes to the objectives of the Eastern Partnership.
The strategic framework, key results and indicative financial allocations for the EU's bilateral cooperation with Georgia in 2014-2017 are set out in the Single Support Framework . The three priority sectors are:
- Public Administration Reform;
- Agriculture and Rural Development;
- Justice Sector Reform.
These sectors will encompass support for the implementation of the Association Agreement and the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (AA/DCFTA) – that Georgia signed with the EU on 27 June 2014. In addition, complementary support for the modernisation of public institutions and for civil society can be provided outside the priority sectors.
In 2014-2017, ENI bilateral assistance to Georgia may range between a minimum of €335 million and a maximum of €410 million. These figures are indicative: final allocations will depend on the country's needs and commitment to reforms.
Georgia can also benefit from additional financial assistance granted through the multi-country 'umbrella programme': the incentive-based mechanism that rewards progress in building deep and sustainable democracy with supplementary financial allocations ('more for more'). See more
In 2014, the EU committed €131 million for bilateral assistance to Georgia under the ENI, mainly for justice and agriculture. This includes €30 million granted through the multi-country 'umbrella programme'. See the Annual Action Programme 2014 and the Special Measure 2014.
Ongoing bilateral programmes (under the ENPI) concentrate on reforms in the management of public finances, agriculture, criminal justice, regional development, vocational education and training, and on conflict settlement and assistance for internally displaced persons. Support for public institutions and promotion of EU best practices are important elements of ongoing and future cooperation across all sectors. Civil society initiatives are supported with the Neighbourhood Civil Society Facility.
In 2007-2013, the EU committed €452 million for bilateral assistance to Georgia under the ENPI. This included €49 million granted in 2012-2013 through the Eastern Partnership Integration and Cooperation (EaPIC) programme (now replaced by the 'umbrella programme').
Georgia participates also in regional programmes funded under the ENPI/ENI (mainly in environment, energy, transport and border management), in the Eastern Partnership Flagship Initiatives, in cross-border cooperation and in initiatives open to all Neighbour countries: Erasmus+, TAIEX, SIGMA, and the Neighbourhood Investment Facility (NIF) The NIF in Georgia targets primarily investment projects in water, energy, environment, and support to small business.
In addition to the ENI, Georgia is eligible for funding under the EU thematic programmes: the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights, Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace, Civil Society Organisations and Local Authorities, Human Development and Migration & Asylum.