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The European Union and Algeria have a long-standing partnership within the framework of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP). The Association Agreement – entered into force in 2005 – represents the key legal basis of EU-Algeria relations. A joint assessment of the implementation of the Association Agreement has been finalized in March 2017, along with the Partnership priorities: the new political framework that will guide the dialogue of the EU and its Member States with Algeria up to 2020. The EU and Algeria entertain also a high-level dialogue on energy.
The European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI) is the key financial instrument for funding EU cooperation with Algeria in 2014-2020. It replaces the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI) of 2007-2013. Other funding sources are the thematic programmes – for example on human rights, environment or civil society.
EU assistance to Algeria takes mainly the form of “annual action programmes” funded every year under the ENI. Algeria participates also in regional and multi-country action programmes funded under the ENI, such as TAIEX and SIGMA. Finally, Algeria is also eligible for funding under the North Africa window of the “EU Emergency Trust Fund for stability and addressing root causes of irregular migration and displaced persons in Africa”.
The strategic framework, key results and indicative financial allocations for the EU’s bilateral cooperation with Algeria in 2014-2017 are set out in the Single Support Framework (SSF) adopted in 2014. A second Single Support Framework will be adopted to cover the period 2018–2020.
In 2014-2017, ENI bilateral assistance to Algeria may total up to €148 million. The three priority sectors of intervention for funding in 2014–2017 are:
- Justice reform and strengthening of citizen participation in public life;
- Labour market reform and employment creation;
- Support to the management and diversification of the economy.
Complementary support for capacity development and civil society can be provided within and outside these priority sectors. For example, twinning projects mobilize a wide range of public expertise from EU Member States’ institutions to work with their Algerian counterparts on legal developments and regulatory convergence with the EU.
In 2014, the annual action programme for Algeria committed €26.3 million from the ENI budget to support reforms in the justice sector (€9million), the media (€7.3 million), and professional education and training (€10 million). In 2015, €25 million were committed to accompany the Government’s efforts to diversify the economy and improve the business climate (€17 million), and to improve citizens’ participation in local public life (€8 million). In 2016, €30 million were committed to support the modernization of public finances (€10 million), renewable energy and energy efficiency (€10 million), and to mobilize technical expertise on the implementation of the Association Agreement (€10 million).
European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument
In 2007–2013, the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI) was the main EU financial instrument to fund cooperation programmes with the Neighbourhood partner countries. The EU committed €366.1 million for bilateral assistance to Algeria under the ENPI; several programmes are still ongoing, for example on environment, agriculture and rural development, education and inclusive development.
In addition to the ENI, Algeria is eligible for funding under other EU thematic programmes and external assistance instruments: the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR), the Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace (IcSP), Civil Society Organisations and Local Authorities (CSO-LA), Human Development, and Migration & Asylum.
Algeria participates in the international dimension of the Erasmus+ programme for mobility and cooperation with the European universities in the field of higher education.