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Europe: New data on housing

In January 2016, Eurostat updated the migration integration statistics ('Zaragoza indicators') on housing, one key area of the EU Integration Indicators on social inclusion. The updated section on Eurostat's website summarises the main trends and variation in outcomes in this area of integration across all 28 EU Member States:

  • Around 2/3 working-age foreign citizens, including non-EU citizens, are tenants, while nearly 3/4 of working-age national citizens are owners of their dwelling. Tenure status is an important indicator of social inclusion and potential for exposure to discrimination on the housing rental market.
  • 3 in 10 non-EU citizens are 'overburdened' by their housing costs (40% or more of household's disposable income) compared to 1 in 10 national citizens. The gap in housing cost overburden for non-EU citizens fell from 2010 to 2013 but returned to 2009-levels in 2014 (19.5% percentage points).
  • Around 1/4 of non-EU citizens, were living in overcrowded quarters compared to 17% for the native-born population and people born in another EU Member State; the highest rates of overcrowding were reported among the foreign-born in Hungary, Greece, Italy, Croatia and Slovakia (nearly 1/2)
  • 18.8% of non-EU citizens lived in households with very low work intensity in 2014 compared to 11.5% of national citizens, with the highest levels for non-EU citizens observed in Belgium (44.2 %), the Netherlands (31.9 %), Finland (31.2 %), Denmark (27.4 %) and Sweden (26.1 %)