Substitution and discrimination on the Polish labour market under intensified immigration (Unofficial translation)
Substytucja i dyskryminacja na polskim rynku pracy w sytuacji nasilonej imigracji (Original language title)
In this working paper, the author argues that the recently observed increases in the number of foreign workers in Poland’s labour market contributes to the strengthening of market segmentation. The author’s analysis supports the hypothesis that there has been a deterioration in the terms of employment (including wages) for employees in the lower segments of the labour market, and that discriminatory practices by employers have intensified as a result of the increased segmentation.
In recent years, the share of foreign workers in some regions and sectors of the Polish labour market has become significant, especially during certain months of the year. This phenomenon has had an increasing impact on labour force balances at local and regional levels and on the employment strategies of individual companies.
Workers employed within the framework of the so-called simplified procedure have played a particularly important role in this process. The analysis of this paper focuses on these workers and compares their situation to that of natives. The paper is based on a sample survey of companies that registered a declaration of intention to employ a foreign worker in 2016.