Social integration of migrant population in Spain (Traduction non officielle)
“Un arraigo sobre el alambre. La integración social de la Población de Origen Inmigrante (POI) en España” (Original language title)
This study on migrant integration in Spain analyses the evolution of social integration over the last decade, and finds that ultimately social integration helps to breaks down prejudices: migrants in Spain are well-settled, well-trained and give more than they receive.
The area in which Spain struggles most with migrant integration, the study finds, is employment. In fact, and despite their good training, the vast majority of migrants in Spain work in elementary occupations, with only 25% progressing to medium or high-level positions. Moreover, fewer than 27% of migrants are in full-time, permanent employment. Wages are low and irregular and fall well below the minimum professional wage and national average.
Despite difficulties with employment, another trend highlighted by the study is the 'deep-rooted' nature of migration in Spain, with the average length of stay being high: more than 50% of migrants have been living in the country for at least 15 years. Moreover, a large number are settled with families, partners and children. Currently, 27% of children born in Spain are born to migrant parents.
Among citizens of migrant origin, one in three has Spanish nationality. The study finds that most migrants have a thorough command of the Spanish language, 23% are in a mixed-nationality relationship and at least 63% belong to native Spanish communities or socialise within local Spanish networks.
Read more comprehensive analysis of the study here.
Access the full study online here.