Ireland: Annual Report on Migration and Asylum 2019
The Annual Report on Migration and Asylum 2019: Ireland provides a comprehensive overview of trends, policy developments and significant debates in the area of migration and international protection during 2019 in Ireland.
The report analyses information across 13 areas: Statistics; Case law; Legislation; Institutional Changes; Economic Migration; International Developments; Reception Conditions; Irish Refugee Protection Programme; Unaccompanied Minors and Other Vulnerable Groups; Visa Policy; Immigration Preclearance; Citizenship and Naturalisation; Return; Integration Trafficking.
Some important developments in 2019 included:
- The General Scheme for an Employment Permits (Consolidation and Amendment) Bill was established. It includes proposals for a seasonal employment permit and a special circumstances employment permit.
- Establishment of the Expert Group on the Provision of Support, including Accommodation, to Persons in the International Protection Process (Asylum Seekers), chaired by Dr Catherine Day, former Secretary General of the European Commission.
- Ireland announced plans to resettle up to 2 900 refugees under a new phase of the Irish Refugee Protection Programme 2020 and 2023, at the Global Refugee Forum on 18 December 2019.
- Community Sponsorship Ireland was launched as a national programme on 11 November 2019. Community Sponsorship provides an alternative resettlement stream involving community groups providing support to arriving refugees.
- Ireland abolished its re-entry visa system for holders of an Irish Residence Permit (IRP) or the former Garda National Immigration Bureau (GNIB) card, with effect from 13 May 2019.
- The Migrant Integration Strategy 2017–2020: Progress Report to Government was published in June 2019.
Key statistics for for 2019 include:
- According to Eurostat, some 168 297 residence permits were valid in Ireland as of 31 December 2019, an increase of 18.2% from 2018;
- Net inward migration for non-EU nationals was estimated at 19 000;
- The number of newly arrived immigrants decreased by 3 200;
- A total of 137 207 visas, both long and short stay, were issued in 2019.
- A total of 16 383 employment permits were issued during 2019, an increase of 22%. As in 2018, India was the top nationality.
- The International Protection Office (IPO) received 4 781 applications for international protection in 2019, an increase of 30.2%. Ireland’s applications accounted for 0.64% of the 745 255 applications made in the EU-28 countries in 2019.
- A total of 298 deportation orders were effected in 2019. Some 255 third-country nationals availed of voluntary return, 106 of whom were assisted by the International Organization for Migration (IOM).
- A total of 42 suspected victims of trafficking were identified during 2019.