Indicators of Immigrant Integration 2015: Settling In
This joint publication by the OECD and the European Commission presents the first broad international comparison across all EU and OECD countries of the outcomes for immigrants and their children, through a series of indicators organised around five areas: Employment, education and skills, social inclusion, civic engagement and social cohesion (Chapters 5 to 12). Three chapters present detailed contextual information (demographic and immigrant-specific) for immigrants and immigrant households (Chapters 2 to 4). Two special chapters are dedicated to specific groups.
The first group is that of young people with an immigrant background, whose outcomes are often seen as the benchmark for the success or failure of integration.
The second group are third-country nationals in the European Union, who are the target of EU integration policy. A full set of indicators of integration for third-country nationals is presented here for the first time. In summary, the report finds that:
- Differences in outcomes between third-country nationals and host country nationals tend to be greater than those between foreign-born (whatever their nationality) and native-born. This is partly because foreigners are more likely to be recent arrivals, as citizenship take-up increases with time spent in the host country.
- The employment rate of third-country nationals is below that of EU nationals in virtually all EU countries. For both groups, similar proportions are employed among the low-educated. In contrast, third-country nationals with higher education degrees have greater trouble finding a job than their EU peers.
- The poverty rate of third-country national households is twice as high as among host-country national households.