Identity and Expectations in the Moroccan community of Navarra: women's perspective (Unofficial translation)
Identidad y expectativas en la comunidad marroquí de Navarra (Original language title)
In initiative of the Directorate General for Migration Policies of the Government of Navarra, a study entitled 'Identity and Expectations in the Moroccan community of Navarra: women’s perspective' has been carried out with the aim of obtaining deeper knowledge of the communities of Moroccan origin in Navarra, more specifically of the women and the family members born in Spain to Moroccan immigrants.
The resulting data has been made available to the Directorate General in order to draw up lines of socio-political action which aim to facilitate greater integration for the members of these communities in the life of the towns and villages where they live, as well as in Navarrese society in general.
This study has been carried out in three phases combining three different methodologies: (1) initially, two or three focus groups were organised, one in each area, to obtain an overview of the participants' interests and priorities, which allowed researchers to design and adapt the questionnaires that were then used for the qualitative interviews; (2) subsequently, individual qualitative interviews were conducted with a sample of participants from each area; and (3) finally, a probability or quota sample of the Moroccan population of interest was carried out.
The results show that it is Moroccan (or Muslim) women, more than men, who face greater difficulties in integrating into the host society. The study documents different situations in which a clear lack of integration is reflected, and identifies some of the reasons for this, including:
- a high level of illiteracy;
- a lack of vocational training;
- a lack of employment background;
- a large number of divorced Moroccan women with children without resources.
Analysis of these difficulties shows clearly the need for support via classes (Spanish, vocational training, courses, etc.) as well as more help from the authorities. Several participants pointed to their need for help with finding work, and the need for greater acceptance within their new society.
The study concludes with a list of recommendations for improving the integration of this group of migrants. These include direct and indirect measures to promote employability and the creation of new job opportunities, possibilities to create a new social role so that Moroccan women do not feel 'trapped between two worlds' and to promote the education of members of the Moroccan community (both minors and adults).