EP Report: Labour Market Integration of Refugees
This European Parliament study provides the Employment and Social Affairs Committee with an analytical review of literature to identify key elements of a strategy for labour market integration of refugees. Strategies and policies are
illustrated by examples and good practices from various Member States based upon evidence or expert assessment. The study finds a high degree of international consensus on key elements for a successful integration strategy taking up lessons from the past and research findings. However, a number of challenges for research and policy remain.
Asylum seekers arriving to Europe tend to be disproportionally young and male: 74 % of first-time asylum applicants are male and 82 % are below 35. Selective data from various Member States show that high shares are low-skilled although they might be highly motivated.
Recommended policies include an early offer of language tuition and skills assessment to asylum seekers with good prospects for being allowed to stay, quality counselling to develop an individualised integration plan, recognition of foreign credentials including alternative methods of assessing informal learning and work experiences, job search
assistance making use of targeted entry subsidies and quality mentoring. Civic integration and democratic values can be enhanced through integration courses, as part of language classes and through participation in sport and other civil society activities. Whereas all migrants face intensive demands adjusting to a new society, most refugees also need to
redress personal, social and economic disadvantages they have faced as part of their refugee flight, and require specialized supports like access to specialized health services. Once language is no longer a major obstacle, refugees can benefit from training measures and other support for all unemployed.
Click here for the study.