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05 December 2022

Romania: Recognising legitimate employment

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As most refugees from Ukraine are still relying on informal networks in their search for a job in Romania, IOM Romania and LiberatED launched a guide for those seeking employment to raise awareness around identifying legitimate job offers and workplace exploitation. It highlights the dangers of being employed via the black market, and of related abuse and trafficking.

The guide provides accessible information on the following:

  • indicators that a job is not legitimate, such as high salaries, lack of skills/experience requirements, no job description, no reference to a contract, etc.
  • how to crosscheck the legality of a potential employer
  • steps that must be taken before embarking on a new job, in order to minimise the risks of illegitimate employment/exploitation 
  • indicators on possible exploitation, such as withholding IDs and strict control from employers, limited freedom of movement, etc.
  • where to seek help in relation to the above in Romania

The guide can equally be used by asylum seekers, refugees and other migrants from countries other than Ukraine, and is available in English as well as in Ukrainian and Russian.

(23.5 MB - PDF)


IOM Romania, LiberatED
Geographic area
Contributor type
International organisation
Original source
Posted by
Luciana Lazarescu
Country Coordinator

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