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30 June 2022

Incubation services for migrant entrepreneurs: stylised perspectives from France, Italy and the Netherlands


Oftentimes, as encouraged by several European initiatives, migrants to Europe aspire to enter the labour market by engaging in entrepreneurial activities. Unfortunately, they face many barriers in doing so. The existence of an inclusive entrepreneurial ecosystem - wherein incubators, accelerators and other business support organisations are able to design and offer their service to heterogeneous groups of entrepreneurs - is therefore key.

The Research report on the incubation services for migrant entrepreneurship, published by the Erasmus+ MIG.EN.CUBE project, explores the organisational characteristics of the business incubation services currently offered in France, Italy and The Netherlands, with specific focus on those targeting migrant entrepreneurs. Desk research was carried out, with the primary aiming of gathering qualitative data on the incubators, in addition to semi-structured interviews with 48 entrepreneurial support organisations offering different incubation and acceleration services. The cases of these three countries are interesting because they implement different policies to boost the benefits of migrant entrepreneurship, particularly in high-tech sectors (such as start-up visa policies), and to improve migrant’s socio-economic inclusion. 

Research activities for the report were led by the University of Amsterdam (UvA), in collaboration with the University of Bologna and Fondazione Grameen in Italy, Institut Supérieur De Gestion (ISG) and Place Network in France, Impact Hub Amsterdam in the Netherlands, and the Migration Policy Group (MPG) and Impact Hub Network at a wider European level. 

The summary report can be found attached below, and the full report is accessible on the website of the MIG.EN.CUBE project (see source link).

Incubation services for migrant entrepreneurs: stylized perspectives from France, Italy and the Netherlands
(148.73 KB - PDF)


Vittoria Scalera (University of Amsterdam), Daniela Bolzani (University of Bologna)
Geographic area
EU Wide
Contributor type
Academics and experts
Non-Governmental Organisations/Civil Society
Original source
Posted by
Olivia Long
Content manager

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