The information on this site is subject to a disclaimer, a copyright notice and rules related to personal data protection.
The opinions expressed on this Web Site are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the European Commission. This Web Portal has been created by the European Commission DG Home Affairs.
Web Portal access and membership are free of charge.
The Portal administrator has the right to moderate contributions and has all powers to accept or reject any contribution. In executing this mission, the Portal Team does not endorse any content of the submitted contributions: this responsibility, if any, belongs to the author submitting the information. The Project Team does not represent the Commission and therefore nothing in the Portal could have binding consequence for the European Commission.
The European Commission maintains this website to enhance public access to information about its initiatives and European Union policies in general. Our goal is to keep this information timely and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them.
However the Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information on this site.
This information is:
- of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity;
- not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
- sometimes linked to external sites over which the Commission services have no control and for which the Commission assumes no responsibility;
- not professional or legal advice (if you need specific advice, you should always consult a suitably qualified professional).
Please note that it cannot be guaranteed that a document available on-line exactly reproduces an officially adopted text. Only European Union legislation published in paper editions of the Official Journal of the European Union is deemed authentic.
It is our goal to minimize disruption caused by technical errors. However some data or information on our site may have been created or structured in files or formats that are not error-free and we cannot guarantee that our service will not be interrupted or otherwise affected by such problems. The Commission accepts no responsibility with regard to such problems incurred as a result of using this site or any linked external sites.
This disclaimer is not intended to limit the liability of the Commission in contravention of any requirements laid down in applicable national law nor to exclude its liability for matters which may not be excluded under that law.
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Reproduction is authorised, provided the source is acknowledged, save where otherwise stated.
Where prior permission must be obtained for the reproduction or use of textual and multimedia information (sound, images, software, etc.), such permission shall cancel the above-mentioned general permission and shall clearly indicate any restrictions on use.
In particular, the Web Portal is open to volunteer contributions. If you volunteer a contribution (for example by submitting on-line papers, reports, articles, images, or information of any kind), you are deemed and acknowledge to be the author or the legitimate copyright owner or the licensee of this information including all attached documents, you declare to be entitled to communicate and publish it. You also provide to the European Commission and to the Portal administrator a free of charge non-exclusive licence, for the duration of your own copyright, to publish and distribute this information through the Internet via the Portal. By doing that, you will - as the author - keep intact all your other benefits resulting from copyright and moral rights law.
Personal data protection rules
The European Union is committed to user privacy.
The policy on "protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data by the Community institutions" is based on Regulation (EC) N° 45/2001 [234 KB] of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2000.
This general policy covers the European Union's family of institutional Web Sites, within the eu domain.
Although you can browse through most of these Web Sites without giving any information about yourself, in some cases, personal information is required in order to provide the e-services you request.
In this respect:
- Within each Institution, a Data Protection Officer ensures that the provisions of the Regulation are applied and advises controllers on fulfilling their obligations (see art. 24 of the Regulation);
- For all the Institutions, the European Data Protection Supervisor [98 KB] will act as an independent supervisory authority (see art. 41 to 45 of the Regulation).
The European Union's family of institutional Web Sites, within the eu domain, provides links to third party sites. Since we do not control them, we encourage you to review their privacy policies.
In particular, the Portal collects your personal data with two purposes:
- To identify yourself uniquely, as author of your contribution if you decide to become logged user of the Portal (this allowing you to contribute to the content);
- To provide you newsletters that will be sent to your unique e-mail address.
The usage of these personal data is strictly limited to the two above purposes. All other usages are excluded. The data will be kept only as long the Portal will operate and will be deleted if the Portal mission was stopped.
Each Portal logged user will be entitled to access and to manage his personal data (name, surname) through his logged access to Portal.
The Portal logged user is solely responsible for his personal data (the Portal administrator will make no verification or corrections).
Personal data are encrypted and protected against unauthorised access in the Portal database.
For any complaints or queries concerning the management of your personal data please contact: firstname.lastname@example.org
Google Analytics Disclaimer
How do we treat e-mails you send us?
Many web pages on Europa have a "Contact" button, which activates your e-mail software and invites you to send your comments to a specific functional mailbox.
When you send such a message, your personal data is collected only to the extent necessary to reply. If the management team of the mailbox is unable to answer your question, it will forward your e-mail to another service. You will be informed, via e-mail, about which service your question has been forwarded to.
If you have any questions about the processing of your e-mail and related personal data, do not hesitate to include them in your message.