News of Closing - Sixth Report of Carta di Roma 2018
Notizie di Chiusura - Sesto rapporto Carta di Roma 2018 (Original language title)
Where does the public get their ideas about immigration? The main source is the news media. Thus, this December 2018 report by the Association Carta di Roma looks at trends in how print and television news sources use language when discussing migration. The report is the sixth edition of an annual series that examines coverage of migration in the Italian media.
Notably, the report finds that the decline in arrivals since the second half of 2017 did not create a proportional decrease in the number of migration-related articles per day. In 2015, the average was 1 headline for every 8 migrants who landed on Italian coasts. In 2018, it was 1 headline for every 2 migrants.
The report also finds that television news dedicates more attention to migration than newspapers. Whereas television news coverage of migration has increased more than 10% in 2018, the number of migration-related articles on the front page of newspapers has decreased 17%. In 2017, there were 1,006 migration-related articles published on newspaper front pages, while in 2018 there were ‘only’ 834.
When looking at the way journalists frame the topic of migration, the report finds that they still focus mainly on the migration ‘emergency’. Although the proportion of headlines that were alarmist decreased from 46% in 2017 to 24% in 2018, headlines that were reassuring only made up 12%. The report finds a sharp increase in the use of the term ‘migrant’ as well as a decline in use of ‘immigrant’. The use of ‘migrant’ evokes the idea of permanent displacement.
The Association Carta di Roma was founded in December 2011 with the goal of implementing the Journalist’s Code of Conduct on Immigration, signed by the National Council of Journalists (CNOG) and the National Federation of the Italian Press (FNSI) in June 2008.
Take a look at the first report in this series.