Muslims – Second EU Minorities and Discrimination Survey
This thematic focus of the second EU Minorities and Discrimination Survey published by European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights examines experiences of more than 10,500 Muslim immigrants and descendants of Muslim immigrants in 15 EU Member States. In addition to discrimination, it explores issues such as citizenship, trust, tolerance, harassment and hate crime.
The publication provides insights into the experiences and perceptions of EU’s second largest religious group. For example, the majority of first and second-generation Muslim immigrants feel attached to the country they live in, trust its institutions and are comfortable interacting with people of different religious or ethnic backgrounds. In addition, compared to 10 years ago, the proportion of Muslim respondents who experience discrimination remains high (one in three), especially when looking for work. Hate-motivated physical violence and harassment also persists: half of the respondents suffered six or more incidents during the preceding year.
Other key findings:
- Visible religious symbols and clothing resulted in one in three Muslim respondents experiencing discrimination, harassment or police stops; rates were lower for those who did not wear traditional or religious clothing.
- Individuals’ names, skin colour or physical appearance prompted discrimination against about half of the respondents when looking for housing, work or receiving healthcare.
- Only one out of 10 reported their most recent incident of harassment motivated by hatred to either the police or other organisations. Only four out of 100 reported it to an equality body, human rights institution or ombuds institution.