IOM World Migration Report 2020
The International Organization for Migration has published its World Migration Report 2020, covering events up to June 2019. The first part of the report examines data and information on migration and migrants, providing statistics and analysing migration patterns around the world. The second part looks at specific issues in migration, including social inclusion, migrant health, migrant children, climate change and migration and the global governance of migration.
Key findings on migrant social inclusion
- When it comes to migrant inclusion, different policy areas are closely interdependent; outcomes in one policy area will likely impact others. Inclusion policies should therefore be holistic.
- More restrictive policies (e.g., high language requirements for entry) have the risk of being counterproductive, especially when used for migration management purposes.
- Local-level actors play an important role in inclusion. This role should be strengthened when developing and evaluating national policies.
- Good health is a prerequisite for a smooth integration process. Investing in migrant healthcare therefore has a major positive impact on overall economic and social outcomes.
In addition, Chapter 5 of the report reflects on the economic, social and cultural contributions of migrants, in both destination countries and countries of origin, against the backdrop of an increasingly polarised and politicised discourse on migration.