Immigrant integration indicators in Portugal. 2016 Statistical Report (Unofficial translation)
Indicadores de integração de imigrantes. Relatório Estatístico Anual 2016 (Original language title)
This 2016 edition of the Portuguese annual statistical report provides an overview of the integration of immigrants in Portugal. It is based on a wide range of 2013 and 2014 data obtained from official sources, including the Aliens and Borders Office.
The authors highlights the following main trends:
- Indicators continue to show a positive contributions of immigrants to the Portuguese demographics, mostly through the number of births: 9% of the country's total, while foreigners only represented 3.8% of the total resident population in 2014.
- Some recovery in the relative importance of residence permits for subordinate jobs, which represented 5% in 2013 and 6.2% in 2014. A significant increase in residence permits for self-employment, research activity and highly skilled jobs is also noted.
- The foreign population is over-represented in some professional groups. In 2014, 52% of foreign employees worked in the construction, industry and transport sector, whereas only 38% of the Portuguese workers were employed in those areas.
- Between 2000 and the 2013/2014, an improvement in school performances of foreign students in primary and secondary education was recorded. While the number of foreign employees holding medium-high education levels increased by 33% in 2014 compared to 2004, that of foreign workers with qualifications ≤ the second cycle of basic education decreased by 48%.
- Between 2012 and 2014, foreign employers growth rate was positive (+3.8%), whereas the Portuguese one was negative (-0.2%).
- Disparities concerning the average base salaries persist. In 2014, foreign workers' remuneration was 8% lower than the majority of the country's workers.
- At the end of 2014, Job Centres registered 27,815 unemployed foreign citizens, showing a decrease of -33% compared to 2012.
- In 2013/2014, the social benefits/contribution balance of foreign citizens to the Portuguese social security system remains very positive, with a financial balance of +273.5 million euros in 2013 and +309.2 million in 2014.
- A significant decrease of the rejection rate for naturalisation applications: from 30% between 2001 and 2006 to 5.7% during the period 2007-2014, when 310,693 persons were naturalised.
- Foreigners continue to be underrepresented in the electoral census. In 2014, only 13.1% of third-country nationals holding political rights were actually registered.