2018 Integration Report (the Netherlands) (Unofficial translation)
2018 Jaarrapport Integratie (Original language title)
Every two years, Statistics Netherlands compiles an Integration Report at the request of the Ministry of Education Social Affairs and Employment. The 2018 Integration Annual Report shows developments in demography, education, labour, income and benefits, crime, health, and social participation as they relate to migrants in the Netherlands. The report also looks in more detail at specific themes, including relationship and family formation, and the school dropout rate of the second generation.
The Dutch population has grown for the past three years, mainly due to immigration, which accounts for more than three-quarters of the growth. On 1 January 2018, 23% of the Dutch population had a migration background (including second generation), and slightly less than half of this group were born in the Netherlands. Of all the children born in the Netherlands in 2017, about 14% were second generation individuals with a migration background.
Pupils with a Dutch background still have higher achievement when it comes to education. However, the share of pupils with Turkish and Moroccan backgrounds who continue to a preparatory level meant for higher education (HAVO/VWO) is higher than ten years ago. One in five pupils with a Moroccan background went into these preparatory levels in the school year 2005-06. The rate has increased to almost one in three during the school year 2016-17.
Among the children of immigrants (second generation), there are significant improvements compared to their parents when it comes to dependency on social benefits. Working people with a non-western background are more often in flexible employment arrangements than people with a Dutch background. This is especially true for the working second-generation migrant population, 45% of whom have flexible employment. This is related to the young age of this group.
People with a non-western background are, on average, younger than people with a Dutch background. Young people have more contact with friends and less often with neighbours. Almost half of the population carries out volunteer work. People with a Dutch background perform volunteer work more often than people with a migration background.
People with a Turkish, Moroccan, Surinamese, or Antillean background report less often that their health is good or very good compared to people with a Dutch background, but there is improvement in outcomes for the second generation. After correcting for age differences, it appears that healthcare costs for people with a non-western background are 14 per cent higher than for persons with a Dutch background.