2017 Annual Report on the Labour Market Situation of Immigrants in Italy
GLI STRANIERI NEL MERCATO DEL LAVORO IN ITALIA (Original language title)
The 7th edition of the Annual Report on the Labour Market Situation of Migrant Workers in Italy provides a detailed overview of the recent dynamics in the economical inclusion of migrants, both EU and non-EU nationals. In accordance with the an increase of the total number of people in employment by +1.2 % in 2016, the new data indicate a consolidation of the growth of migrant employment rates: +2.4% for EU and +1.4% for non-EU workers. The unemployment rate among the foreign population consequently continued to fall after the peak observed in 2013 (17.9%). It was 16% in 2016. However, looking at more qualitative aspects, the situation remains unchanged: the labour market situation of immigrants in Italy therefore remain largely characterised by over-qualification and segmentation.
In particular, migrant workers – and particularly non-EU nationals – remain concentrated in the lowest occupational positions: around 80 % are employed in "blue-collar" occupations. Though nearly 21% of workers in unskilled or low-skilled positions hold a degree. White-collar migrant profiles still have a limited presence among managerial roles: only 0.9% hold executive level or higher positions. Besides, there is an increasing presence of migrant workers in some specific sectors, such as agricultural (16.6% of the total workforce, approximately 3 times the incidence recorded ten years earlier), in the retail (from 3.7% in 2007 to 7.2% in 2016) and in services, largely personal and domestic activities (from 5.9% in 2007 to 10.7% in 2016).
For the first time, the 2017 edition of the Report also provides important insights into more subjective aspects of the labour market experience of immigrants in Italy; on the basis of a newly introduced section on job satisfaction in the periodical labour force survey conducted by the Italian National Institute for Statistics. The results point to a significantly lower level of satisfaction among migrant workers compared to Italian workers. 41.3% of non-EU workers and 48.5% of EU workers declared a high level of satisfaction compared to 54.8% of Italian workers. The overall dissatisfaction are related to occupational mobility, remuneration, career development and professional qualifications: only 23.4 percent of non-EU nationals are "highly satisfied" about their salary, against 30.4% of Italians and 29.3% of EU citizens. Non-EU nationals indeed earn 25.2% than nationals.