Europäische Webseite für Integration - Europäische Kommission

Navigation path

Elections for Members of European Parliament (MEPs) are being held on May 23 through 26! For this occasion, the European Web Site on Integration is publishing a series on what national political parties are saying about migrant and refugee integration in the EU.

Voters in Spain will elect 54 MEPs to the European Parliament. In their programmes for these elections, the Spanish political parties generally made brief proposals on the integration of migrants and refugees. However, the parties on the left (Unidos Podemos and Ahora República) make significantly more detailed proposals on diversity and integration.

The elected MEPs are likely to come from:

  • Spanish Socialists’ Party (PSOE)
  • People’s Party (Partido Popular – PP)
  • Citizens (C’s)
  • We Can (Unidos Podemos – UP)
  • Alliance Republics Now (Ahora República – AR)
  • Vox

Some projections also give one seat to Together for Catalonia (JuntsxCat), the Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) and Coalition for a Solidarity Europe (CpE). The PSOE and C’s are expected to gain seats, while the PP and Unidos Podemos are expected to lose seats.

Vox, the new Spanish far-right party, is expected to win seats for its first time in the European Parliament. During the recent National General elections, Vox earned 24 seats in Congress with 2.6 million votes (10.26% of the total). Experts had expected that the far-right party would push immigration to the centre of the political debate for the European election, but immigration has not been a focal point of the debates in Spain. Indeed, the PP, a traditional conservative party, moderated its message, pivoting to the centre.

In Catalonia, all the political parties agreed not to use unaccompanied foreign minors (MENA) as an electoral tool during the campaign, but different organisations have denounced the parties’ failure to adhere to the agreement. Some young migrants have also accused parties (PP, PSOE and ERC, which is part of the AR coalition) of using them as political weapons.

Four of the main parties discuss the integration of migrants and refugees in their electoral programmes—PSOE, PP, UP and AR. The parties most frequently include statements related to diversity, anti-discrimination, xenophobia, racism and social cohesion.

DIVERSITY & SOCIAL COHESION

Ahora Repúblicas

Original Text

“… és necessari que la UE desenvolupi normativa i mesures interseccionals per atendre les necessitats d’aquelles persones tocades per múltiples discriminacions.” (p. 8)

 

“Apostar per una legislació antidiscriminació consolidada i desbloquejar la directiva sobre igualtat de tracte (encallada des de fa més de deu anys al Consell). Així mateix, fomentar i donar suport als estats membre perquè desenvolupin plans d’acció contra el feixisme, el racisme, la xenofòbia i altres formes discriminació i intolerància.” (p. 51)

 

“Construir, en aliança amb les altres forces democràtiques i acollidores de la UE, una alternativa ideològica perquè la ciutadania europea prengui consciència dels perjudicis que la xenofòbia i el racisme ens poden portar i dels avantatges de viure en societats diverses i cohesionades. L’esquerra no pot comprar el discurs criminalitzador amb les migracions.” (p. 51)

 

“Lluitar perquè la tolerància i el respecte a la diferència també s’apliquin a les minories nacionals i ètniques, religioses i lingüístiques. S’han d’establir mecanismes que defensin els drets d’aquestes minories.” (p. 52)

Unofficial Translation

… it is necessary for the EU to develop norms and intersection measures to meet the needs of those affected by multiple [forms of] discrimination. (p. 8)

 

 

Consolidating anti-discrimination legislation and unblocking the directive on equal treatment (stuck for more than ten years in the Council). Also, encouraging and supporting member states to develop action plans against fascism, racism, xenophobia and other forms of discrimination and intolerance. (p.51)

 

In partnership with the other democratic and cohesive forces of the EU, building an ideological alternative that rise awareness among European citizens about both the risks that xenophobia and racism can bring about and the benefits of living in diverse and cohesive societies. The Left cannot buy the discourse criminalising migration. (p. 51)

 

Fighting for tolerance and respect for difference being applied to national, ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities. Mechanisms to defend the rights of these minorities must be established. (p. 52)

Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party (PSOE)

Original Text

“El PSOE se compromete, asimismo, a luchar contra toda forma de discriminación con base racial, nacional, étnica o confesional, con el objetivo de conformar una sociedad europea abierta, laica, crecientemente mestiza, multinacional, multiétnica, intercultural y multiconfesional. Las iniciativas de concienciación y educación de la ciudadanía constituyen una herramienta esencial…” (p.16)

Unofficial Translation

The PSOE is committed to fighting against all forms of discrimination on a racial, national, ethnic or religious basis, with the aim of creating an open, secular, increasingly mixed, multinational, multiethnic, intercultural and multireligious European society. Initiatives of education and of raising public awareness represent an essential tool for this purpose… (p.16)

Unidos Podemos

Original Text

“Europa sin odio. Se impulsará una directiva con medidas integrales para para la erradicación del discurso y los delitos de odio misógino, antigitano, antisemita, islamofóbico, xenofóbico, afrofóbico, LGTBIfóbico, en todas sus formas de expresión y en todas las esferas, desde una perspectiva interseccional. Esta directiva incorporará medidas para que la erradicación de tales discriminaciones estén incluidass en los marcos de políticas públicas dirigidos al reconocimiento, acceso y disfrute de los derechos humanos desde una óptica integral.” (p.21)

Unofficial Translation

Europe without hatred. A directive will be promoted with comprehensive measures for the eradication of anti-Roma, antisemitic, Islamophobic, xenophobic, Afrophobic, LGTBI-phobic hate crime and discourse, in all their forms of expression and in all spheres, adopting an intersectional perspective. This directive will incorporate measures so that the eradication of such discrimination will be included in public policy frameworks targeting recognition, access and enjoyment of human rights… (p. 21)

 

Regarding diversity and social cohesion, AR and UP both think that the EU has a role to play.

EU’S ROLE IN INTEGRATION

Ahora Repúblicas

Original Text

“… és necessari que la UE desenvolupi normativa i mesures interseccionals per atendre les necessitats d’aquelles persones tocades per múltiples discriminacions.” (p. 8)

 

“Apostar per una legislació antidiscriminació consolidada i desbloquejar la directiva sobre igualtat de tracte (encallada des de fa més de deu anys al Consell). Així mateix, fomentar i donar suport als estats membre perquè desenvolupin plans d’acció contra el feixisme, el racisme, la xenofòbia i altres formes discriminació i intolerància.”(p. 51)

 

“… augmentar la cooperació entre països i institucions europees per evitar la desaparició de menors no acompanyats.” (p. 14)

 

“Sancionar els estats membres que no compleixin amb els acords i els compromisos en matèria de refugiats o que duguin a terme polítiques o accions que vulnerin els drets humans i posin en risc la integritat de les persones migrades i refugiades.” (p. 14)

 

“El Parlament Europeu no pot ser un altaveu de discursos racistes o que vulnerin els valors fundacionals de la UE. Cal que es creï una comissió d’ètica i de control dels seus membres.” (p. 51)

Unofficial Translation

… it is necessary for the EU to develop norms and intersection measures to meet the needs of those affected by multiple [forms of] discrimination. (p. 8)

 

 

Consolidating anti-discrimination legislation and unblocking the directive on equal treatment (stuck for more than ten years in the Council). Also, encouraging and supporting member states to develop action plans against fascism, racism, xenophobia and other forms of discrimination and intolerance. (p.51)

 

… cooperation between countries and European institutions to prevent the disappearance of unaccompanied minors should be increased. (p. 14)

 

Punishing Member States that do not comply with the agreements and commitments in the field of refugees, or that carry out policies or actions that violate human rights and put at risk the integrity of migrants and refugees. (p. 14)

 

The European Parliament cannot echo racist speeches and discourses that violate the founding values of the EU. It is necessary to create a committee of ethics and control of its members. (p. 51)

Unidos Podemos

Original Text

“Unas políticas migratorias feministas y con enfoque interseccional. La Unión dedicará medidas y recursos a erradicar la discriminación que enfrentan las mujeres y niñas por razón de su género, origen étnico racial, nivel socioeconómico, situación administrativa y lugar de procedencia, entre otras. Impulsará la creación de un fondo para la implementación de una Estrategia Europea de Aplicación del Convenio de Estambul en Migración y Asilo, con un enfoque interseccional de derechos y de género.” (p.38)

Unofficial Translation

Feminist immigration policies and intersectional approach. The Union will dedicate measures and resources to eradicating the discrimination faced by women and girls because of their gender, ethnic origin, socioeconomic status, administrative situation and place of origin, among others. It will promote the creation of a fund for the implementation of a European Strategy for the Execution of the Istanbul Convention on Migration and Asylum, with an intersectional approach to rights and gender. (p.38)

 

In advocating for an intersectional approach to migrant women, UP wants the EU to fund the implementation of a European Strategy to execute the Istanbul Convention on Migration and Asylum.

BUDGET, CAPACITY & RESEARCH

Unidos Podemos

Original Text

“Impulsará la creación de un fondo para la implementación de una Estrategia Europea de Aplicación del Convenio de Estambul en Migración y Asilo, con un enfoque interseccional de derechos y de género.” (p.38)

Unofficial Translation

[The Union] will promote the creation of a fund for the implementation of a European Strategy for the Execution of the Istanbul Convention on Migration and Asylum, with an intersectional approach to rights and gender. (p.38)

 

Both AR and UP dedicate attention to the needs of migrant women and children.

ATTENTION TO VULNERABLE GROUPS

Ahora Repúblicas

Original Text

“L’acollida s’ha de fer protegint els drets de la infància. S’ha d’assegurar que no són detinguts i que tenen un tutor des de la seva arribada. Així mateix, han de tenir accés a l’educació en les mateixes condicions que els nacionals i ha d’augmentar la cooperació entre països i institucions europees per evitar la desaparició de menors no acompanyats.” (p. 14)

 

“Lluitar perquè durant el procés d’arribada a Europa i un cop en territori europeu se segueixin les indicacions de la moció aprovada pel Parlament Europeu el 2016 sobre la situació de les dones refugiades i sol·licitants d’asil a la UE i treballar perquè s’inclogui la perspectiva de gènere en el conjunt de les polítiques d’asil.” (p. 14)

Unofficial Translation

The reception phase has to protect the rights of children. We have to make sure that they are not detained and that they have a tutor upon their arrival. At the same time, they have to be ensured access to education under the same conditions as nationals and cooperation between countries and European institutions to prevent the disappearance of unaccompanied minors should be increased. (p. 14)

 

The motion approved by the European Parliament in 2016 on the situation of refugee women and asylum seekers in the EU should be applied, and the gender perspective should be included in all asylum policies. (p.14)

Unidos Podemos

Original Text

“Transversalidad de las políticas. (…) Al mismo tiempo esas políticas integrales irán acompañadas siempre de un enfoque interseccional que asegure que se atajan las discriminaciones específicas por género, raza o clase.”  (p.37)

 

“Unas políticas migratorias feministas y con enfoque interseccional. La Unión dedicará medidas y recursos a erradicar la discriminación que enfrentan las mujeres y niñas por razón de su género, origen étnico racial, nivel socioeconómico, situación administrativa y lugar de procedencia, entre otras. Impulsará la creación de un fondo para la implementación de una Estrategia Europea de Aplicación del Convenio de Estambul en Migración y Asilo, con un enfoque interseccional de derechos y de género.” (p.38)

 

Garantizar el tratamiento de los niños y jóvenes que migran solos, según la Convención de Derechos del Niño. En el caso de los llamados menores extranjeros no acompañados (MENA), su condición de niños, niñas y adolescentes prevalecerá siempre sobre su estatus migratorio… Asimismo, impulsaremos la armonización de los procedimientos en los países miembros de la Unión Europea a fin de garantizar la autorización de residencia y trabajo a la mayoría de edad de estas personas. (p. 27)

Unofficial Translation

Transversality of policies. (...) At the same time, these comprehensive policies will always be accompanied by an intersectional approach targeting specific discriminations related to gender, race and class. (p. 37)

 

 

Feminist immigration policies and intersectional approach. The Union will dedicate measures and resources to eradicating the discrimination faced by women and girls because of their gender, ethnic origin, socioeconomic status, administrative situation and place of origin, among others. It will promote the creation of a fund for the implementation of a European Strategy for the Execution of the Istanbul Convention on Migration and Asylum, with an intersectional approach to rights and gender. (p.38)

 

Guarantee the treatment of children and young people who migrate alone, according to the Convention on the Rights of the Child. In the case of the so-called unaccompanied foreign minors (MENA), their status as children and adolescents will always prevail over their immigration status… Likewise, we will promote the harmonization of procedures in the member countries of the European Union in order to ensure residence and work permit to these people when reached the age of majority. (p. 27)

 

AR and UP again express similar positions, this time on migrants’ access to health.

HEALTH

Ahora Repúblicas

Original Text

“Lluitar perquè totes les persones migrades, sigui quina sigui la seva situació dministrative, tinguin els seus drets bàsics coberts, sobretot el dret a l’educació I el dret a la salut. El dminis de padró de l’Estat dminist és un bon model per assegurar aquests drets sense tenir en compte la situació dministrative dels individus.” (p. 15)

Unofficial Translation

Fighting for all migrants, regardless of their administrative situation, to have their basic rights covered, especially the right to education and the right to health. The standard system of the Spanish State is a good model to ensure these rights without taking into account the administrative situation of individuals. (p. 15)

Unidos Podemos

Original Text

“Garantía europea de cobertura sanitaria universal. La Unión establecerá medidas para garantizar que todas las personas tengan acceso a una cobertura sanitaria adecuada, al margen de donde vivan, su situación laboral o de cuándo hayan salido de su Estado de origen.” (p. 40)

Unofficial Translation

European guarantee of universal health coverage. The EU will establish measures to ensure that all people have access to adequate health coverage, regardless of where they live, their status of employment or when they have left their country of origin. (p. 40)

 

A notable proposal from PSOE is to promote public education to adapt to European societies to the “new reality” on migration. AR goes further and asks for educational measures to combat xenophobia, as well as the protection of the educational rights of migrants.

EDUCATION

Ahora Repúblicas

Original Text

“Impulsar programes formatius i d’incidència perquè des de la infància s’eduqui en la igualtat, evitant rumors, prejudicis i estereotips com a via per combatre la xenofòbia, el racisme i la LGTBI-fòbia. Promoure des de l’àmbit educatiu valors fonamentals com el respecte, la tolerància i el civisme.” (p. 12)

 

“Prevenir des de la infància els prejudicis, rumors i estereotips com a via per combatre la xenofòbia i el racisme. Promoure el coneixement des de l’àmbit educatiu de valors fonamentals com el respecte a la diferència, la tolerància i el civisme.” (p. 51)

 

“Lluitar perquè totes les persones migrades, sigui quina sigui la seva situació administrativa, tinguin els seus drets bàsics coberts, sobretot el dret a l’educació i el dret a la salut. El sistema de padró de l’Estat espanyol és un bon model per assegurar aquests drets sense tenir en compte la situació administrativa dels individus.” (p. 15)

Unofficial Translation

Promoting training and advocacy programmes so that children are educated in equality, avoiding rumours, prejudices and stereotypes as a way to combat xenophobia, racism and LGBT-phobia. In the educational sphere, promoting fundamental values such as respect, tolerance and civility. (p.12)

 

 

Preventing prejudices, rumors and stereotypes from childhood as a way to combat xenophobia and racism. In the field of education, promoting the knowledge of fundamental values such as respect for difference, tolerance and civility. (p. 51)

 

Fighting for all migrants, regardless of their administrative situation, to have their basic rights covered, especially the right to education and the right to health. The standard system of the Spanish State is a good model to ensure these rights without taking into account the administrative situation of individuals. (p. 15)

Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party (PSOE)

Original Text

Es necesaria “la articulación de flujos regulares de inmigración y políticas de integración en las sociedades de acogida, especialmente a través de la educación y la concienciación ciudadana, para adaptar las sociedades europeas a la nueva realidad” (p.27)

Unofficial Translation

[It is necessary to articulate] regular flows of immigration and integration policies in host societies, especially through education and raising public awareness, to adapt European societies to the new reality" (p.27)

 

Both AR and UP emphasise migrant political participation. AR also mentions the importance of family reunification.

RIGHTS & POLITICAL PARTICIPATION

Ahora Repúblicas

Original Text

“Apostar, ‒pel que fa als drets de participació política i tenint en compte que tots els països de la UE tenen models desiguals‒, perquè les persones migrades tinguin dret a vot, almenys en les eleccions europees, en tots els estats membres. Això pot fomentar la seva integració i el seu sentiment de pertinença a la UE.” (p. 16)

 

“Promoure xarxes transfrontereres de les diverses comunitats d’origen perquè tinguin veu a Europa i puguin defensar conjuntament els seus drets.” (p. 16 )

 

“Sancionar els estats membres que no compleixin amb els acords i els compromisos en matèria de refugiats o que duguin a terme polítiques o accions que vulnerin els drets humans i posin en risc la integritat de les persones migrades i refugiades.” (p. 14)

Unofficial Translation

Promoting, […], migrants’ right to vote, at least in the European elections, in all member states. This can foster their integration and their feeling of belonging to the EU. (p. 16)

 

 

 

Promoting cross-border networks of different communities of origin so that they have a voice in Europe and can jointly defend their rights. (p. 16)

 

 

Punishing Member States that do not comply with the agreements and commitments in the field of refugees or that carry out policies or actions that violate human rights and put at risk the integrity of migrants and refugees. (p. 14)

Unidos Podemos

Original Text

“Democracia es igualdad. La democracia se basa en la igualdad efectiva de todas las personas para participar políticamente y en que, por lo tanto, el género, la clase social, la raza, el origen o cualquier otro factor de discriminación no implique ninguna disminución de su capacidad política.” (p. 7)

 

“Enfoque de derechos. Las políticas públicas migratorias y de asilo deben estar orientadas a favorecer la equiparación de derechos entre todas las personas que viven y se mueven por un territorio. Para ello debemos establecer mecanismos que permitan la exigibilidad de los derechos en esta materia y garantizar un respeto ejemplar de los Derechos Humanos y del Derecho Internacional.” (p. 36)

 

“El acceso a derechos y deberes no debe basarse en la nacionalidad, sino en la condición de persona y su derecho a migrar, es decir, a determinar con libertad su lugar de residencia.” (p. 37)

Unofficial Translation

Democracy is equality. Democracy is based on the effective equality of political participation for all the people and, thus, on the fact that gender, class, race, origin or any other factor of discrimination does not imply any reduction of their political capacity. (p. 7)

 

Approach on rights. Migration and asylum policies should be oriented to favour the equalisation of rights among all people who live in and move through a territory. For this we must establish mechanisms that allow the enforceability of rights in this area and guarantee an exemplary respect for Human Rights and International Law. (p. 36)

 

 

Access to rights and duties should not be based on nationality, but on the condition of the person and the relative right to migrate, that is, to freely choose the place of residence. (p. 37)

 

FAMILY REUNIFICATION, PERMITS & NATURALISATION

Ahora Repúblicas

Original Text

“Apostar per un sistema de reagrupament familiar més ampli, així com per fomentar que les famílies viatgin directament juntes, com un element clau que pot facilitar la seva integració a la societat d’acollida.” (p. 15)

Unofficial Translation

Promoting a wider family reunification system, as well as to encourage families to travel directly together, as a key element that can facilitate their integration into the host society. (p. 15)

 

Finally, the PP makes a general statement about the necessity for immigrants to integrate, but without elaboration. PSOE mentions immigration as a way to address low birth rates. AR wants to harmonise not just immigration and asylum policies across the EU, but also other migration-related policies like integration and voting rights.

OTHER

Ahora Repúblicas

Original Text

“Avançar cap a una harmonització del sistema d’asil i d’altres polítiques com el dret a vot o les polítiques d’integració, ja que en els últims anys hem vist com hem tendit a una harmonització del control de fronteres, però no de la resta de polítiques migratòries.” (p. 15)

Unofficial Translation

Progressing towards a harmonisation of the asylum system and other policies, such as the right to vote or integration policies, as in recent years we have seen how we have tended to harmonise border control, but not the other migratory policies. p.15

 

Partido Popular

Original Text

“El inmigrante debe asumir los valores europeos y comprometerse a integrarse en la sociedad que le acoge.” (p.7)

Unofficial Translation

"The immigrant must assume European values and commit to integrate into the society that welcomes him." (p. 7)

Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party (PSOE)

Original Text

“Europa, continente envejecido y con bajas tasas de natalidad, necesita de una mayor inmigración, para poder impulsar un crecimiento y prosperidad compartidos en las próximas décadas.” (p.25)

Unofficial Translation

Europe, an aging continent with low birth rates, needs more immigration, in order to promote shared growth and prosperity in the coming decades. (p. 25)

 

See the party programmes: Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party (PSOE), People's Party (Partido Popular), We Can (Unidos Podemos), Alliance Republics Now (Ahora Repúblicas), Vox

The party Citizens (C’s) did not publish a programme for these elections.

Curious about political parties in other EU countries? See the analyses for other Member States.


Read More

Elections for Members of European Parliament (MEPs) are being held on May 23 through 26! For this occasion, the European Web Site on Integration is publishing a series on what national political parties are saying about migrant and refugee integration in the EU.

In their programmes for the European Parliament elections, no Bulgarian political party made any significant mention of the integration of migrants or refugees. Even in general terms, the parties do not indicate that they view migrants as contributing positively to Bulgarian society. Nor do they view migration as a priority at the national level.

However, some of the political parties see migration as a priority at the European level, but their emphasis is on border control, return and readmission and enhancing coordination on migration control at the European level. One party (BSP – Coalition for Bulgaria) mentioned increased EU budget support for countries impacted by migration, but it is unlikely that the party has in mind any significant financial support for integration measures.

Bulgarians will elect 17 MEPs to the European Parliament. The MEPs are likely to come from:

  • GERB (Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria)
  • BSP (Coalition for Bulgaria)
  • DPS (Movement for Rights and Freedoms)
  • IMRO (Bulgarian National Movement)
  • Democratic Bulgaria coalition (Yes Bulgaria, Democrats for Strong Bulgaria and the Greens)
  • Volya

The BSP is expected to gain seats, while the DPS and Bulgaria Uncensored are expected to lose seats. Bulgaria Uncensored won two seats in the 2014 elections but is expected to lose both seats this time.

See the party programmes: GERB (Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria), BSP (Coalition for Bulgaria), DPS (Movement for Rights and Freedoms), IMRO (Bulgarian National Movement), Democratic Bulgaria coalition (Yes Bulgaria, Democrats for Strong Bulgaria and the Greens)

Volya has not published a programme for the elections, though they have published information about their candidates and election-related news.

Curious about political parties in other EU countries? See the analyses for other Member States.


Read More

Elections for Members of European Parliament (MEPs) are being held on May 23 through 26! For this occasion, the European Web Site on Integration is publishing a series on what national political parties are saying about migrant and refugee integration in the EU.

The integration of migrants and refugees has received relatively little attention in the Czech political party programmes for the European Parliament elections. Generally, the issue of migration is approached from the perspective of security, with the parties elaborating on topics like asylum policy, protection of external EU borders and the externalisation of the management of migratory flows.

In the next European Parliament, the Czech Republic will have 21 MEPs. According to a poll carried out from March 16 to May 3 by the Median research agency, the elected MEPs are likely to come from:

  • ANO (Yes)
  • Czech Pirate Party
  • Civic Democratic Party
  • Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia
  • Czech Social Democratic Party
  • TOP09/STAN coalition
  • Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People’s Party
  • Freedom and Direct Democracy

ANO, Czech Pirate Party, Civic Democratic Party and Freedom and Direct Democracy are expected to gain seats compared to the 2014 elections, while the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia, Czech Social Democratic Party, TOP09/STAN coalition and Christian and Democratic Union - Czechoslovak People’s Party are expected to lose seats. The Free Citizens Party, which has one seat in the current parliamentary term, is expected to lose that seat.

One integration-related debate took place during the pre-election period—an integration expert discussion held on 27 March 2019 in Prague. In addition to this, an anti-immigrant rally organised by the Freedom and Direct Democracy party took place in Prague in late April.

The parties generally approach integration issues indirectly. The most commonly addressed integration-related topics are those related to diversity and social cohesion, with two parties—ANO and the Christian and Democratic Union/Czechoslovak People’s Party—stating their opposition to xenophobia, racism and/or discrimination. One party, Freedom and Direct Democracy, explicitly rejects multiculturalism.

DIVERSITY & SOCIAL COHESION

ANO

Original Text

“Taktéž trváme na tom, aby národní úřady rozhodovaly o legální ekonomické migraci kupříkladu v návaznosti na potřeby domácí ekonomiky.”

Unofficial Translation

We refuse to participate in the exaggeration of fear of potential security threats, because this leads to the rise of extremism and xenophobia.

Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People’s Party

Original Text

“… systematický boj s antisemitismem a všemi formami rasismu …”

Unofficial Translation

… constant fight with antisemitism and all forms of racism …

 

Freedom and Direct Democracy

Original Text

“NE pozitivní diskriminaci menšin a podpoře politických neziskových organizací. Evropská unie dotuje znašich peněz mnoho neziskových organizací, které podporují ideologii neomarxismu, genderu a multikulturalismu. Odmítáme pozitivní diskriminaci etnických, náboženských či sexuálních menšin. Pravidla mají platit pro všechny a každý příchozí se musím přizpůsobit hodnotám naší většinové společnosti” (Str. 3)

Unofficial Translation

NO positive discrimination of minorities and support of political NGOs. The EU uses our money to subsidise many NGOs that support neo-marxist, gender and multicultural ideologies. We refuse positive discrimination of ethnic, religious or sexual minorities. Rules must apply for everybody and each newly arrived person must adopt values of our majority society. (Page 3)

 

The Czech Pirate Party wants to fight discrimination in access to health care.

HEALTH

Czech Pirate Party

Text in Czech

“Zákaz (přímé i nepřímé) diskriminace v přístupu ke zdravotní péči, bez ohledu na zdroje dostupné státu.”

Text in English

“No discrimination (direct or indirect) in access to health care, irrespective of the resources available to a state.”

 

The Pirate Party is also the only party to make express demands regarding the rights of asylum seekers. These demands relate to employment and family reunification.

EMPLOYMENT

Czech Pirate Party

Text in Czech

“Evropští Piráti požadují společnou evropskou azylovou politiku, která zavede následující: zajištění svobody usazování v Evropě pro ty, jejichž žádost byla schválena…” [referring to the freedom to pursue work as a self-employed individual in other Member States]

Text in English

“European Pirates demand a common European Asylum Policy that implements the following: ensures freedom of establishment in Europe for those whose application was approved…” [referring to the freedom to pursue work as a self-employed individual in other Member States]

 

FAMILY REUNIFICATION, PERMITS & NATURALISATION

Czech Pirate Party

Text in Czech

“Evropští Piráti požadují společnou evropskou azylovou politiku, která… podpora možnosti opětovného sloučení rodiny nejprve pro ty, jejichž žádost byla schválena.”

Text in English

“European Pirates demand a common European asylum policy that… promotes the possibility of family reunification first for those whose application was approved.”

 

Regarding rights, the Czech Pirate Party and the Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People’s Party both mention the protection of the rights of minorities.

RIGHTS & POLITICAL PARTICIPATION

Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People’s Party

Original Text

“Naše politika je založena na zásadách: … dodržování lidských práv, ochrany práv příslušníků menšin, zachování míru a úsilí o prosazování společného blaha…”

Unofficial Translation

Our policy is based on principles: … adhere to human rights, protect rights of minorities, preserve peace and enforce common good…

 

Czech Pirate Party

Text in Czech

Piráti pevně věří, že všichni lidé musí mít právo na spravedlivé a rovné zacházení. Je nezbytné, aby společnost respektovala práva menšin. Postavíme se proti jakékoli diskriminaci a hnutím, která působí proti lidským právům.

Text in English

Pirates strongly believe that all people must have the right to fair and equal treatment. It is essential that society respects the rights of minorities. We will stand against discrimination of any kind and oppose movements that act against Human Rights.

 

It is worth noting that several parties, such as the Christian and Democratic Union, Communist Party, Freedom and Direct Democracy and ANO, raise concerns about Islamic radicalism in Europe, implicitly indicating that (radicalised) Muslims cannot integrate into European society. However, as these statements do not specifically discuss the issue of integration, they are not part of this analysis.

The Freedom and Direct Democracy party is the most strident in its approach to migration. It wants to cancel European subsidies that support multiculturalism and “mass immigration”.

BUDGET, CAPACITY & RESEARCH

Freedom and Direct Democracy

Original Text

“PODPOŘÍME zrušení evropských dotací na škodlivé nesmysly… Chceme také zabránit tomu,aby eurodotace šly na podporu multikulturalismu, masové imigrace...” (Str. 2)

Unofficial Translation

We support cancelation of European subsidies for harmful nonsense… We want to prevent using euro-subsidies for support of multiculturalism, mass immigration… (Page 3)

 

Only one party mentions the word “integration” explicitly; the Communist Party considers people from neighbouring countries to be capable of integrating “relatively smoothly”, while the problem is “the tens of millions of citizens of Africa and Asia who desire to live in rich Europe”.

OTHER

Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia

Original Text

“[bod] 35: Velké téma migrace zbavit všech zástěrek a předsudků. Evropská unie má dlouholetou zkušenost s přílivem migrantů ze sousedních nečlenských zemí. Blízkost a kulturně historická provázanost umožnily těmto příchozím se relativně bezproblémově integrovat. Problémem není jednotlivec, ale desítky milionů obyvatel Afriky a Asie toužící po životě v bohaté Evropě…”

Unofficial Translation

Point 35: Getting rid of all prejudices in the big issue of migration. The EU has been for a long time experiencing an influx of immigrants from neighbouring non-member countries. This geographic proximity and cultural-historical interconnectedness has allowed newly arrived immigrants from these countries to integrate relatively smoothly. The problem is the tens of millions of citizens of Africa and Asia who desire to live in rich Europe, rather than an individual person.

 

See the party programmes: ANO (Yes), Czech Pirate Party, Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party (KDU-CSL), Civic Democratic Party, Freedom and Direct Democracy, Tradition Responsibility Prosperity – Mayors and Independents (Top09 & STAN coalition), Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (website and document), Czech Social Democratic Party

The Czech Pirate Party signed a common programme for the European Parliament elections along with 12 other national Pirate Parties.

Curious about political parties in other EU countries? See the analyses for other Member States.


Read More

Elections for Members of European Parliament (MEPs) are being held on May 23 through 26! For this occasion, the European Web Site on Integration is publishing a series on what national political parties are saying about migrant and refugee integration in the EU.

Voters in Italy will elect 73 MEPs to the European Parliament. During the election campaigns, the political debate in Italy has mainly focused on national economic issues. Immigration issues, such as border control and EU burden-sharing, are also debated, but integration is hardly discussed and almost absent in the party programmes.

When it comes to the integration of third-country nationals, the parties most frequently mention common values of anti-discrimination and equality, as well as matters related to the budget for integration and the EU's role in integration. The only party that pays detailed attention to the issue of migrant integration, +Europa (More Europe), is not likely to pass the 4% minimum threshold needed to win a seat.

The 73 Italian MEPs are likely to come from Lega Nord (Northern League), Movimento 5 Stelle (5 Star Movement), Partito Democratico (Democratic Party), Forza Italia and Fratelli d’Italia (Brothers of Italy). The two ruling parties in Italy, Lega Nord and Movimento 5 Stelle, are expected to gain seats and become the top parties of these elections, whereas Partito Democratico (the top party in the 2014 elections) and Forza Italia are expected to lose seats. Fratelli d’Italia is likely to enter the European Parliament for the first time.

Of the parties that published programmes for the elections, four parties mention the integration of migrants or refugees in some way. These parties are Movimento 5 Stelle, Partito Democratico, + Europa and Fratelli d’Italia. They most frequently discuss topics related to anti-discrimination and social cohesion, the EU’s role in integration and the budget for integration, which are presented in an interrelated manner, with some statements covering more than one thematic aspect of integration.

DIVERSITY & SOCIAL COHESION

+Europa

Original Text

“Il fenomeno migratorio verso l’Europa deve essere affrontato con gli strumenti del diritto internazionale, investendo nelle politiche d’integrazione, cioè nelle sole politiche che incrementano la coesione sociale, ripensando l’urbanistica e investendo nelle periferie, per superarne il degrado.” (Pag 14)

Unofficial Translation

The instruments to deal with the phenomenon of immigration are international law and the funding of integration policies, which are the only measures increasing social cohesion, new urban planning and investing in suburbs in order to overcome social decline. (Page 14)

Partito Democratico

Original Text

“Lavoreremo per l’adozione di una direttiva orizzontale contro ogni discriminazione per avere un'Europa più accessibile e che offra opportunità e ricchezza. Tutti i Paesi membri devono estendere i diritti e le tutele per tutte le cittadine e i cittadini senza alcuna forma di discriminazione. È inammissibile che la direttiva orizzontale sia bloccata da dieci anni in Consiglio. Saremo sempre al fianco delle associazioni, dei movimenti e dei singoli attivisti impegnati nella difesa, promozione ed estensione dei diritti per la piena uguaglianza tra le persone ovunque in Europa.” (Pag 15)

Unofficial Translation

We will work for the adoption of an EU horizontal directive against all discrimination in order to create a more accessible Europe that can provide opportunities and wealth. All EU member states must extend rights and protections for all citizens without any form of discrimination. It is unacceptable that after 10 years the EU horizontal non-discrimination directive is still blocked. We will go on being on the side of associations, movements and single rights activists involved in the protection, promotion and extension of the rights to ensure the full equality between individuals everywhere in Europe. (Page 15)

 

EU’S ROLE IN INTEGRATION

+Europa

Original Text

“Un welfare e un mercato del lavoro realmente europeo deve farsi carico anche della ripartizione fra Paesi membri dei flussi migratori in arrive … Occorre invece una visione - che muova dall’umanesimo europeo, dal principio di eguaglianza, dalla centralità della persona, dell’individuo, della sua dignità, volontà e libertà - e soprattutto occorre una gestione globale e coordinata del fenomeno. C’è bisogno di un piano europeo. C’è bisogno di più Europa … Deve assumere come europee le competenze necessarie a disciplinare e governare la presenza e l’integrazione, definendo politiche legali e adeguate di collocamento, integrazione, ingresso, circolazione, ricongiungimento, asilo ed espulsione, eguali e integrate in tutti i Paesi membri.” (Pag 14)

Unofficial Translation

In order to be truly European, the welfare system and the labour market have to take over the burden-sharing of immigration influx … It is necessary to adopt a new perspective – ensuing from European humanism, from the principle of equality, from the centrality of the person, of the individual, of self-respect, will and freedom – and especially a global and coordinated governance of the issue. It is necessarily a European plan. We need more Europe … It is necessary to make Europe able to regulate and manage integration, defining appropriate and integrated policies on resettlement, integration, immigration, circulation, family reunification, asylum and expulsion for all European countries. (Page 14)

Partito Democratico

Original Text

“Bisogna arrivare a … la realizzazione di politiche di integrazione a partire del rafforzamento del Fondo Asilo Migrazione e Integrazione.” (Pag 12)

“Lavoreremo per l’adozione di una direttiva orizzontale contro ogni discriminazione per avere un'Europa più accessibile e che offra opportunità e ricchezza.” (Pag 15)

Unofficial Translation

We must achieve [the adoption of] integration policies, starting with the strengthening of the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund. (Page 12)

We will work for the adoption of an EU horizontal directive against all discrimination in order to create a more accessible Europe that can provide opportunities and wealth. (Page 15)

 

BUDGET, CAPACITY & RESEARCH

+Europa

Original Text

Il fenomeno migratorio verso l’Europa deve essere affrontato con gli strumenti del diritto internazionale, investendo nelle politiche d’integrazione, cioè nelle sole politiche che incrementano la coesione sociale, ripensando l’urbanistica e investendo nelle periferie, per superarne il degrado. (Pag 14)

Unofficial Translation

The instruments to deal with the phenomenon of immigration are international law and the funding of integration policies, which are the only measures increasing social cohesion, new urban planning and investing in suburbs in order to overcome social decline. (Page 14)

Partito Democratico

Original Text

“Bisogna arrivare a … la realizzazione di politiche di integrazione a partire del rafforzamento del Fondo Asilo Migrazione e Integrazione.” (Pag 12)

Unofficial Translation

We must achieve [the adoption of] integration policies starting with the strengthening of the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund. (Page 12)

 

While Partito Democratico might be expected to have an overall positive attitude towards migrant integration, the party generally avoids mentioning migrants, choosing instead to make general statements expressing concern about all types of discrimination, though it does specify that the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund should be strengthened. On the other hand, the far-right Fratelli d’Italia is explicit about its desire for an ‘Italians first’ principle in access to social services and for a limit on the number of foreign students in each class.

WELFARE & BENEFITS

Fratelli d’Italia

Original Text

“… vogliamo modificare le norme Europee e introdurre il principio della priorità per gli italiani, nell’accesso ai servizi sociali, agli asili nido, alle case popolari e poter escludere stranieri e comunitari da determinati provvedimenti pubblici di sostegno economico diretto. Riconoscimento della pensione sociale solo a chi ha vissuto e versato i contributi in Italia per almeno 15 anni per fermare il fenomeno dei finti ricongiungimenti familiari fatti solo per ottenere l’assegno sociale a membri della famiglia, nonché verifica dell’effettiva presenza in Italia degli stranieri beneficiari di pensione sociale.” (Pag 13)

Unofficial Translation

… we want to change European rules and introduce the principle according to which Italians come first in access to social services, nurseries, public housing and being able to exclude foreigners and EU migrants from certain measures of financial support. Recognition of social security pensions only for people who have lived and paid taxes and dues in Italy for at least 15 years in order to stop fake family reunifications done to get social security contributions, as well as verification of physical presence in Italy of foreigner recipients of social contributions. (Page 13)

 

EDUCATION

Fratelli d’Italia

Original Text

“Tetto al numero massimo di alunni stranieri nelle classi scolastiche…” (Pag 15)

Unofficial Translation

Cap on the maximum number of foreign students in each class… (Page 15)

 

Fratelli d’Italia also opposes a jus soli approach to naturalisation Europe-wide. Concerning family reunification, the +Europa party wants a more integrated European policy on family reunification.

FAMILY REUNIFICATION, PERMITS & NATURALISATION

+Europa

Original Text

“Deve assumere come europee le competenze necessarie a disciplinare e governare la presenza e l’integrazione, definendo politiche legali e adeguate di … ricongiungimento … eguali e integrate in tutti i Paesi membri.” (Pag 14)

Unofficial Translation

It is necessary to make Europe able to regulate and manage integration, defining appropriate and integrated policies on … family reunification … for all European countries. (Page 14)

Fratelli d’Italia

Original Text

“No allo ‘ius soli’ in Europa.” (Pag 12)

Unofficial Translation

No ‘jus soli’ in Europe. (Page 12)

 

The +Europa party is the only one calling expressly for the protection of the rights and safety of migrants and refugees.

RIGHTS & POLITICAL PARTICIPATION

+Europa

Original Text

Su alcuni temi civili - … dai diritti delle persone detenute, al trattamento dei migranti – l’Italia è stata ripetutamente condannata dalla Corte europea dei diritti dell’uomo, che, pur senza essere un’istituzione dell’Unione, sanziona le violazioni dei diritti fondamentali negli stati membri dell’Ue. (Pag. 13)

È necessario introdurre in tutti gli Stati membri dell’Unione - coerentemente con l’Iniziativa dei Cittadini Europei (ICE) “Welcoming Europe”, che sosteniamo - i meccanismi che permettano ai migranti e ai rifugiati vittime di reati di presentare ricorsi e sporgere denunce alla polizia in modo sicuro, dando piena attuazione a quanto previsto dalle normative UE in materia. (Pag. 14)

Unofficial Translation

On some social issues - … rights of detained persons, treatment of migrants, Italy has repeatedly been condemned by the European Court of Human Rights, which, although not an EU institution, sanctions fundamental rights violations in EU member states. (Page 13)

 

It is necessary that all EU member states adopt instruments allowing migrant and refugee victims of crimes to safely bring complaints and report to the police, fully implementing EU normative, in accordance to the European Citizens’ Initiative “Welcoming Europe”, that we support. (Page 14)

 

In line with its general approach, Movimento 5 Stelle distances itself from sterile discourses, pushing for action, without, however, formulating specific proposals.

OTHER

Movimento 5 Stelle

Original Text

“Basta belle parole e pacche sulle spalle. Contano i fatti. La gestione dei flussi, l’accoglienza, le responsabilità e gli oneri dell’immigrazione devono essere condivisi equamente tra tutti gli Stati Membri.”

Unofficial Translation

Enough with fine words and pats on the back. Facts count. The management of immigration flows, migrant reception, responsibilities and immigration burdens have to be equally shared among all EU member states.

 

See the party programmes: Movimento 5 Stelle (5 Star Movement), Partito Democratico (Democratic Party), Forza Italia, Fratelli d’Italia (Brothers of Italy), +Europa

Lega Nord (Northern League) has not published a programme for these elections.

Curious about political parties in other EU countries? See the analyses for other Member States.


Read More

Elections for Members of European Parliament (MEPs) are being held on May 23 through 26! For this occasion, the European Web Site on Integration is publishing a series on what national political parties are saying about migrant and refugee integration in the EU.

In the next European Parliament, Cyprus will be represented by six MEPs. Three parties, DISY (Center-Right, Conservative), AKEL (Left) and DIKO (Centrist), are expected to elect five out of Cyprus’ six MEPs, keeping the seats they already hold. The sixth seat will be contested by the incumbent EDEK (Social Democrat), ELAM (Nationalist) and the joint ticket of Citizens’ Alliance (Centre-Left) and the Cyprus Greens.

In their party programmes for the European Parliament elections, five parties mentioned the integration of migrants or refugees in some way. These parties were DISY, AKEL, DIKO, EDEK, Citizens’ Alliance-Greens. ELAM did not release a manifesto but is a far-right party with well-known and firm positions in favour of closed borders and measures to minimise migrant inflows.

It is important to note that the majority of declarations and views on migration put forward by the Cypriot political parties in their programmes and written statements mainly focus on addressing migrant flows rather than on measures and steps to support integration. A common feature among the parties is that they support the introduction of EU policies on migration in support of first-entry member states and want a balanced responsibility between EU states. As a result, references and proposals on integration were fairly limited to general statements without concrete suggestions or approaches.  

The parties most frequently mention the EU’s role on integration as an issue in the elections. While the parties make very broad statements advocating for greater EU support in dealing with migration, it is likely that such support would include various measures and resources relevant to integration.

EU’S ROLE IN INTEGRATION

DIKO

Original Text

“Θα διεκδικήσουμε πρόσθετα κονδύλια για διαχείριση του μεταναστευτικού ζητήματος στις χώρες της νότιας Ευρώπης.” (Page 5)

Unofficial Translation

We will fight for additional funds to be allocated to southern European states to better address the issue of migration. (Page 5)

DISY

Original Text

“Η Κύπρος σήμερα αλλά και τα τελευταία χρόνια έχει δυσανάλογα πολύ μεγαλύτερες μεταναστευτικές ροές σε σχέση με το μέγεθος της χώρας μας και με τον πληθυσμό μας. Και χρειάζεται να ζητήσουμε και να πάρουμε στήριξη από την Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση για αυτή.” (Page 13)

Unofficial Translation

Cyprus is receiving, today and in the past few years, disproportionately large, compared to its size and population, flows of migrants. We need to ask for support from the European Union to address that. (Page 13)

EDEK

Original Text

“Διαμόρφωση ενιαίας πολιτικής για τις μεταναστευτικές και προσφυγικές ροές και μεγαλύτερη οικονομική στήριξη των χωρών εισδοχής.”

Unofficial Translation

Formulate a common policy for migration and refugee flows and offer greater financial assistance to the Member States of first entry.

 

EDEK proposes the introduction of preparatory classes to non-Greek speaking students entering Cyprus’ educational system and specifically mentions Greek language learning.

EDUCATION

EDEK

Original Text

“Δημιουργία τμημάτων υποδοχής για τους αλλόγλωσσους μαθητές (εκμάθηση της Ελληνικής γλώσσας).”

Unofficial Translation

Develop preparatory/reception classes for non-Greek speaking students (to learn Greek)

 

LANGUAGE

EDEK

Original Text

“Δημιουργία τμημάτων υποδοχής για τους αλλόγλωσσους μαθητές (εκμάθηση της Ελληνικής γλώσσας).”

Unofficial Translation

Develop preparatory/reception classes for non-Greek speaking students (to learn Greek)

 

AKEL expresses its support for an open, multicultural society that is free of discrimination.

DIVERSITY & SOCIAL COHESION

AKEL

Original Text

“ΑΚΕΛ είναι η δύναμη που εκφράζει και θέλει να εκφράζει τους εργαζόμενους, τη νεολαία, τον απλό άνθρωπο, την κοινωνία και τις εύλογες ανάγκες της.  Όσους και όσες πιστεύουν στις ανοικτές πολυπολιτισμικές κοινωνίες χωρίς διακρίσεις, στην ισότητα των φύλων, στις δημοκρατικές ελευθερίες και τα ατομικά δικαιώματα, στην ειρήνη και την αλληλεγγύη.”

Unofficial Translation

AKEL is a force that expresses and wishes to express the workers, the youth, the society and its needs. Those who believe in open, multicultural societies free of any form of discrimination, in gender equality, civil liberties and human rights and in peace and solidarity.

 

See the party programmes: DISY, AKEL, DIKO, EDEK, joint ticket of Citizens’ Alliance (Centre-Left) and the Cyprus Greens.

ELAM did not publish a programme for these elections.

Curious about political parties in other EU countries? See the analyses for other Member States.


Read More


Mehr