The EU policy for Europe’s outermost regions focuses on improving accessibility, increasing competitiveness and strengthening regional integration. As part of its strategy for a 'stronger and renewed partnership with the EU's outermost regions' from 2017, the European Commission sets out a list of concrete actions to foster blue growth:
By the Commission
By member states
By the outermost regions
Despite being located thousands of kilometres from the European continent, the EU's 9 outermost regions are an integral part of the Union
Located on shipping routes or straits, the outermost regions occupy an important position for trade, and play a role in monitoring nearby waters (to combat illegal fishing, piracy or drug trafficking) and in improving transport security (e.g. oil transport in the Caribbean). Coastal tourism is an important economic activity in most regions. They also have important fishery resources, and some offer good opportunities for aquaculture. Finally, with their specific marine resources (e.g. deep-sea hydrothermal springs, tropical ecosystems), outermost regions are an ideal location to carry out research into blue biotechnologies, and given their climatic and geographic characteristics they have potential for marine renewable energy (e.g. offshore wind energy, wave energy, or ocean thermal energy).
The outermost regions face the following difficulties in terms of sustainable and harmonious development:
These conditions require particular attention, when promoting sustainable, economic development.
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