Maritime Affairs

Facts and figures

Facts and figures

Facts and figures

Some general facts

  • 23 out of 28 EU countries have a coastline.
  • The EU's coastline is 7 times as long as the US' and 4 times as long as Russia's.
  • The EU's maritime regions are home to almost half its population and account for almost half its GDP.
  • In terms of surface area, there is more sea than land under the jurisdiction of EU countries.
  • Including its outlying regions, the EU has the world’s largest maritime territory.

European Atlas of the Seas

The European Atlas of the Seas provides direct access to information about European seas (available in English, German and French). The maps cover 8 main themes:

  • Geography
  • Nature – bathing water quality, protected areas, etc.
  • Tourism – museums, aquariums, etc.
  • Security and safety – major oil spills, accident density, etc.
  • People and employment – coastal population, employment in the fishing industry, etc.
  • Transport and energy – shipping for goods and passenger transport, etc.
  • Governance and European policies – fisheries local action groups (FLAGs), regional advisory councils (RACs), etc.
  • Fisheries and aquaculture – fishing quotas, state of fish stocks, fish farms, etc.

Other sources of maritime information on this website

EU Bookshop

What is the blue economy? The maritime economy is often referred to as the ‘blue economy’. It covers all economic activities with a direct or indirect link to the ocean.