Knowledge for policy

Food crises

Recent recurrent or protracted food crises have underscored the need to work on a long-term and systematic approach to building the resilience of vulnerable countries and populations.

In 2012, the European Commission proposed a new policy communication on how EU development and humanitarian aid should be adapted to increase the resilience and reduce the vulnerability of people affected by disasters. The policy builds on the promising results of the European Commission's resilience-boosting initiatives in the Sahel and the Horn of Africa. These flagship initiatives – respectively, AGIR-SAHEL (‘Alliance Globale pour l'Initiative Résilience-Sahel’: global alliance for the Sahel resilience initiative) and SHARE (‘Supporting the Horn of Africa's Resilience’) – are part of the Commission’s response to the drought crises in these regions. They seek to break the vicious cycle of drought, hunger and poverty through sustained coordination between humanitarian and development assistance. Focusing on resilience saves more lives and is more cost effective than relying exclusively on crisis response. It also contributes to poverty reduction – thus boosting the impact of aid and promoting sustainable development.

More recently, the European Commissioners for International Cooperation and Development and for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management, the Director General of FAO and the Executive Director of WFP launched the Global Network for Food Insecurity, Risk Reduction and Food Crises Response -further renamed the Global Network against Food Crises- at the World Humanitarian Summit (WHS) in May 2016 in Istanbul, Turkey. The Global Network against Food Crises is a consensus-building coordination and decision support platform to combat food crises from humanitarian and development perspectives and tackle the root causes of these crises.

Brief me

Situation assessment of the current food crises

  • Two-page brief

These two pages Brief provides the executive summary of the 2019 Global Report on Food Crises

  • Report

Since 2013, the European Commission has worked to develop ways to compare and clarify the results of food security analyses across partners and geographical areas to provide a comprehensive overview of the global food security situation.

Since 2016 these reports are produced under the umbrella of the “Food Security Information Network” (FSIN), an already structured global initiative cosponsored by FAO, WFP and IFPRI.

EC Action


  • This compilation of Countries Factsheets 2017 provides a country-based overview, aimed at facilitating the Directorate General for Development and Cooperation (DG DEVCO) and Delegations to quickly identify a state of vulnerability in a country and supporting them in the prioritization process of programming EU interventions on sustainable agriculture, food security and nutrition sectors. It represents indeed a basic source of background information of the country. Synthesizing information for easy use in the decision-making process guided this work. It’s part of the Joint Research Centre (JRC) strategy for knowledge management in the EU policy formulation cycle. Each fiche is a four-page document with country’s key information on agriculture, development, trade, food and nutrition security and public intervention in the sector