Recent recurrent or protracted food crises have underscored the need to work on a long-term and systematic approach to building the resilience of vulnerable countries and populations.
In 2012, the European Commission proposed a new policy communication on how EU development and humanitarian aid should be adapted to increase the resilience and reduce the vulnerability of people affected by disasters. The policy builds on the promising results of the European Commission's resilience-boosting initiatives in the Sahel and the Horn of Africa. These flagship initiatives – respectively, AGIR-SAHEL (‘Alliance Globale pour l'Initiative Résilience-Sahel’: global alliance for the Sahel resilience initiative) and SHARE (‘Supporting the Horn of Africa's Resilience’) – are part of the Commission’s response to the drought crises in these regions. They seek to break the vicious cycle of drought, hunger and poverty through sustained coordination between humanitarian and development assistance. Focusing on resilience saves more lives and is more cost effective than relying exclusively on crisis response. It also contributes to poverty reduction – thus boosting the impact of aid and promoting sustainable development.
More recently, the European Commissioners for International Cooperation and Development and for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management, the Director General of FAO and the Executive Director of WFP launched the Global Network for Food Insecurity, Risk Reduction and Food Crises Response -further renamed the Global Network against Food Crises- at the World Humanitarian Summit (WHS) in May 2016 in Istanbul, Turkey. The Global Network against Food Crises is a consensus-building coordination and decision support platform to combat food crises from humanitarian and development perspectives and tackle the root causes of these crises.
Situation assessment of the current food crises
These two pages Brief provides the executive summary of the 2019 Global Report on Food Crises