Daphne Toolkit

Violence in Transit

Project Reference Number: 

Violence in Transit



The Project aimed to develop transferable interventions in Street Youth Violence field in areas of transit and flow where there is a high presence of violence-related phenomena: drug dealing, prostitution, homeless people, traffic in human beings victims, urban deviance.

Project objectives were:
1. Increase of knowledge on youth violence in Railway Station Areas (RSA) at European level;

2. Empowering of multi-agency and participating spatial welfare approach in preventing and approaching youth violence and promoting rehabilitation processes through experimental social interventions with young people at risk of being involved in violent acts (as victims and as offenders);

3. Modelling of practices of social interventions in transit areas;

4. Diffusion and transferability of models of intervention to other areas with similar characteristics and facing similar violence-related risks: ports and country borders.


Project activities

The partners' researchers, together with the project coordinator, defined a shared methodology,which allowed each one to adjust its own research work to the needs and particularities of its own intervention areas. Each partner carried out a desk research in order to gather and analyse available relevant material on youth violence and transit areas published in their countries (projects, studies, legislations).

Three national research reports were published in the national languages (Italian, Spanish and Portuguese):

  • The (in)visible Station. Action-research on youth violence and social exclusion in Pescara Railway Station (Italian, 122 pages);
  • Stigmatization, conflicts and violence around the North Station in Barcelona. A ethnographic radiograph (Spanish, 92 pages);
  • Sao Bento, at the heart of the city of Porto. An ethnographic approach to the railway station (Portuguese, 100 pages).

Once the national researches were ended, the partners shared a methodology to produce a Transnational Comparative report "Non-Places are inhabited", which was then created with the participation of the whole project research team.

The implemented activities, such as cinema forum, workshops, seminars, urban art and photographic exhibitions, language learning meetings, provided:

  • a great number of project final beneficiaries with actual spaces, skills, chances to be protagonists of their self-empowerment;

  • the project with very innovative social practices experimented on the field. The partnership analysed and compared the outputs of any activity, and utilized them to produce the model of transferability of such social practices to other contests.

Partners also created a comprehensive model of transferability of the interventions experimented within the project, to other contests, such as other railway stations, ports, metro hub, airports, border areas, airports, border areas. It is contained in the Final Report, titled Modelling Complexity, A working hypothesis to overcome the volatility of actions in deviant areas and situations.



The project website (www.violenceintransit.org ) will be maintained also after the end of the project to allow any interested subject to see project results and download electronic version of the project publication.

Final report can be downloaded both in pdf version from the web site and from iTunes.