Daphne Toolkit

PEAB – Peer Education Against Bullying

Project Reference Number: 

PEAB – Peer Education Against Bullying

The PEAB project focused on peer education as an approach to allow children to develop communicative and behavioural strategies to face peer violence episodes, to look for adults’ support, to acquire consciousness of one’s own aggressiveness or submissiveness and to reflect upon the consequences given behaviours might have on others. Listening to the children and letting them express their feelings and needs was the strategy the project proposed and experimented.

A preliminary survey was carried out among children, parents and teachers, to understand what their needs were with respect to bullying. The most critical items were then chosen as possible contents to be studied in depth with children. The survey was therefore a propaedeutic phase, aimed to orient all the activities to follow.

Children were the direct beneficiaries and actors of the project, as it was them to create the educative materials for their peers. Guided by their teachers and by a team of experts, the children selected the contents they wanted to deal with, chose the material they liked most among different communicative possibilities (painting, movies, cartoons, music….) and created the “messages” for their schoolmates.  Each of the school groups in the 3 countries (Spain, Italy, UK) chose different contents and communication modalities, which were partly affected by their local, social and educative background. Nonetheless, the common working procedures, jointly defined by the project team, guaranteed a European dimension to the project products.

Children’s performances were gathered in a DVD, which acted as a “sensitising” and “preventive” tool used within the schools. The DVDs allowed the audience to empathize easier with all the agents concerned by the phenomenon of bullying.

The project experience, the survey results, the DVD and its content were presented and discussed in different contexts, i.e. with the students during the field work, with the teachers involved in the activities, with the follow-up audience, but also at congresses and at the PEAB final conference. It clearly emerged that involving children in the creation of multimedia tools and promoting discussion and interaction, favours their commitment and better understanding of the psychological and relational dynamics at the basis of bullying. Presenting the DVD in the schools and in other juvenile contexts facilitated the comparison between the proposed scenarios and real life, the self-identification, either by analogy or difference, thus increasing awareness and empathy.