Daphne Toolkit

Intimate partner violence (IPV) - Module for training medical students

Project Reference Number: 
2003-120-Y

Intimate partner violence (IPV) - Module for training medical students

This Daphne Project aimed to develop a training IPV module for future physicians in order to improve their knowledge, reinforce their skills in addressing and dealing efficiently with abused people, to pilot test and to evaluate the effectiveness of the intervention.

Comments

Health care providers constitute a crucial link in identifying symptoms of violence and may play a complex role in breaking the chain of violence. Are health care providers able to recognize the problem hidden behind the door? Are they trained to efficiently approach and deal with the victim of abuse? This project aimed to develop a training IPV module for future physicians in order to improve their knowledge, reinforce their skills in addressing and dealing efficiently with abused people, and to pilot test and to evaluate the effectiveness of the intervention.

The project set out to:
- critically review published references concerning the frequency, underlying causes and health consequences of intimate partner violence;
- assess strengths and weaknesses of existing tools and research methodologies in use in EU countries in capturing the magnitude of the problem separately in women and men;
- develop a short questionnaire to be applied over six-months to patients visiting the Emergency Departments of selected hospitals in the countries participating in the project, to identify physical injuries resulting from intimate partner violence;
- compare the percentage of intimate violence victims identified through this methodology with that derived from the standard notations made by the former EHLASS in the Emergency Departments of the same health setting during the proceeding six months in order to assess the effectiveness of the protocol as well as strengths and weaknesses in identifying possible underestimation of the problem;
- contrast the results of this pilot effort against findings from protocols administrated in other social settings or in better-organized and fully computerized health care systems.

Lessons and ideas

A broadly accepted definition of abuse and the development of national IPV networks are necessary prerequisites in order to assess the magnitude of the IPV phenomenon. Recording IPV cases, IPV training of health care professionals and increasing sensitivity of the general public may lead to the final aim of zero tolerance for Intimate Partner Violence.

Material available

- IPV Educational Material for training medical students (or physicians) on IPV issues (PowerPoint presentations in four languages) (Annex I) Greek, English, Spanish, French;
- Questionnaire for the Evaluation of material –to be completed by IPV experts (Annex II), Feasibility questionnaire (Annex III), Evaluation Questionnaires –to be completed by trainees (Annex V, Effectiveness evaluation;
- “Identity of Organisations” Questionnaire (Annex VI) : Questionnaire intended to collect information about the IPV related organisations;
- Special section (http://www.euroipn.org/daphne_new/select.htm created in CE.RE.PR.I’s website containing a fully detailed description of the Module’s educational material (available in Greek, English, Spanish and French), evaluation questionnaires (available in Greek, English, Spanish) as well as the Final Report of the Project;
- CD-ROM containing a fully detailed description of the Module’s educational material (available in Greek, English, Spanish and French), evaluation questionnaires (available in Greek, English, Spanish) as well as the Final Report of the Project.