EU Science Hub

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Innovation & Entrepreneurship in the Digital Economy

Carbon capture, utilisation and storage

While the share of renewable power generation is increasing, fossil fuels are expected to continue playing an important role in Europe in the short and medium term. CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion in power generation contribute to approximately 30% at EU level. Moreover, process industries like cement, iron and steel, aluminium, pulp and paper, and refineries, have inherent CO2 emissions resulting from raw material conversion.

Quantum technologies

The JRC is studying the implications of the emergence of quantum technologies on European policies. With the goal of giving the European institutions foresight to inform policy decision makers, the JRC is exploring possible areas of intervention to seize on opportunities and to respond to the new realities that the use of quantum technologies could bring along.

European Human Resources Observatory for the Nuclear Energy Sector (EHRO-N)

EHRO-N was established in 2011, in the framework of the EURATOM treaty, to determine the situation of nuclear-educated Human Resources, skills and competences in Europe, assess the trends and suggest policy options for improvement.

Radioactive waste management (E-TraCK-RWM)

Public participation in radioactive waste management (RWM) constitutes the first project of the Energy - Transparency Centre of Knowledge (E-TRACK). Given the legally binding requirements for transparency of the Council Directive 2011/70/EURATOM on spent fuel and radioactive waste, the European Commission considers it useful to provide steady and continuous support in the very near future.

Governance, public sector innovation and social change

Economics of the Digital Single Market

ICT industry and ICT R&D in Europe

ICT-related innovation represents between 17% and 26% of total innovative output in the EU. With its annual R&D expenditure of €27 Bn (2009), the ICT industry represents 17% of total European Business Expenditure in Research and Development (BERD). The Digital Agenda for Europe aims to double both business expenditures in R&D in the ICT economic sector (ICT BERD), and public funding of ICT R&D, from 2007 to 2020.

Economic, environmental and social effects of globalisation

The JRC provides scientific policy support to DG Trade by performing Input-Output analysis oriented to quantify the numbers of jobs and value added in the EU associated to the EU Exports to the world.

Energy - Transparency Centre of Knowledge (E-TRACK)

The 'Energy - Transparency Centre of Knowledge' (E-TRACK) is a joint initiative agreed between the Directorate General for Energy (DG ENER) and the Joint Research Centre (JRC) for the promotion of public participation in the implementation of energy policies. It results from the recognition of the need to offer a reliable source of information on matters relating to energy policy implementation.

 

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