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Ocean Colour: Essential climate variables

In the context of the Copernicus programme, the JRC aims to develop and assessing Climate Data Records (CDR) derived from multiple satellite remote sensing missions. These CDRs are time series of Essential Climate Variables that are derived from optical properties such as the concentration of the phytoplankton pigment chlorophyll-a and sea surface reflectance.

Photovoltaics

Photovoltaic electricity is the renewable energy technology with the largest scope for cost reduction and efficiency gains. It is expected to make a significant contribution to achieving EU's goals for a low carbon energy system. JRC activities include:

European Solar Test Installation

As a European reference laboratory, ESTI validates electrical performance and lifetime of PV devices based on emerging technologies.

Healthcare Quality

Healthcare quality is the extent to which health services provided to individuals and patient populations improve desired health outcomes. Care should be evidence-based and provided in a technically and culturally competent manner with good communication and shared decision making.

Human Exposure

A person is exposed to many environmental factors within his/her local environment: chemical emissions from consumer products (particles, air pollutants), environmental noise, molds etc.. These chemical, physical, and biological factors play an important role in people’s health, especially in the development and progression of disease. Assessing human exposure of individuals or populations to environmental factors is an important component and integral part of human health risk assessment.

Bioinformatics

Developing and running software tools and methods able to organise, store, retrieve and analyse large volumes of biological data is what Bioinformatics is all about.

Food contact materials

What are food contact materials?

Food contact materials comprise all materials and articles that come or are intended to come in contact with food, e.g. food packaging materials, kitchen utensils, tableware and food processing equipment. They can be made of different materials such as plastics, rubber, silicones, metals, ceramics, glass, paper and board, wood, cork, textiles, adhesives, coatings and printing inks.

Nutrition

Eating habits can go a long way towards ensuring good health. Low consumption of fruits, vegetables or fibre, and excess intakes of salt, sugars, and trans and saturated fats are among the top contributors to death and disability caused by non-communicable diseases such as heart disease, diabetes and certain forms of cancer.  

Counterfactual impact evaluation

The JRC's research on counterfactual impact evaluation provides essential insights into whether policy objectives are met and also looks at the resource efficiency of policy, particularly in the areas of employment and economics.

Education and Lifelong Learning

With it's Centre for Research on Education and Lifelong Learning (CRELL), the JRC evaluates and monitors education systems to ensure effective and efficient policy in the area.

Sensitivity analysis, sensitivity auditing and impact assessment

The JRC's work on sensitivity analysis and sensitivity auditing is used to ascertain how model results used in impact assessment and elsewhere depend upon the information fed into them, their structure and underlying assumptions.

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