Healthcare quality

Our work focusses on many aspects of quality including quality assurance and assessment, certification, benchmarking, management and clinical auditing, external assessment, quality and safety, quality improvement, performance measurement, quality monitoring, standardisation in healthcare, as well as the development and evaluation of evidence-based guidelines.

Human exposure

A person is exposed to many environmental factors within his/her local environment: chemical emissions from consumer products (particles, air pollutants), environmental noise, molds etc.. These chemical, physical, and biological factors play an important role in people’s health, especially in the development and progression of disease. Assessing human exposure of individuals or populations to environmental factors is an important component and integral part of human health risk assessment.


Developing and running software tools and methods able to organise, store, retrieve and analyse large volumes of biological data is what Bioinformatics is all about.


Eating habits can go a long way towards ensuring good health. Low consumption of fruits, vegetables or fibre, and excess intakes of salt, sugars, and trans and saturated fats are among the top contributors to death and disability caused by non-communicable diseases such as heart disease, diabetes and certain forms of cancer.  

Counterfactual impact evaluation

The JRC's research on counterfactual impact evaluation provides essential insights into whether policy objectives are met and also looks at the resource efficiency of policy, particularly in the areas of employment and economics.

Education and Lifelong Learning

With it's Centre for Research on Education and Lifelong Learning (CRELL), the JRC evaluates and monitors education systems to ensure effective and efficient policy in the area.

Sensitivity analysis, sensitivity auditing and impact assessment

The JRC's work on sensitivity analysis and sensitivity auditing is used to ascertain how model results used in impact assessment and elsewhere depend upon the information fed into them, their structure and underlying assumptions.

Employability and social inclusion

Since the economic downturn, unemployment is reaching unprecedented levels. According to Eurostat, in July 2013, the unemployment rate in EU28 was 11%, amounting to almost 27 million men and women unemployed. Furthermore, unemployment is hitting more severely some groups such as young people, migrants and people with lower skills. In July 2013, the youth unemployment rate in EU28 was 23,4%. The Employment Pack, Towards a Job Rich Recovery launched in 04/2012 aims at addressing this challenge.

Transport sector economic analysis

Transport plays an important role in today's economy and society and has a large impact on growth and employment. The transport industry directly employs around 10 million people and accounts for about 5% of gross domestic product (GDP). Effective transport systems are fundamental for the European companies' ability to compete in the world economy. Logistics, such as transport and storage, account for 10–15% of the cost of a finished product for European companies.

Integrated sustainability assessments

Sustainability science is a solution-oriented discipline that studies the complex relationship between nature and humankind, conciliating the mutually influenced scientific and social reference paradigms, and covering multi-temporal and spatial scales. The discipline takes a holistic approach so as to capitalise on and integrate sectorial knowledge, methodologies and a variety of epistemic and normative stances towards defining solutions.