EU Science Hub

Territorial Impact Assessment

Territorial Impact Assessment is generically referred to as the procedure (or method) to evaluate the likely impact of policies, programmes and projects on the territory, highlighting the importance of the geographic distribution of consequences and effects and considering the spatial developments in Europe.

Living conditions as well as industrial structures, infrastructure endowment and geographical conditions vary substantially across the EU. EU's cohesion and regional policies are designed to mitigate these differences and ensure that poorer regions have means to address regional challenges. In spite of good progress in convergence across Europe on many parameters, there is still significant dispersion within the EU. Still many policy measures address specific territorial areas or have specific consequences concentrated in certain territories. For example, the reduction of poverty and social exclusion is a common Europe 2020 objective, but the extent of the problem varies a lot across countries and regions.

A spatially uneven problem can lead to an uneven geographical distribution of costs and benefits and a policy measure may produce uneven territorial impacts even where a problem is not necessarily unevenly distributed.

Territorial Impact Assessment contribute to the better understanding of spatial impacts of policies and support the decisional process towards the selection of the best options for European territories (regions, macro-regions, cities and specific geographical areas)

Reference: https://ec.europa.eu/info/files/better-regulation-toolbox-33_en

The KCTP provides access to a wide suite of tools, models and data in support to Territorial Impact Assessment of EU Policies.

The procedure for a Territorial Impact Assessment can be summarised in the following main steps:

  1. Quantification of the issue at stake
  2. Definition of the "Territorial Baseline Scenario"
  3. Evaluation of options and proposals vs. baseline
  4. Involvement of experts and stakeholders