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  1. Reference materials for fuel analysis

    Fuel quality is an important energy issue for industry as well as for citizens. When using fuels in car engines or domestic heating systems consumers need to be sure that the fuel does not cause any malfunction or damage to their equipment. Similarly, con ...

    30 April 2014

  2. Reference materials for environmental analysis

    The protection of the environment is amongst the highest priorities worldwide. The identification of environmental pollution is based on monitoring campaigns that periodically assess the quality of our water, soil and air. The reliability and comparabilit ...

    30 April 2014

  3. Reference materials for GMO analysis

    The use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) as food/feed needs to be authorised in Europe. Food/feed products containing more than 0.9% of GMOs have to be labelled (Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003) This labelling threshold applies for adventiously added ...

    30 April 2014

  4. Reference materials for materials science

    Maintaining and enhancing competitiveness of European companies is a prerequisite for increasing the level of employment in the European Union and to ensure sustained wealth of its citizens. The Europe 2020 strategy recognises this need and proposes measu ...

    30 April 2014

  5. Reference materials for microbiology and pathogens

    The regular occurrence of food borne pathogen related outbreaks in the EU, the ongoing struggle with pathogens in health care and public health as well as the security threat related to the potential misuse of pathogens emphasise the need for an adequate ...

    30 April 2014

  6. Reference materials for nuclear safeguards, safety and security

    Nuclear safety, security and non-proliferation are absolute priorities for the EU, supporting the international initiative on a holistic Safety, Security and Safeguards (“3S”) concept for nuclear energy. The European Commission as guardian of the Treaties ...

    30 April 2014

  7. Road safety: the digital tachograph

    Tiredness and speeding are common causes of accidents among drivers of lorries and  coaches. To address this issue, the digital tachograph became mandatory in 2006 on all newly registered commercial trucks and buses across the EU. Since 2004, the JRC has ...

    30 April 2014

  8. Security for privacy and data protection

    The JRC is carrying out research to assess new and emerging information and communication technologies (ICT) in respect to their impact and associated risks for the European citizen, with the aim to identify ways and measures to protect the citizen agains ...

    30 April 2014

  9. Soil protection

    Soil provides the main foundation for human activity and housing. It is a limited and fragile resource, that Europe's environment policy seeks to protect. Soil data and information are relevant for a number of EU policy areas: food security, agricult ...

    30 April 2014

  10. Space technologies for disaster risk reduction and response

    Measuring and anticipating the effects of future natural hazards is important in order to implement measures to mitigate the effects of disasters. In all phases of crisis management, satellite-derived information plays an essential role as a synoptic, ind ...

    30 April 2014

  11. Standards for wireless services

    The radio spectrum is the key enabler for innovative wireless services, including digital broadband and smart infrastructures (such as future internet, smart grid and intelligent transport systems). As a limited natural resource, the radio spectrum must b ...

    30 April 2014

  12. Standards in construction: the Eurocodes

    The construction and construction products sector is crucial for the European economy, representing approximately 10% of the EU GDP and providing 20 million jobs. Construction also represents a key component in the quality of life of citizens, as they spe ...

    05 May 2014

  13. Earth observation products

    Earth observation has become an essential element in assessing and addressing global challenges. It can provide synoptic overviews which can be used for situation assessment and change detection. The JRC has longstanding expertise in the use of remote sen ...

    30 April 2014

  14. Strengthening transparency in aid: EU Aid Explorer

    The EU is the largest provider of external aid in the world. Article 210 of the Treaty for the Functioning of the EU foresees that the Union and its member states coordinate their policies on development cooperation and consult each other on their aid pro ...

    30 April 2014

  15. Structural materials for nuclear applications

    For the safe long-term operation of current nuclear reactors and the next generation of nuclear power plants, service lives of 60 years are envisaged. In combination with higher burn-up, and high temperatures corrosive coolant environments, this requires ...

    30 April 2014

  16. Sustainability of climate policies

    In addition to carrying out cost analyses, the overall environmental effectiveness of climate change policies, including low-carbon and carbon-free energy technologies investments, must be assessed. The JRC contributes to the EC Flagship Initiatives Resou ...

    30 April 2014

  17. Sustainable management of natural resources in ACP countries

    According to the United Nations, at least 17% of the Earth’s surface waters and 10% of coastal and marine areas should be protected. The current 13 000 protected areas are insufficient to ensure the survival of the Earth’s biodiversity. EU development pol ...

    30 April 2014

  18. Technological accidents triggered by natural disasters

    Natural disasters, such as earthquakes, floods, storms, etc., can damage chemical plants or oil and gas pipelines, causing the release of hazardous materials. These accidents are also called Natech accidents. Currently, there is little knowledge on the dy ...

    30 April 2014

  19. Water biodiversity

    Freshwater ecosystems are among the most degraded and threatened ecosystems at the global scale. Given the likelihood that demand for available water resources in Europe and worldwide will increase in the future, water ecosystem services need to be protec ...

    30 April 2014

  20. Water governance

    Rivers and seas are a common resource for the countries that share their basins. A key example in Europe is the Danube river which is 2 800 km long, passes through 10 countries and receives water from 19 countries. The JRC’s activities focus on assessing ...

    30 April 2014

  21. Farming in the EU

    The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), representing the second largest share of the EU budget, is an evolving policy area. In the two last decades, support to farmers evolved from price support towards direct payment decoupled from production. Further refo ...

    30 April 2014

  22. Energy security, systems and market

    A modern energy infrastructure is crucial for an integrated energy market and to enable the EU to meet its broader climate and energy goals. Europe must modernise and expand its energy network to absorb energy from renewable sources and secure supplies ev ...

    30 April 2014

  23. Food authenticity and quality

    The labeling of food products is essential to inform consumers what kind of products they are buying. EU harmonised rules on food labeling, presentation and advertising aim to protect consumers and facilitate trade inside and outside Europe. Recently an i ...

    30 April 2014

  24. Certified reference materials

    Better healthcare, safer food and a cleaner environment are just some of the ways in which accurate and reliable measurement results enhance our quality of life. The competitiveness of the European economy and the smooth functioning of international trade ...

    30 April 2014

  25. Agricultural technological innovation

    The need for technological development in agriculture to achieve "sustainable intensification" is on the agenda of governments and international bodies. Innovation is also at the centre of the EU2020 strategy. New technologies and their adoption ...

    30 April 2014