We are doing science for policy
The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commission's science and knowledge service which employs scientists to carry out research in order to provide independent scientific advice and support to EU policy.
The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) has published guidance on Good In Vitro Method Practices (GIVIMP) to ensure the reliability and integrity of in vitro data used for the safety assessment of chemicals.
On 11 September 2018, the United Nations released its 2018 report on the State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World.
The second part of the report uses JRC research to establish a link between climate variability, food security and nutrition .
Number of undernourished people on the rise, partly due to climate trends
According to the report, in 2017 the number of undernourished people increased for the second year in a row, to 821 million, after decreasing for more than 10 years previously.
The August edition of the JRC's Anomaly Hotspots of Agricultural Production (ASAP) assessment, which was published today, highlights hotspots in South-East Asia, Central America, the Middle East and parts of Africa.
In particular, heavy rains and storms are affecting the main rice crop in South East Asia, while Central America’s Dry Corridor countries report significant crop losses due to dry spells.
The assessment shows evidence of delays in rice planting and damage to standing crops during South East Asia’s monsoon season caused by heavy rainfall and storms.
The JRC has published an innovative article proposing, for the first time, the introduction of a biological factor to help better estimate soil loss.
Soil is a hugely important, non-renewable natural resource. It is the basis of all agriculture, and plays a major role in regulating global climate, limiting flooding, ensuring clean water, filtering pollutants and sustaining biodiversity. It is therefore important to protect it, and avoid soil loss at all costs.