Search

How to create queries in the free text search:

  • Add double quotes around a group of words to search for pages containing that group (e.g. "fuel cells")
  • AND (or &&):  wind AND "solar panels" returns pages containing both "wind" and "solar panels".
  • OR (or a space): wind "solar panels" returns pages containing wind or "solar panels".
  • NOT (or !): solar NOT "solar panels" returns pages containing solar but not "solar panels".
  • Use the various filters (left column) to refine or reset your search.
  1. Rural development

    Rural areas in the EU represent, according to a standard definition, 91 % of the territory and 56 % of the population. Many of these rural areas face significant environmental and socio-economic challenges. Agricultural practices put pressure on the rural ...

    30 April 2014

  2. Learning and Skills for the Digital Era

    Learning and skills are key contributors to society and the economy. As modern societies and economies are changing due to, amongst others, globalisation and technological progress, a fundamental transformation of education and training (E&T) througho ...

    07 June 2016

  3. Industrial research and innovation

    Compared to main competitors like the US and Japan, Europe under-invests in its knowledge foundations, with a major gap in business R&D.  To overcome this gap, the EU has set the target of spending 3% of its GDP on R&D by 2020, with a major contri ...

    30 April 2014

  4. Digital Earth

    Digital Earth is a concept of an interactive digital replica of the entire planet that can facilitate a shared understanding of the multiple relationships between the physical and natural environments and society. To do so, it needs to be accessible globa ...

    30 April 2014

  5. Agricultural markets and international trade

    The EU is the first trader in agricultural products of the world, both in terms of exports and imports. Agricultural trade helps to answer possible food production shortages due to climatic or other reasons. Ultimately, it contributes to the prosperity of ...

    19 January 2015

  6. Agricultural technological innovation

    The need for technological development in agriculture to achieve "sustainable intensification" is on the agenda of governments and international bodies. Innovation is also at the centre of the EU2020 strategy. New technologies and their adoption ...

    30 April 2014

  7. Global food security

    According to the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) by effect of demographic growth and changes in diets and incomes, demand for food is likely to grow by 70% until 2050. The current outlook of increasing global demand is mirrored by considerable unc ...

    30 April 2014

  8. Energy sector economic analysis

    People’s well-being, industrial competitiveness and the overall functioning of society are dependent on safe, secure, sustainable and affordable energy. The energy sector, covering extraction, production and distribution directly employs in the EU about 1 ...

    04 February 2015

  9. Certified reference materials

    Better healthcare, safer food and a cleaner environment are just some of the ways in which accurate and reliable measurement results enhance our quality of life. The competitiveness of the European economy and the smooth functioning of international trade ...

    30 April 2014

  10. Food authenticity and quality

    The labeling of food products is essential to inform consumers what kind of products they are buying. EU harmonised rules on food labeling, presentation and advertising aim to protect consumers and facilitate trade inside and outside Europe. Recently an i ...

    30 April 2014

  11. Energy security, systems and market

    A modern energy infrastructure is crucial for an integrated energy market and to enable the EU to meet its broader climate and energy goals. Europe must modernise and expand its energy network to absorb energy from renewable sources and secure supplies ev ...

    30 April 2014

  12. Farming in the EU

    The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), representing the second largest share of the EU budget, is an evolving policy area. In the two last decades, support to farmers evolved from price support towards direct payment decoupled from production. Further refo ...

    30 April 2014

  13. Emergency support – international data and information exchange systems

    During the early phase of a large-scale accident with release of radioactivity to the atmosphere, it is essential to notify and inform competent authorities as early and extensively as possible. To implement Council Decision 87/600, the European Commissio ...

    01 September 2015

  14. Water governance

    Rivers and seas are a common resource for the countries that share their basins. A key example in Europe is the Danube river which is 2 800 km long, passes through 10 countries and receives water from 19 countries. The JRC’s activities focus on assessing ...

    02 September 2015

  15. Water biodiversity

    Freshwater ecosystems are among the most degraded and threatened ecosystems at the global scale. Given the likelihood that demand for available water resources in Europe and worldwide will increase in the future, water ecosystem services need to be protec ...

    02 September 2015

  16. Waste and recycling

    Today more than ever, the European Commission is working hard to preserve our limited resources. In 2004, it launched the Thematic Strategy on Prevention and Recycling of Waste. This long-term strategy aims at helping Europe to become a recycling society ...

    02 September 2015

  17. Technological accidents triggered by natural disasters

    Natural disasters, such as earthquakes, floods, storms, etc., can damage chemical plants or oil and gas pipelines, causing the release of hazardous materials. These accidents are also called Natech accidents. Currently, there is little knowledge on the dy ...

    02 September 2015

  18. Sustainable production: best available techniques

    Industrial production processes account for a considerable share of the overall pollution in Europe. The EU has a set of common rules for permitting and controlling industrial installations described in the Industrial Emissions Directive 2010/75/EU (IED). ...

    02 September 2015

  19. Sustainable production and consumption

    Sustainable development stands for meeting the needs of present generations without jeopardizing the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Social, economic and environmental issues are inseparable and interdependent. The EU has mainstream ...

    30 April 2014

  20. Sustainable management of natural resources in ACP countries

    According to the United Nations, at least 17% of the Earth’s surface waters and 10% of coastal and marine areas should be protected. The current 13 000 protected areas are insufficient to ensure the survival of the Earth’s biodiversity. EU development pol ...

    02 September 2015

  21. Sustainability of climate policies

    In addition to carrying out cost analyses, the overall environmental effectiveness of climate change policies, including low-carbon and carbon-free energy technologies investments, must be assessed. The JRC contributes to the EC Flagship Initiatives Resou ...

    02 September 2015

  22. Structural materials for nuclear applications

    For the safe long-term operation of current nuclear reactors and the next generation of nuclear power plants, service lives of 60 years are envisaged. In combination with higher burn-up, and high temperatures corrosive coolant environments, this requires ...

    02 September 2015

  23. Strengthening transparency in aid: EU Aid Explorer

    The EU is the largest provider of external aid in the world. Article 210 of the Treaty for the Functioning of the EU foresees that the Union and its member states coordinate their policies on development cooperation and consult each other on their aid pro ...

    02 September 2015

  24. Earth observation products

    Earth observation has become an essential element in assessing and addressing global challenges. It can provide synoptic overviews which can be used for situation assessment and change detection. The JRC has longstanding expertise in the use of remote sen ...

    30 April 2014

  25. Standards in construction: the Eurocodes

    The construction and construction products sector is crucial for the European economy, representing approximately 10% of the EU GDP and providing 20 million jobs. Construction also represents a key component in the quality of life of citizens, as they spe ...

    02 September 2015