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  1. Nuclear accident modelling

    Since the 90s, the JRC has participated in many experimental and analytical activities in the field of Severe Accidents for Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs). Several experimental facilities were operating during many years within JRC premises (FARO, KROTOS, ST ...

    30 April 2014

  2. Disaster risk management

    Natural and man-made hazards continuously threaten population in Europe and beyond. Managing risks associated with hazards is based on sound policy making in prevention, preparedness, response, and reconstruction activities. The JRC carries out extensive ...

    30 April 2014

  3. Transport sector economic analysis

    Transport plays an important role in today's economy and society and has a large impact on growth and employment. The transport industry directly employs around 10 million people and accounts for about 5% of gross domestic product (GDP). Effective tr ...

    30 April 2014

  4. Employability and social inclusion

    Since the economic downturn, unemployment is reaching unprecedented levels. According to Eurostat, in July 2013, the unemployment rate in EU28 was 11%, amounting to almost 27 million men and women unemployed. Furthermore, unemployment is hitting more seve ...

    15 July 2014

  5. Behaviour and ICT policy

    In the policy area of the information study, behavioural economics studies individuals' interactions with digital technology, or digital behaviour. The term is not new.  It has already been studied by consulting companies seeking to provide an overvi ...

    05 February 2015

  6. Safe mobility for the visually impaired

    The JRC has developed SESAMONET- SEcure and SAfe MObility NETwork- designed to improve ease of movement for visually impaired people. The idea consists in using RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) passive transponders (i.e. microchips) to create a path ...

    25 June 2014

  7. Sensitivity analysis, sensitivity auditing and impact assessment

    Dealing with such uncertainties and multiple scenarios in policy-relevant data is an important challenge for decision making. Since the attention given to the robustness of scientific advice is increasing, the JRC applies sensitivity analysis and sensitiv ...

    25 July 2014

  8. Education and Lifelong Learning

    The policy demand for the monitoring and evaluation of education systems is increasing on an international level. With its Centre for Research on Education and Lifelong Learning (CRELL), established by Council Conclusions in 2005, the JRC supports the Dir ...

    25 July 2014

  9. Counterfactual impact evaluation

    In its simplest form, counterfactual impact evaluation (CIE) is a method of comparison which involves comparing the outcomes of interest of those having benefitted from a policy or programme (the “treated group”) with those of a group similar in all respe ...

    28 July 2014

  10. Nutrition

    Eating habits can go a long way towards ensuring good health. Low consumption of fruits, vegetables or fibre, and excess intakes of salt, sugars, and trans and saturated fats are among the top contributors to death and disability caused by non-communicabl ...

    17 October 2014

  11. Food contact materials

    What are food contact materials? Food contact materials comprise all materials and articles that come or are intended to come in contact with food, e.g. food packaging materials, kitchen utensils, tableware and food processing equipment. They can be made ...

    10 November 2014

  12. Bioinformatics

    Developing and running software tools and methods able to organise, store, retrieve and analyse large volumes of biological data is what Bioinformatics is all about. At the JRC, we apply Bioinformatics to genetic data, i.e. to DNA sequences, for the detec ...

    14 November 2014

  13. Human Exposure

    A person is exposed to many environmental factors within his/her local environment: chemical emissions from consumer products (particles, air pollutants), environmental noise, molds etc.. These chemical, physical, and biological factors play an important ...

    26 November 2014

  14. Photovoltaics

    Photovoltaic electricity is the renewable energy technology with the largest scope for cost reduction and efficiency gains. It is expected to make a significant contribution to achieving EU's goals for a low carbon energy system. JRC activities inclu ...

    04 February 2015

  15. Ecosystems and biodiversity

    As biodiversity is coming under serious pressure, with around one in four species currently threatened with extinction, the European Commission has adopted an ambitious EU Biodiversity Strategy to halt the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services in th ...

    30 April 2014

  16. Coastal and marine environment

    The coastal and marine environment is a major provider of goods and services, such as food, fossil fuels, construction materials, transport and recreation. It also hosts an invaluable biodiversity that forms complex ecosystems which are threatened by huma ...

    30 April 2014

  17. Soil

    Soil is a natural medium composed of mineral particles, organic matter, water, air and living organisms. It is essentially a non-renewable resource which performs many vital functions: food and other biomass production, and storage, filtration and the tra ...

    30 April 2014

  18. Fires

    Forest fires occur regularly all over Europe and it is very likely that the damage they cause will increase in the future. The JRC monitors European forests to continually assess the risk of fires, provide early alerts and provide information on active fi ...

    30 April 2014

  19. Monitoring of climate and climate change

    Coherent greenhouse gas (GHG) emission inventories and projections are needed to help improve the effectiveness of climate policy. The JRC supports long-term GHG monitoring, in particular within the European Integrated Carbon Observation System (ICOS) Inf ...

    30 April 2014

  20. Soil protection

    Soil provides the main foundation for human activity and housing. It is a limited and fragile resource, that Europe's environment policy seeks to protect. Soil data and information are relevant for a number of EU policy areas: food security, agricult ...

    30 April 2014

  21. Sustainable management of natural resources in ACP countries

    According to the United Nations, at least 17% of the Earth’s surface waters and 10% of coastal and marine areas should be protected. The current 13 000 protected areas are insufficient to ensure the survival of the Earth’s biodiversity. EU development pol ...

    30 April 2014

  22. Water biodiversity

    Freshwater ecosystems are among the most degraded and threatened ecosystems at the global scale. Given the likelihood that demand for available water resources in Europe and worldwide will increase in the future, water ecosystem services need to be protec ...

    30 April 2014

  23. Water governance

    Rivers and seas are a common resource for the countries that share their basins. A key example in Europe is the Danube river which is 2 800 km long, passes through 10 countries and receives water from 19 countries. The JRC’s activities focus on assessing ...

    30 April 2014

  24. Renewable energy

    The European Union has set out plans for a new energy strategy based on a more secure, sustainable and low-carbon economy. It has committed itself to achieve at least 27% share of renewables by 2030 with the aim of encouraging private investment in infras ...

    04 February 2015

  25. Clearinghouse

    Operating experience from the 440 nuclear reactors producing electricity worldwide forms a valuable source of information. The European Union has set up a regional network to improve the collecting and implementing of operational experience, called the &q ...

    30 April 2014