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  1. Nuclear safety

    In the area of nuclear safety, the JRC addresses the key science and technology challenges to maintain and improve safety level and competitiveness of fission technologies, covering existing (GenII), evolutionary (GenIII) and advanced/sustainable (GenIV) ...

    30 April 2014

  2. Cybersecurity

    An increasing number of vital services depend on digital systems – commercial transactions, health, safety, security and others that contribute to our general well-being. Disruptions to these systems – through deliberate "cyber" attacks, natural ...

    30 April 2014

  3. Digital living

    Based on their enabling characteristics, ICTs permit all sectors in society to influence the way we live, work and behave. With citizens becoming active participants in the European Knowledge Society and thus being able to consume and produce digital cont ...

    30 April 2014

  4. Consumer products

    Consumers are in daily contact with a variety of products such as cosmetics, kitchenware or textiles. The safety of these is of primary concern for producers and legislators. The European Commission aims at the highest possible level of consumer protectio ...

    30 April 2014

  5. GMOs

    The number of genetically modified crops and the area cultivated with them are steadily increasing worldwide. In the EU, only one GM maize is currently cultivated but many other GMO crops are authorised for food and feed use. However, products derived fro ...

    30 April 2014

  6. Food and feed safety

    Food needs to be nutritious, fresh and above all safe. Consumers should be able to have trust in the products they buy. Recent "food crises" such as dioxins in food and feed, mad cow disease, melamine in milk products, plasticisers in sprot drin ...

    30 April 2014

  7. Nuclear science base for standardisation

    The JRC is mandated to develop the scientific basis for nuclear safety and security. Emphasis is given to research on fundamental properties and behaviour of actinides, structural and nuclear materials. In support of Union standardisation, the JRC is prov ...

    30 April 2014

  8. Accident prevention

    In the last years Europe witnessed a marked increase in the number and severity of both natural and man-made disasters. Single chemical accident releases involving dangerous substances in chemical installations, petrochemical and oil refineries continue t ...

    30 April 2014

  9. Transport safety and security

    The transport industry directly employs around 10 million people and accounts for about 5% of the GDP. The quality and cost of transport services have a major impact on the ability of businesses to compete, on economic growth and the quality of life. Enha ...

    25 June 2014

  10. Regional economic analysis and modelling

    EU regional policy is a broad investment policy in key strategic policy areas. It supports job creation, competitiveness, economic growth, improved quality of life and sustainable development. These investments support the delivery of the Europe 2020 stra ...

    11 March 2015

  11. Employability and social inclusion

    Since the economic downturn, unemployment is reaching unprecedented levels. According to Eurostat, in July 2013, the unemployment rate in EU28 was 11%, amounting to almost 27 million men and women unemployed. Furthermore, unemployment is hitting more seve ...

    15 July 2014

  12. Certified reference materials

    Better healthcare, safer food and a cleaner environment are just some of the ways in which accurate and reliable measurement results enhance our quality of life. The competitiveness of the European economy and the smooth functioning of international trade ...

    30 April 2014

  13. Energy sector economic analysis

    People’s well-being, industrial competitiveness and the overall functioning of society are dependent on safe, secure, sustainable and affordable energy. The energy sector, covering extraction, production and distribution directly employs in the EU about 1 ...

    04 February 2015

  14. Economic, environmental and social effects of globalisation

    EU Exports to the world: effects on employment and income  View all data per country on the interactive map The JRC provides scientific policy support to DG Trade by performing Input-Output analysis oriented to quantify the numbers of jobs and value added ...

    23 June 2015

  15. Sustainable production and consumption

    Sustainable development stands for meeting the needs of present generations without jeopardizing the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Social, economic and environmental issues are inseparable and interdependent. The EU has mainstream ...

    30 April 2014

  16. Agricultural technological innovation

    The need for technological development in agriculture to achieve "sustainable intensification" is on the agenda of governments and international bodies. Innovation is also at the centre of the EU2020 strategy. New technologies and their adoption ...

    30 April 2014

  17. Industrial research and innovation

    Compared to main competitors like the US and Japan, Europe under-invests in its knowledge foundations, with a major gap in business R&D.  To overcome this gap, the EU has set the target of spending 3% of its GDP on R&D by 2020, with a major contri ...

    30 April 2014

  18. Smart specialisation

    ipts_s3p.mp4 The European Commission's Cohesion Policy aims to reduce differences between regions and to ensure growth across Europe. Structural Funds are among its main tools. Its efficient use and management is a crucial factor for many regions in ...

    29 June 2015

  19. Crop yield forecasting

    Crop yield forecasts and crop production estimates are necessary at EU and Member State level to provide the EU’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) decision makers with timely information for rapid decision-making during the growing season. Estimates of cr ...

    30 April 2014

  20. Earth observation

    Earth observation is the gathering of information about planet Earth’s physical, chemical and biological systems via remote sensing technologies, usually involving satellites carrying imaging devices. Earth observation is used to monitor and assess the st ...

    30 April 2014

  21. Environmental monitoring

    Environmental monitoring can be described as a programme of recurring, systematic studies that reveals the state of the environment. The specific aspects of the environment to be studied are determined by environmental objectives and environmental legisla ...

    30 April 2014

  22. Natural and man-made hazards

    Natural and man-made hazards include, for instance, droughts, desertification, floods, fires, earthquakes and dispersion of radioactive gases in the atmosphere.  They have significant social, environmental and economic impacts. The JRC carries out extensi ...

    18 May 2015

  23. Forestry

    35% of the European land area is covered by forests, which represent 25% of the world’s forest resources. Forests provide habitats and nutrients for organisms, modulate hydrologic flow, and help conserve soil resources. They constitute one of the most imp ...

    30 April 2014

  24. Ecosystems and biodiversity

    As biodiversity is coming under serious pressure, with around one in four species currently threatened with extinction, the European Commission has adopted an ambitious EU Biodiversity Strategy to halt the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services in th ...

    30 April 2014

  25. Coastal and marine environment

    The coastal and marine environment is a major provider of goods and services, such as food, fossil fuels, construction materials, transport and recreation. It also hosts an invaluable biodiversity that forms complex ecosystems which are threatened by huma ...

    30 April 2014