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  1. Health and consumer protection

    The JRC provides scientific and technical support to EU policies on food, consumer products, chemicals and public health. With the aim of protecting general interests and health of European citizens, our scientists assess selected consumer products, as we ...

    19 January 2015

  2. Safety and Security

    The JRC provides European policy makers with scientific and technological advice on safety, security and stability within the EU and beyond. Research, analysis and in-house developed tools support EU policies on border security, including maritime borders ...

    19 January 2015

  3. Nutrition

    Eating habits can go a long way towards ensuring good health. Low consumption of fruits, vegetables or fibre, and excess intakes of salt, sugars, and trans and saturated fats are among the top contributors to death and disability caused by non-communicabl ...

    17 October 2014

  4. Food contact materials

    What are food contact materials? Food contact materials comprise all materials and articles that come or are intended to come in contact with food, e.g. food packaging materials, kitchen utensils, tableware and food processing equipment. They can be made ...

    10 November 2014

  5. Bioinformatics

    Developing and running software tools and methods able to organise, store, retrieve and analyse large volumes of biological data is what Bioinformatics is all about. At the JRC, we apply Bioinformatics to genetic data, i.e. to DNA sequences, for the detec ...

    14 November 2014

  6. Human Exposure

    A person is exposed to many environmental factors within his/her local environment: chemical emissions from consumer products (particles, air pollutants), environmental noise, molds etc.. These chemical, physical, and biological factors play an important ...

    26 November 2014

  7. Alternatives to animal testing and safety assessment of chemicals

    Chemical safety assessment has traditionally been based on animal testing but the EU has been promoting for many years the replacement, reduction, and refinement of animal testing. Further it is also considered that traditional risk assessment approaches ...

    30 April 2014

  8. Consumer products

    Consumers are in daily contact with a variety of products such as cosmetics, kitchenware or textiles. The safety of these is of primary concern for producers and legislators. The European Commission aims at the highest possible level of consumer protectio ...

    30 April 2014

  9. Nanotechnology

    Nanotechnology is a key enabling technology and has great potential for addressing societal challenges including energy supply and health care. Nonetheless, the use of nanomaterials also raises safety concerns, which need to be addressed in a Europe-wide ...

    30 April 2014

  10. GMOs

    The number of genetically modified crops and the area cultivated with them are steadily increasing worldwide. In the EU, only one GM maize is currently cultivated but many other GMO crops are authorised for food and feed use. However, products derived fro ...

    30 April 2014

  11. Food and feed safety

    Food needs to be nutritious, fresh and above all safe. Consumers should be able to have trust in the products they buy. Recent "food crises" such as dioxins in food and feed, mad cow disease, melamine in milk products, plasticisers in sprot drin ...

    30 April 2014

  12. Public Health

    Maintaining the highest possible level of public health protection, especially for an ageing population, is a key challenge for Europe in the changing global socio-economic landscape. Effective public health policies need to address a wide variety of comp ...

    30 April 2014

  13. Healthcare Quality

    Healthcare quality is the extent to which health services provided to individuals and patient populations improve desired health outcomes. Care should be evidence-based and provided in a technically and culturally competent manner with good communication ...

    10 December 2014

  14. The certification of different mass fractions of DAS-40278-9 in maize seed powder: ERM®-BF433a,ERM®-BF433b, ERM®-BF433c and ERM®-BF433d

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report describing the production of a set of Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) ERM-BF433a, b, c and d, certified for their DAS-40278-9 mass fractions. The material has been produced following ISO Guide 34:2009.   T ...

    30 April 2014

  15. The impact of analytical quality criteria and data evaluation on the quantification of genetically modified organisms

    Article considering different data evaluation approaches for qPCR raw data from three interlaboratory comparisons and assessing the impact on the mean DNA copy number ratio and its standard deviation. The article discusses the importance of raw data evalu ...

    30 April 2014

  16. From the packet to the pan: keeping harmful chemicals out of your food

    Examples of JRC research making the life of Europe's citizens safer and more secure in the area of food safety. (2009) 2009 Leaflets Health and consumer protection food/feed safety quality chemical IHCP IRMM jrc_leaflet_food_materials_de.pdf jrc_leaf ...

    30 April 2014

  17. From mad cows to melamine: reliable food safety testing

    Examples of JRC research making the life of Europe's citizens safer and more secure in the area of food safety testing. (2009) 2009 Leaflets Health and consumer protection food/feed safety quality IHCP IRMM jrc_leaflet_food_safety_de.pdf jrc_leaflet_ ...

    30 April 2014

  18. Nanotechnology in manufacturing paints for eco-efficient buildings

    The addition of a photocatalyst provides decontamination properties to a paint. It is able of continuously oxidizing both organic and inorganic pollutants and microorganisms under the influence of light. Photocatalytic paints are useful in a wide range of ...

    30 April 2014

  19. Low temperature growth of nanocrystalline and ultrananocrystalline diamond films: A comparison

    In this paper the low temperature deposition of nanocrystalline and ultrananocrystalline diamond (UNCD) films is compared and discussed. NCD films were prepared by hot filament chemical vapor deposition from a 1% CH4/H2 mixture, while microwave plasma che ...

    30 April 2014

  20. Performance Standards and Alternative Assays: Practical Insights From Skin Sensitization

    To encourage the development and validation of alternative toxicity test methods, the effort required for validation of test methods proposed for regulatory purposes should be minimised. Performance standards (PS) facilitate efficient validation by requir ...

    30 April 2014

  21. Cardiovascular effects of the combined exposure to noise and outdoor air pollution: a review

    The combination of noise with other environmental stressors, particularly traffic-related air pollution, has been of growing interest in recent years. Cardiovascular effects are among the most evidence-based physical health outcomes. Moreover, the Europea ...

    30 April 2014

  22. Patient and impatient punishers of free-riders

    Costly punishment of cheaters who contribute little or nothing to a cooperating group has been extensively studied as an effective means to enforce cooperation. The prevailing view is that individuals use punishment to retaliate against transgressions of ...

    30 April 2014

  23. Nanopatterned submicron pores as a shield for nonspecific binding in surface plasmon resonance-based sensing

    We present a novel approach to tackle the most common drawback of using surface plasmon resonance for analyte screening in complex biological matrices? the nonspecific binding to the sensor chip surface. By using a perforated membrane supported by a polym ...

    30 April 2014

  24. Community response to noise: Research in Central, Eastern and South-Eastern Europe and Newly Independent States

    The systems of public complaints on environmental noise were reviewed in seven countries of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE), South-East Europe (SEE) and Newly Independent States (NIS). Public complaints remain an important issue due to variability in pub ...

    30 April 2014

  25. An investigation into the use of computational and in vitro methods for acute systemic toxicity prediction

    We have assessed the abilities of five alternative (non-animal) approaches to predict acute oral toxicity, a toxicological endpoint relevant to multiple pieces of legislation on chemicals and consumer products. In particular, we have investigated four QSA ...

    27 March 2014