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  1. Natural radiation

    In the absence of nuclear accidents with a major release of radioactive material to the environment, the annual dose received by the public at large is almost completely due to exposure to natural radioactivity. In order to provide the public with a more ...

    30 April 2014

  2. Radioactive environmental monitoring

    Monitoring artificial radioactivity in the environment is of utmost importance in order to verify that there is compliance with the Basic Safety Standards (Euratom/96/29 currently being revised) and to monitor tendencies over time. Under the Euratom Treat ...

    30 April 2014

  3. Reference materials for environmental analysis

    The protection of the environment is amongst the highest priorities worldwide. The identification of environmental pollution is based on monitoring campaigns that periodically assess the quality of our water, soil and air. The reliability and comparabilit ...

    30 April 2014

  4. Waste and recycling

    Today more than ever, the European Commission is working hard to preserve our limited resources. In 2004, it launched the Thematic Strategy on Prevention and Recycling of Waste. This long-term strategy aims at helping Europe to become a recycling society ...

    30 April 2014

  5. Sustainable Product Policy

    The JRC supports the implementation of European sustainable product policies such as EU Ecolabel, Green Public Procurement, Eco-design of Energy-Related Products (ErP),and Energy Label. Its main tasks are: providing all technical, economic and environment ...

    30 April 2014

  6. Input-Output economics

    Sustainable production and consumption can only be addressed by giving due consideration to economic, social and environmental variables. Policies and measures oriented to support growth and employment must be compatible with long-term sustainability and ...

    30 May 2015

  7. Ocean Colour: Essential climate variables

    Ocean colour remote sensing primarily aims to derive the spectrum of marine surface reflectance from satellite observations. In turn, marine reflectance can be used to determine inherent optical properties (absorption and back-scattering coefficients) and ...

    20 March 2015

  8. Economic, environmental and social effects of globalisation

    EU Exports to the world: effects on employment and income  View all data per country on the interactive map The JRC provides scientific policy support to DG Trade by performing Input-Output analysis oriented to quantify the numbers of jobs and value added ...

    23 June 2015

  9. Sustainable production and consumption

    Sustainable development stands for meeting the needs of present generations without jeopardizing the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Social, economic and environmental issues are inseparable and interdependent. The EU has mainstream ...

    30 April 2014

  10. Sustainable production: best available techniques

    Industrial production processes account for a considerable share of the overall pollution in Europe. The EU has a set of common rules for permitting and controlling industrial installations described in the Industrial Emissions Directive 2010/75/EU (IED). ...

    30 April 2014

  11. Best environmental management practice

    Organisations of all sizes and kinds have a large scope for improving their environmental performance. With motivations ranging from eco-efficiency to reputation and concerns about the sustainability of their business, many organisations try to reduce the ...

    11 June 2015

  12. Environmental monitoring

    Environmental monitoring can be described as a programme of recurring, systematic studies that reveals the state of the environment. The specific aspects of the environment to be studied are determined by environmental objectives and environmental legisla ...

    30 April 2014

  13. Coastal and marine environment

    The coastal and marine environment is a major provider of goods and services, such as food, fossil fuels, construction materials, transport and recreation. It also hosts an invaluable biodiversity that forms complex ecosystems which are threatened by huma ...

    30 April 2014

  14. The Photovoltaic Industry

    Article providing an overview of the photovoltaic industry. In 2010, the photovoltaic world market almost doubled in terms of production to 23 to 24 GW. The market for installed systems doubled again and values between 16 and 18 GW were reported by variou ...

    30 April 2014

  15. The Photovoltaic Market

    Article providing an overview of the international photovoltaic market. In 2010, the worldwide photovoltaic market more than doubled, driven by major increases in Europe. For 2010 the market volume of newly installed solar photovoltaic electricity systems ...

    30 April 2014

  16. Assessment and modeling of available forest resources in Europe for energy supply

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report presenting the results of the 'Assessment and modeling of available forest resources in Europe for energy supply' project. The project “Assessment and modeling of available forest resources in Europe ...

    30 April 2014

  17. The Congo Basin Forests- State of the Forests 2010

    Book presenting the state of the Congo basin forests in 2010, concerning the deforestation patterns, the trends in forest sustainable management and the threats to biodiversity. The forests of Central Africa are the subject of intense debate worldwide. Th ...

    30 April 2014

  18. Assessing REDD+ performance of countries with low monitoring capacities: the matrix approach

    Article presenting a matrix approach to assessing REDD+ (reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation) performance of countries with low monitoring capacities. Estimating emissions from deforestation and degradation of forests in many deve ...

    30 April 2014

  19. Water retention of salt affected soils: quantitative estimation using soil survey information

    Article presenting a quantative estimation of the water retention of salt affected soils using soil survey information. Soil water retention (SWR) at-0.1,-33,-1500 and-150000 kPa matric potentials and available water content (AWC) were estimated from info ...

    30 April 2014

  20. The obligation of sustainable fisheries management: Review of endured failures and challenges in exploitation of the living sea

    Book chapter reviewing fisheries management towards sustainablity. book chapter review of fisheries management towards sustainablity RAETZ Hans-Joachim 2012 Articles in books Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen Agriculture and food se ...

    30 April 2014

  21. Comparisons of the European carbon footprint (2000–2006) from three different perspectives within a multi-regional framework

    Article presenting the comparisons of the European carbon footprint from three different perspectives within a multi-regional framework for the period 2000-2006. We would expect the levels of carbon dioxide emissions per unit of production in non-European ...

    30 April 2014

  22. Les Forêts du Bassin du Congo- Etat des Forêts 2010 [The Congo Basin forests- State of the Forests 2010]

    Les forêts du bassin du Congo couvrent 200 millions d’hectares au cœur du continent africain. Tout à la fois, elles représentent la ressource quotidienne de 60 millions de personnes, produisent des moyens financiers pour les Etats de la région par l’explo ...

    30 April 2014

  23. Evaluation of the Laboratory Comparison Exercise for SO2, CO, O3, NO and NO2, Langen 23rd-28th October 2011

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report presenting an evaluation of the Laboratory Comparison Exercise for SO 2, CO, O 3, NO and NO 2, carried out by AQUILA (Network of European Air Quality Reference Laboratories) 23- 28 October 2011. From the 23rd t ...

    30 April 2014

  24. Electrodeposition source preparation for 238U alpha source: Parameter settings

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report presenting a study on a series of parameter setings for 238U source preparation optimization for electrodeposition. A literature and experimental study was carried out on 238U source preparation optimization fo ...

    30 April 2014

  25. Global estimates of carbon stock changes in living forest biomass: EDGARv4.3 – time series from 1990 to 2010

    Article presenting estimatations of the the carbon (C) stock changes from living forest biomass for all countries of the world, in order to complete the Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF) sector in Emissions Database for Global Atmospheric Re ...

    30 April 2014