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  1. Sensitivity analysis, sensitivity auditing and impact assessment

    Dealing with such uncertainties and multiple scenarios in policy-relevant data is an important challenge for decision making. Since the attention given to the robustness of scientific advice is increasing, the JRC applies sensitivity analysis and sensitiv ...

    25 July 2014

  2. Counterfactual impact evaluation

    In its simplest form, counterfactual impact evaluation (CIE) is a method of comparison which involves comparing the outcomes of interest of those having benefitted from a policy or programme (the “treated group”) with those of a group similar in all respe ...

    28 July 2014

  3. Economic, environmental and social effects of globalisation

    EU Exports to the world: effects on employment and income  View all data per country on the interactive map The JRC provides scientific policy support to DG Trade by performing Input-Output analysis oriented to quantify the numbers of jobs and value added ...

    23 June 2015

  4. Spatial variation of woody riparian vegetation across the riverbank topographic gradient in Mediterranean rivers: species and growth categories

    The composition and structure of riparian vegetation are linked to the natural hydrological variability and variation of environmental parameters in several spatial scales. The objective of this study is to determine the relationship between the spatial d ...

    21 January 2016

  5. A Sensitivity-Analysis-Based Approach for the Calibration of Traffic Simulation Models

    In this paper, a multi-step sensitivity analysis approach for model calibration is proposed and applied to a complex traffic simulation model with more than one hundred parameters. Throughout this paper it is argued that the application of sensitivity ana ...

    02 July 2014

  6. An Exploratory Study of Two Efficient Approaches for the Sensitivity Analysis of Computationally Expensive Traffic Simulation Models

    One of the main challenges arising when calibrating a complex traffic simulation model concerns the selection of the most important input parameters. The quasi-OTEE and the Kriging-based SA are two recently developed efficient approaches for the Sensitivi ...

    02 July 2014

  7. External Factors Affecting Investment Decisions of Companies

    In this paper we attempt to investigate the importance of certain external factors on the investment decision among Polish companies. With the use of data from the tailored made Survey on Receivables we examine factors influencing investment decisions of ...

    08 July 2014

  8. Quantifying the qualitative: Eliciting expert input to develop the Multidimensional Poverty Assessment Tool

    This article discusses techniques and lessons learned from the participatory development of the Multidimensional Poverty Assessment Tool (MPAT) in China and India in order to contribute to the growing literature on expert elicitation for indicator develop ...

    08 July 2014

  9. Consumer empowerment in Europe: its determinants and the challenges met in measuring it

    Relaying on data from the Special Eurobarometer survey n. 342 launched in 2010 by the European Commission, this paper aims at measuring consumer empowerment at the European level and at portraying the characteristics of empowered consumers. The first obje ...

    08 July 2014

  10. Monitoring multidimensional poverty in the regions of the European Union

    In this study, we measure the area-specific poverty in the European Union (EU). To this end, we measure poverty at the sub-national level in two ways: (i) using the EU nomenclature of territorial units (NUTS 1 mostly); (ii) using different with respect to ...

    24 July 2014

  11. Monitoring multidimensional poverty in the regions of the European Union. Analysis of situation in 2012 and 2007

    In this study, we measure the area-specific poverty in the European Union (EU). To this end, we measure poverty at the sub-national level in two ways: (i) using the EU nomenclature of territorial units (NUTS 1 mostly); (ii) using different with respect to ...

    12 December 2014

  12. EU Exports to the World: Effects on Employment and Income

    For the European Commission a main priority has been to ensure that comprehensive, reliable and comparable economic information is available to support evidence-based policymaking in this regard. As part of such efforts, the DG Joint Research Centre (JRC) ...

    25 June 2015

  13. DataM – Biomass estimates (v3): a new database to quantify biomass availability in the European Union

    In 2012, the Communication of the European Commission "Innovating for Sustainable Growth: A Bioeconomy for Europe" (COM(2012)60) has put the development of the Bioeconomy at the forefront, as a way of reconciling economic growth and the green ec ...

    02 July 2015

  14. Statistical functions and relevant correlation coefficients of clearness index

    This article presents a statistical analysis of the sky conditions, during years from 2010 to 2012, for three different locations: the Joint Research Centre site in Ispra (Italy, European Solar Test Installation – ESTI laboratories), the site of National ...

    25 July 2015

  15. Will China comply with its 2020 carbon intensity commitment?

    At the Conference of the Parties held in Copenhagen in 2009 (COP 15), the Chinese government announced its 2020 commitment to reduce the carbon intensity of the Chinese economy to 40-45% of its 2005 level. A number of analysts have criticized this target, ...

    29 July 2015

  16. Estimating population density distribution from network-based mobile phone data

    In this study we address the problem of leveraging mobile phone network-based data for the task of estimating population density distribution at pan-European level. The primary goal is to develop a methodological framework for the collection and processin ...

    01 August 2015

  17. Computing first-order sensitivity indices with contribution to the sample mean plot

    In this paper, we investigate the use of the Contribution to the Sample Mean plot (CSM plot) as a graphical tool for sensitivity analysis (SA) of computational models. We first provide an exact formula that links, for each uncertain model input Xj, the CS ...

    06 August 2015

  18. Poverty in the regions of the European Union – measurement with a composite indicator

    We measure area-specific human poverty in the European Union (EU) at the second level of the nomenclature of territorial units for statistics (NUTS 2). We construct a regional human poverty index (RHPI), which comprises four dimensions: social exclusion, ...

    11 August 2015

  19. A New Methodology to Assess the Performance and Uncertainty of Source Apportionment Models in Intercomparison Exercises

    A new methodology to assess source apportionment model performance in intercomparison exercises, encompassing the preparation of real-world and synthetic datasets and the evaluation of the source apportionment results reported by participants, is describe ...

    27 August 2015

  20. Probabilistic modelling of security of supply in gas networks and evaluation of new infrastructure

    The paper presents a probabilistic model to study security of supply in a gas network. The model is based on Monte-Carlo simulations with graph theory, and is implemented in the software tool ProGasNet. The software allows studying gas networks in various ...

    02 September 2015

  21. Editorial

    Welcome to the special RESS issue devoted to sensitivity analysis (SA). This special issue contains ten articles which encompass content from presentations given at the international conference on Sensitivity Analysis of Model Output, held in Nice (France ...

    22 September 2015

  22. Automatized Outlier Screening Applied to the AirBase 2001- 2010 NO2 and PM10Time Series. Evaluation of Background Stations from AT, BE, BG, CH, CZ, DE, ES, FI, FR, GB, HU, IT, MK, NL, PL, PT, RO, and SK

    In this report, we present the further development of a screening tool for the automatic recognition of anomalies in air quality monitoring data, which considers both attribute values and spatio-temporal relationships. The screening tool was originally de ...

    23 September 2015

  23. Contributions to cities' ambient particulate matter (PM): A systematic review of local source contributions at global level

    For reducing health impacts from air pollution, it is important to know the sources contributing to human exposure. This study systematically reviewed and analysed available source apportionment studies on particulate matter (of diameter of 10 and 2.5 mic ...

    14 October 2015

  24. Robust Clustering of EU Banking Data

    In this paper we present an application of robust clustering to the European union (EU) banking system. Banks may differ in several aspects, such as size, business activities and geographical location. After the latest financial crisis, it has become of p ...

    16 October 2015

  25. EX-POST EVALUATION OF THE DIRECT ACTIONS OF THE JOINT RESEARCH CENTRE UNDER THE SEVENTH FRAMEWORK PROGRAMMES 2007-2013

    The ex-post evaluation in this report provides the independent assessment requested in the Council Decisions concerning the specific programmes to be carried out by means of direct actions by the Joint Research Centre implementing the Seventh Framework Pr ...

    21 October 2015