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  1. Rural development

    Rural areas in the EU represent, according to a standard definition, 91 % of the territory and 56 % of the population. Many of these rural areas face significant environmental and socio-economic challenges. Agricultural practices put pressure on the rural ...

    30 April 2014

  2. Organic food and sustainable agriculture

    Food scares have increased consumer awareness in all aspects of food safety and quality. As a result, consumers have increasingly expressed preferences with respect to agricultural practices and geographical origin. Policy makers also have recognised the ...

    30 April 2014

  3. Agricultural monitoring

    Agricultural monitoring is carried out at the JRC mainly to distinguish, identify and measure the main crop production areas in Europe, estimate production early in the year and check the validity of farmers’ applications for EU subsidies. The European Co ...

    30 April 2014

  4. Crop yield forecasting

    Crop yield forecasts and crop production estimates are necessary at EU and Member State level to provide the EU’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) decision makers with timely information for rapid decision-making during the growing season. Estimates of cr ...

    30 April 2014

  5. Agricultural biodiversity

    Agricultural land covers almost half of Europe’s territory. Technological development, mechanisation, agro-chemicals and genetic research have led to structural modifications in farming practices and put pressure on the environment, leading to soil deplet ...

    30 April 2014

  6. Farming in the EU

    The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), representing the second largest share of the EU budget, is an evolving policy area. In the two last decades, support to farmers evolved from price support towards direct payment decoupled from production. Further refo ...

    30 April 2014

  7. Agricultural technological innovation

    The need for technological development in agriculture to achieve "sustainable intensification" is on the agenda of governments and international bodies. Innovation is also at the centre of the EU2020 strategy. New technologies and their adoption ...

    30 April 2014

  8. Agricultural markets and international trade

    The EU is the first trader in agricultural products of the world, both in terms of exports and imports. Agricultural trade helps to answer possible food production shortages due to climatic or other reasons. Ultimately, it contributes to the prosperity of ...

    19 January 2015

  9. Water retention of salt affected soils: quantitative estimation using soil survey information

    Article presenting a quantative estimation of the water retention of salt affected soils using soil survey information. Soil water retention (SWR) at-0.1,-33,-1500 and-150000 kPa matric potentials and available water content (AWC) were estimated from info ...

    30 April 2014

  10. The first year of implementation of the LPIS quality assessment in the frame of Comm. Reg. No 1122/2009 art. 6.2

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report presenting the JRC activities and developments of the Land Parcel Identification System (LPIS) quality assurance framework during 2011. This document reports on the JRC activities on and developments of the LPI ...

    30 April 2014

  11. LPIS Quality Assurance Framework- ANNEX III: The concept of land cover and “eligible hectares"

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report describing the concept of the land cover mapping used in the Executable Test Suite (ETS) and the way to express the raw ETS observations (mapped land cover and landscape features) in eligibility terms, using an ...

    30 April 2014

  12. LPIS Quality Assurance Framework- ETS Annex I- LPIS data quality measures, version 5.1

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report containing the definition and comprehensive description of the quality measures of the Land Parcel Identification System (LPIS) data, which provide the necessary and sufficient information to properly evaluate ...

    30 April 2014

  13. Updated common bio-physical criteria to define natural constraints for agriculture in Europe: Definition and scientific justification for the common biophysical criteria

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report providing the scientific and agronomic rationale for bio-physical criteria, identifying natural constraints (soil and climate) to agriculture in EU27. A panel of soil, climate and land evaluation experts review ...

    30 April 2014

  14. 39th Plenary meeting report of the Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (PLEN-12-01)

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report comprising assessments of STECF Expert Working Group reports and additional requests submitted to the STECF by the Commission. Topics dealt with ranged from fisheries economics to management plan evaluation iss ...

    30 April 2014

  15. MARS Bulletin Vol. 20 No. 1

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report detailing the results of the Monitoring Agricultural ResourceS (MARS) Unit Bulletin, Volume 20, No.1. There were milder than usual thermal conditions over most of Europe, providing favourable conditions for the ...

    30 April 2014

  16. MARS Bulletin Vol 20, No 3

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report detailing the results of the Monitoring Agricultural ResourceS (MARS) Unit Bulletin, Volume 20, No.3. third Bulletin 2012 BARUTH Bettina MAIORANO ANDREA VASSILEV Vassil SEGUINI LORENZO NIEMEYER Stefan BETTIO Ma ...

    30 April 2014

  17. MARS Bulletin Vol. 20, No. 4

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report detailing the results of the Monitoring Agricultural ResourceS (MARS) Unit Bulletin, Volume 20, No.4. A very mild but predominantly dry March boosted the start of the season in central and eastern Europe, but h ...

    30 April 2014

  18. EFSA Spatial Data Version 1.1: Data Properties and Processing

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report presenting update to the previous data, referred to as European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) Spatial Data Version 1.1, in the context of submissions of exposure estimates of pesticides in the soil and according ...

    30 April 2014

  19. International workshop on socio-economic impacts of genetically modified crops co-organised by JRC-IPTS and FAO- Workshop proceedings

    This JRC Scientific and Technical report provides proceedings of the “International workshop on socio-economic impacts of genetically modified (GM) crops” which was co-organised by JRC-IPTS and FAO in Seville on 23-24 November 2011. JRC-IPTS has been requ ...

    30 April 2014

  20. JRC Newsletter September 2013

    In this issue: Editorial by Reinhard F. Hüttl, Chairman of Euro-CASE, the umbrella organisation of Academies of Applied Sciences, Technologies and Engineering. Cover story: Keeping a close eye on natural hazards. In the news: the JRC's contribution t ...

    30 April 2014

  21. Risk Management and Agricultural Insurance Schemes in Europe

    Agricultural producers face a series of risks affecting the income and welfare of their households. These are mainly production risks related to weather conditions, pests and diseases, market conditions, liberalization policies, climate change, etc. In re ...

    30 April 2014

  22. Impacts of the EU Biofuel Target on Agricultural Markets and Land Use- A Comparative Modelling Assessment

    The Renewable Energy Directive (2009/28/EC) requires that 20% of the EU's energy needs should come from renewable sources by 2020, and includes a target for the transport sector of 10% from biofuels. This report analyses and discusses the global impa ...

    30 April 2014

  23. Biofuels: a New Methodology to Estimate GHG Emissions Due to Global Land Use Change- A methodology involving spatial allocation of agricultural land demand, calculation of carbon stocks and estimation of N2O emissions

    This study provides a new methodology developed by the JRC IES and IE for estimating changes in soil carbon stocks and GHG emissions resulting from global land use changes caused by the production of biofuels. The first part of this work describes the met ...

    30 April 2014

  24. Coincidence of variation in yield and climate in Europe

    We aimed to characterise the coincidence of yield variations with weather variables for major field crops using long-term datasets and reveal whether there are commonalities across the European agricultural regions. Long-term national and/or regional yiel ...

    30 April 2014

  25. The Distributional Impact of Large Dams: Evidence from Cropland Productivity in Africa

    We examine the distributional impact of large dams on cropland productivity in Africa. As our unit of analysis we use a hydrology based spatial breakdown of the continent that allows one to exactly define regions in terms of their upstream/downstream rela ...

    30 April 2014