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  1. Disaster risk management

    Natural and man-made hazards continuously threaten population in Europe and beyond. Managing risks associated with hazards is based on sound policy making in prevention, preparedness, response, and reconstruction activities. The JRC carries out extensive ...

    30 April 2014

  2. Human Exposure

    A person is exposed to many environmental factors within his/her local environment: chemical emissions from consumer products (particles, air pollutants), environmental noise, molds etc.. These chemical, physical, and biological factors play an important ...

    26 November 2014

  3. Assessing European wild fire vulnerability

    JRC contribution to conferences presenting a first approach to assess wild fire vulnerability at the European level. Wild fire vulnerability is a measure of potential socio-economic damage caused by a fire in a specific area. As such it is an important co ...

    30 April 2014

  4. Alkanes, C14-17, CHLORO Part II Human Health

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research report detailing the results of the Human Health part of the Risk Assessment Report carried out on ALKANES, C14-17, CHLORO (MCCP). This document is the Human Health part of the Risk Assessment Report on ALKANES, C14-1 ...

    30 April 2014

  5. European deposit guarantee schemes: revision of risk based contributions using CDS spreads

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report proposing an alternative model for risk-based contributions based on Credit Default Swap (CDS) spreads.     Deposit Guarantee Schemes (DGS) aim at protecting depositors of all credit institutions against bank f ...

    30 April 2014

  6. Risk assessment methodologies for Critical Infrastructure Protection. Part I: A state of the art

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report addressing effective risk assessment methodologies for a successful Critical Infrastructure Protection programme.   Effective risk assessment methodologies are the cornerstone of a successful Critical Infrastru ...

    30 April 2014

  7. Review of Technological Risk Management in the EU- Example of the European Energy Risks Monitor (ERMON) Project

    After mapping of current European Union regulations on the management of accidental risks related to natural hazards and different industrial activities, this paper discusses insights from past European Commission initiatives on harmonisation of risk asse ...

    30 April 2014

  8. Analysis of the Thermal Fatigue Cracking of 316L Model Pipe Components under Cyclic Down-Shocks

    Cylindrical test pieces of low-carbon austenitic steel 316L are subjected to cyclic thermal loads in a specially designed rig. Intermittent stops allowed measurement of cycles to initiation and of the propagation of the networks of axial and circumferenti ...

    30 April 2014

  9. Proceedings of the JRC/OECD Seminar on Emergency & Risk Zoning around Nuclear Power Plants, JRC-IE Petten (NL), 26-27 April 2005

    The purpose of the EC/JRC-OECD Seminar on Emergency & Risk Zoning around Nuclear Power Plants was to provide a forum for presentation and discussion of status of emergency planning and risk assessment approaches, safety policies as well as current and ...

    30 April 2014

  10. Current Practices for Risk Zoning Around Nuclear Power Plants in Comparison to other Industry Sectors

    This paper analyses the background and current status of the information basis leading to the definition of risk and emergency zones around Nuclear Power Plants in different countries in Europe and beyond. Different practices are analysed and cross-compar ...

    30 April 2014

  11. SMILE: Validation of the Warm-Pre-Stress Effect with a Cylindrical Thick-Walled Specimen

    The assessment of defects in reactor pressure vessel subjected to pressurized thermal shock (PTS) transients do not necessarily consider the beneficial effect of the load history (warm pre-stress, WPS).The SMILE project performed a PTS type transient expe ...

    30 April 2014

  12. Core Loss During a Severe Accident (COLOSS)

    The core loss during a severe accident (COLOSS) project was a 3-year shared-cost action, which started in February 2000. The project is concerned with the consequences that core degradation, occurring under severe accident conditions, may have on H2 produ ...

    30 April 2014

  13. An Intercomparison Exercise on the Capabilities of CFD Models to Predict Deflagration of a Large-Scale H2-Air Mixture in Open Atmosphere

    This paper presents a compilation of the results supplied by HySafe partners participating in the Standard Benchmark Exercise Problem (SBEP) V2, which is based on an experiment on hydrogen combustion that is first described. A list of the results requeste ...

    30 April 2014

  14. Overview of ASTEC Topic After 19 Months

    An overview of the results achieved in the SARNET (Severe Accident Research and management NETwork) Work-Packages "Users’ Support, Training, Integration and Adaptation", "Reactor Application and Benchmarking", benchmarks on and "P ...

    30 April 2014

  15. Factors Limiting the In-Service Lifetime of CrMoV Steels and Weldments for Pressure Equipment

    The combined effect of both creep and hydrogen attack is the object of this study. This is the cause of damage and catastrophic failures of industrial copmonents, with huge economic impact on the affected plants. Tests representative of the industrial rea ...

    30 April 2014

  16. Integral Large Scale Experiments on Hydrogen Combustion for Severe Accident Code Validation- HYCOM

    A joint research project was carried out in the EU 5th Framework Programme, concerning hydrogen risk in a nuclear power plant. The goals were: Firstly, to create a new data base of results on hydrogen combustion experiments in the slow to turbulent combus ...

    30 April 2014

  17. Experimental Investigation of the Seismic Behaviour of Undeteriorated and Deteriorated Asbestos Cement Pipes under Seismic Loads

    Abstract not available NEGRO Paolo TIRELLI Daniel MOLINA Javier MAGONETTE Georges VIDAL Veronica SALDARINI Giovanni 2002 EUR- Scientific and Technical Research Reports Joint Research Centre Corporate Activities Safety and security materials science volcan ...

    30 April 2014

  18. Risk Management and Agricultural Insurance Schemes in Europe

    Agricultural producers face a series of risks affecting the income and welfare of their households. These are mainly production risks related to weather conditions, pests and diseases, market conditions, liberalization policies, climate change, etc. In re ...

    30 April 2014

  19. Consolidation of Scientific and Technological Expertise to Assess the Reliability of Reactor Pressure Vessel Embrittlement Prediction in Particular for the Arctic Area Plant (COBRA)

    The evaluation and prognosis of reactor pressure vessel (RPV) material embrittlement in WWERs and the allowable period of their safe operation are performed on the basis of impact test results of irradiated surveillance specimens. The main problem concern ...

    30 April 2014

  20. Risk-Informed Support of Nuclear Power Plant Risk Zoning

    This paper analyses the background, objectives and current status of the information basis leading to the definition of risk and emergency zones around nuclear power plants (NPPs). Although dependable plant-specific Probabilistic Safety Assessment (PSA) o ...

    30 April 2014

  21. Impact of different minimal path set selection methods on the efficiency of fault tree decomposition

    In recent papers a new method to analyse complex fault trees was proposed. The fault tree is decomposed into a set of mutually exclusive simpler fault trees up to their dimensions are compatible with the available computational resources. Then, the result ...

    30 April 2014

  22. Plasma Modification of PCL Porous Scaffolds Fabricated by Solvent Casting/Particulate Leaching for Tissue Engineering

    This study points out how the plasma modification of PCL porous scaffolds, produced by Solvent Casting/Particulate Leaching, may enhance their biocompatibility. A C2H4/N2 plasma deposition followed by a H2 plasma treatment was used to increase the hydroph ...

    30 April 2014

  23. Release of bisphenol A from polycarbonate- a review

    The release of BPA from polycarbonate baby bottles into food and food simulants is reviewed in the perspective of the current intensive discussions on the risks of this substance. Potential factors that have been reported to influence the release of BPA a ...

    30 April 2014

  24. Key scientific issues relevant to the identification and characterisation of endocrine disrupting substances- Report of the Endocrine Disrupters Expert Advisory Group

    The European Commission, under Directorate-General for Environment (DG ENV) as file leader of the Community Strategy on Endocrine Disrupters, In 2010, DG ENV created an ad hoc group of Commission Services and Member States on the EU Community Strategy on ...

    30 April 2014

  25. Recording Disaster Losses: Recommendations for a European approach

    In a study commissioned by Directorate General Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection of the European Commission, the Joint Research Centre formulates technical recommendations for a European approach to standardize loss databases. Loss data are useful for ...

    30 April 2014