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  1. Human exposure

    A person is exposed to many environmental factors within his/her local environment: chemical emissions from consumer products (particles, air pollutants), environmental noise, molds etc. These chemical, physical, and biological factors play an important r ...

    29 June 2016

  2. Disaster risk management

    Natural and man-made hazards continuously threaten population in Europe and beyond. Managing risks associated with hazards is based on sound policy making in prevention, preparedness, response, and reconstruction activities. The JRC carries out extensive ...

    30 April 2014

  3. Identification of endocrine disrupting chemical- screening methodology supporting impact assessment published

    06 Jul 2016 The purpose of the JRC's methodology was to provide a basis for the screening of the available evidence on chemicals in relation to their potential to act as endocrine disruptors. It was specifically developed to support the European Comm ...

    06 July 2016

  4. Building a resilient Europe in a globalised world

    30 Sep 2015 Resilience determines the capacity to successfully deal with difficult events and to adapt and overcome adversity, and in a changing world creates stability, which in turn promotes job creation, economic growth and environmental sustainability ...

    28 October 2015

  5. UN’s World Humanitarian Summit – Europe’s take in rethinking actions

    23 May 2016 At the first-ever World Humanitarian Summit, key priorities advanced by the EU at the summit include: investment in resilience, efficient and effective financing, respect for international humanitarian law, preventing and ending crises, and br ...

    23 May 2016

  6. An integrated simulation tool for analyzing the Operation and Interdependency of Natural Gas and Electric Power Systems

    In this paper, we present an integrated simulation tool for analysing the interdependency of natural gas and electric power systems in terms of security of energy supply. In the first part, we develop mathematical models for the individual systems. In par ...

    15 July 2016

  7. Station Blackout and Nuclear Safety

    Failure of the on-site power generators concurrent with the loss of offsite power results in lossof all alternate current power sources. This event is known as station blackout. Electrical power from batteriesis assumed to be available within the plant sp ...

    16 July 2016

  8. Results of the Loss of Offsite Power Events Analysis

    This paper presents the results of statistical and engineering analysis of Loss of Offsite Power (LOOP) events registered in four reviewed databases. The paper includes events registered in IRSN (Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire) SAPIDE ...

    15 July 2016

  9. Review of case studies on the human and environmental risk assessment of chemical mixtures

    Humans and wildlife can be exposed to an infinite number of different combinations of chemicals in mixtures via food, consumer products and the environment, which might impact health. The number of chemicals and composition of chemical mixtures one might ...

    30 June 2016

  10. Indoortron

    Indoortron The INDOORTRON Facility is a 30m 3 walk-in environmental chamber permitting precise control of parameters such as temperature, relative humidity, air quality and exchange rate. Within its large working space, it is possible to measure emissions ...

    30 April 2014

  11. Screening methodology to identify potential endocrine disruptors according to different options in the context of an impact assessment

    Several pieces of EU legislation regulate the marketing and use of chemical substances. While several regulations, including the regulations on Plant Protection Products (PPPR), Biocidal Products (BPR) and Chemicals (REACH), include provisions for endocri ...

    17 June 2016

  12. Stiffness-displacement correlation from the RC shear-wall tests of the SAFE program. Derivation of a capacity line model.

    The response of 13 reinforced concrete shear walls submitted to successive seismic tests has been postprocessed to produce time histories of secant stiffness and displacement oscillation amplitude. For every wall an envelope curve of displacement amplitud ...

    15 July 2016

  13. Simulation of steam generator plugging tubes in a PWR to analyze the operating impact

    A number of Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs) with Pressurized Water Reactors (PWR) in the world have replaced their steam generators (SG) due to degradation of the SG tubes caused by different problems. Several methods were attempted to correct the defects of ...

    08 June 2016

  14. Increasing flood risk under climate change: a pan-European assessment of the benefits of four adaptation strategies

    Future flood risk in Europe is likely to increase due to a combination of climatic and socio-economic drivers. Effective adaptation strategies need to be implemented to limit the impact of river flooding on population and assets. This research builds upon ...

    03 June 2016

  15. Towards a science and technology roadmap for disaster risk reduction

    27 Jan 2016 Over a thousand scientists, policymakers and practitioners are gathering in Geneva this week to agree on concrete ways that science and technology can contribute to managing disaster risk and reducing disaster losses, as envisaged by the Senda ...

    27 January 2016

  16. Sixth meeting of the EU expert working group on disaster damage and loss data

    21 Oct 2015 to 22 Oct 2015 The sixth meeting of the EU expert working group on disaster damage and loss data will focus on: • Reviewing progress on implementation of the EU guidance on disaster loss data sharing • Reviewing the guidance on recording disas ...

    13 October 2015

  17. Statistical Analysis of Loss of Offsite Power Events

    This paper presents the results of the statistical analysis of the loss of offsite power events (LOOP) registered in four reviewed databases. The reviewed databases include the IRSN (Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire) SAPIDE database and ...

    05 June 2016

  18. Mapping global patterns of drought risk: an empirical framework based on sub-national estimates of hazard, exposure and vulnerability

    A global map of drought risk has been elaborated at the sub-national administrative level. The motivation for this study is the observation that little research and no concerted efforts have been made at the global level to provide a consistent and equita ...

    23 May 2016

  19. How good is the map? A multi-scale cross-comparison framework for global settlement layers: Evidence from Central Europe

    Mapping of settlement areas from space is entering a new era. With the recently developed Global Urban Footprint (based on radar data from TanDEM-X) and the Global Human Settlement Layer (based on optical data), two new initiatives that promise to map com ...

    23 May 2016

  20. Humanitarian crises and disasters risk: 2016 INFORM global assessment now available

    02 Dec 2015 Assessment results on the risk of humanitarian crises and disasters in 2016 for 191 nations were released today. The analyses were carried out by applying the Index for Risk Management – INFORM, an open-source risk assessment tool designed to ...

    02 December 2015

  21. Uganda – JRC's early flood warning system triggers pre-disaster humanitarian action

    18 Nov 2015 To prevent waterborne diseases (e.g. dysentery) brought on by floods, the Red Cross last week distributed preparedness items to households in flood-prone villages 300 km north-east of Uganda’s capital, Kampala. This is the first time in the hi ...

    18 November 2015

  22. Seismic fragility curves for the European building stock: review and evaluation of existing fragility curves

    Earthquakes continue to represent a serious threat for some European countries, particularly for Mediterranean bordering countries, where these events have been triggering significant destruction and loss over the last decades. Despite the unpredictable n ...

    06 May 2016

  23. Mapping the impact of alien species on marine ecosystems: the Mediterranean Sea case study

    Aim To develop a standardized, quantitative method for mapping cumulative impacts of invasive alien species on marine ecosystems. Location The methodology is applied in the Mediterranean Sea but is widely applicable. Methods A conservative additive model ...

    08 June 2016

  24. EURL ECVAM’s Status Report 2015 published

    14 Oct 2015 The  Status Report  published by EURL ECVAM (the European Union Reference Laboratory for Alternatives to Animal Testing) on 14 October provides an update on the development, validation and regulatory acceptance of alternative methods/approache ...

    14 October 2015

  25. International Day for Disaster Reduction- JRC tools and analyses

    13 Oct 2015 The International Day for Disaster Reduction (IDDR) is observed on 13 October every year to encourage communities and governments to take part in building more disaster-resilient societies. With its long-standing expertise in this area, the JR ...

    13 October 2015