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  1. Sensitivity analysis, sensitivity auditing and impact assessment

    Dealing with such uncertainties and multiple scenarios in policy-relevant data is an important challenge for decision making. Since the attention given to the robustness of scientific advice is increasing, the JRC applies sensitivity analysis and sensitiv ...

    25 July 2014

  2. Integrated sustainability assessments

    Sustainability science is a solution-oriented discipline that studies the complex relationship between nature and humankind, conciliating the mutually influenced scientific and social reference paradigms, and covering multi-temporal and spatial scales. Th ...

    30 April 2014

  3. Costs and benefits of climate policies

    Through its international agreements the EU has endorsed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) by 20% by 2020. This will redirect EU's energy economy towards a highly efficient and low CO2 one with an important impact on climate change mitigation ...

    01 September 2015

  4. Impacts of climate change

    The European Commission is working to make the European economy more climate-friendly with both mitigation and adaptation policies.   Mitigation policies aim to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and so produce benefits in terms of avoided climate damages; a ...

    01 February 2016

  5. Study for a method to assess the ease of disassembly of electrical and electronic equipment. Method development and application to a flat panel display case study.

    This report has been developed within the project “Technical support for Environmental Footprinting, material efficiency in product policy and the European Platform on LCA” (2013-2016) funded by Directorate General Environment, and focused on the developm ...

    23 May 2016

  6. Impact of flood by a possible failure of the Mosul dam

    The dam of Mosul on the Tigris river in northern Iraq is the largest in the country and holds around 11 km3 of water. Built on water permeable rock, the inherent instability of the Mosul dam has been known since it was built and this was mitigated by cont ...

    23 May 2016

  7. Graphical RHOMOLO web interface

    In order to allow users to run simple illustrative simulations on a basic version of the model and have a first impression of the results that can be obtained with more problem-tailored versions of RHOMOLO, a graphical web-based interface has been develop ...

    20 February 2016

  8. Scoping report on the potential impact of on-board desulphurization on the water quality in SOx Emission Control Areas

    The input of acid substances (like SO2) into the sea has been recognized as an environmental issue that needs to be considered in terms of ocean acidification; acid inputs and techniques to deal with them have implications for member states' obligati ...

    13 May 2016

  9. Environmental Footprint and Material Efficiency Support for Product Policy- Feasibility study for a standardized method to measure the time taken to extract certain parts from an Electrical and Electronic Equipment

    A study of the Joint Research Centre – JRC- on material efficiency published in 2012 established a method for the identification and assessment of “hot-spots” for End-of-Life (EoL) treatments of Waste Electric and Electronic Equipment (WEEE), including te ...

    04 May 2016

  10. Analysis of material recovery from silicon photovoltaic panels

    Lifecycle impacts of photovoltaic (PV) plants have been largely explored in several studies in the scientific literature. However, the end-of-life phase has been generally excluded or neglected from these analyses. It is expected that the disposal of PV p ...

    28 April 2016

  11. Mapping the impact of alien species on marine ecosystems: the Mediterranean Sea case study

    Aim To develop a standardized, quantitative method for mapping cumulative impacts of invasive alien species on marine ecosystems. Location The methodology is applied in the Mediterranean Sea but is widely applicable. Methods A conservative additive model ...

    17 April 2016

  12. Resource efficiency of biobased industries

    17 Oct 2013 to 18 Oct 2013 Introduction The aim of this expert workshop was to set the scene for biomass resource efficiency in terms of definitions for biomass and standardisation for biobased products; capacities in market volumes, policy research and J ...

    14 October 2015

  13. Mapping and assessment of ecosystem services in enlargement countries

    26 Jan 2016 to 28 Jan 2016 The aim of this workshop is to take stock of the progress made in enlargement countries on mapping and assessment of ecosystems and their services, to analyse gaps in knowledge and to initiate training activities on mapping and ...

    09 October 2015

  14. Accessibility and territorial cohesion: ex post analysis of Cohesion Fund infrastructure projects

    The aim of this study is to develop a framework to assess impacts of various policy options and transport infrastructure investments on accessibility at European level. In order to test the developed framework, impacts of transport infrastructure projects ...

    07 April 2016

  15. Environmental and Sustainability Assessment of Current and Prospective Status of Coal Bed Methane Production and Use in the European Union

    The overall goal of this study is to support the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission in assessing the environmental impacts and sustainability of energy sources in the EU. In particular, it provides an analysis of the status and prospec ...

    21 April 2016

  16. Bioeconomy Observatory

    BIOBS https://biobs.jrc.ec.europa.eu/ The Bioeconomy Observatory provides all the latest data and information about bioeconomy, including statistics on investments in research, policy mapping, bioeconomy country profiles, data visualisation and analytical ...

    20 October 2015

  17. A dataset of future daily weather data for crop modelling over Europe derived from climate change scenarios

    Coupled atmosphere-ocean general circulation models (AOGCMs, or just GCMs for short) simulate different realizations of possible future climates at global scale under contrasting scenarios of greenhouse gases emissions. While these datasets provide severa ...

    07 April 2016

  18. Reducing burden of disease from residential indoor air exposures in Europe (HEALTHVENT project)

    Background: The annual burden of disease caused indoor air pollution, including polluted outdoor air used to ventilate indoor spaces, is estimated to correspond to a loss of over 2 million healthy life years in the European Union (EU). Based on measuremen ...

    01 April 2016

  19. An assessment of dedicated energy crops in Europe under the EU Energy Reference Scenario 2013. Application of the LUISA modelling platform- Updated Configuration 2014

    This report presents a comprehensive analysis of dedicated energy crops (ENCR) performed with the LUISA (Land Use-based Integrated Sustainability Assessment) modelling platform across Europe between 2020 and 2050. LUISA is configured in compliance with th ...

    10 April 2016

  20. Environmental Sustainability Assessment of Bioeconomy Products and Processes – Progress Report 2

    The present document compiles the main outputs of the environmental sustainability assessment in the framework of the Bioeconomy Observatory as at the end of 2015, as approved under PUBSY Ref. JRC96713. The selection includes eleven environmental sustaina ...

    28 April 2016

  21. Regional patterns of energy production and consumption factors in Europe Exploratory Project EREBILAND- European Regional Energy Balance and Innovation Landscape

    The Resilient Energy Union with Forward Looking Climate Change Policy is one the ten priorities of the overarching Agenda for Jobs, Growth, Fairness and Democratic Change of the European Commission. The Communication on the Energy Union package and its An ...

    01 April 2016

  22. The RHOMOLO model

    RHOMOLO The RHOMOLO model RHOMOLO is a dynamic spatial general equilibrium model of the European Commission. It is developed and used by Directorate-General Joint Research Centre (DG JRC) in cooperation with Directorate-General for Regional and Urban Poli ...

    05 September 2015

  23. GEM-E3

    GEM-E3 GEM-E3 GEM-E3 is an applied general equilibrium model that covers the interactions between the Economy, the Energy system and the Environment. It is well suited to evaluate climate and energy policies, as well as fiscal issues. The GEM-E3 model has ...

    04 March 2016

  24. POLES- Prospective Outlook on Long-term Energy Systems

    POLES POLES-JRC POLES is a global energy model covering the entire energy system, from primary supply (fossil fuels, renewables,..) to transformation (power, biofuels, hydrogen) and final sectoral demand.  International market and prices of energy fuels a ...

    04 February 2015

  25. Annual flood damages up to 100 billion EUR by 2080

    29 Sep 2015 According to a JRC study published on 24 September, projections under a “high-end“ climate scenario show that river floods in Europe could directly affect more than half a million people a year by 2050 and nearly one million by 2080, as compar ...

    29 September 2015