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  1. Sensitivity analysis, sensitivity auditing and impact assessment

    Dealing with such uncertainties and multiple scenarios in policy-relevant data is an important challenge for decision making. Since the attention given to the robustness of scientific advice is increasing, the JRC applies sensitivity analysis and sensitiv ...

    25 July 2014

  2. Integrated sustainability assessments

    Sustainability science is a solution-oriented discipline that studies the complex relationship between nature and humankind, conciliating the mutually influenced scientific and social reference paradigms, and covering multi-temporal and spatial scales. Th ...

    30 April 2014

  3. Costs and benefits of climate policies

    Through its international agreements the EU has endorsed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) by 20% by 2020. This will redirect EU's energy economy towards a highly efficient and low CO2 one with an important impact on climate change mitigation ...

    30 April 2014

  4. Impacts of climate change

    The European Commission is working to make the European economy more climate-friendly with both mitigation and adaptation policies.   Mitigation policies aim to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and so produce benefits in terms of avoided climate damages; a ...

    30 April 2014

  5. Measuring European Environmental Policy Performance

    In democratic societies, citizens have the right to know whether their elected representatives address environmental problems successfully or not. Voters can judge their governments' economic performance by looking at GDP growth and unemployment rate ...

    30 April 2014

  6. Winter ecology of shallow lakes: strongest effect of fish on water clarity at high nutrient levels

    While the structuring role of fish in lakes is well studied for the summer season in North temperate lakes, little is known about their role in winter when fish activity and light irradiance potentially are lower. This is unfortunate as the progressing cl ...

    30 April 2014

  7. Regulating Air Emissions from Ships: The State of the Art on Methodologies, Technologies and Policy Options

    In recent years public concerns regarding the environmental impacts of maritime transport have increased. This is because maritime transport is the fifth largest contributor to air pollution and carbon emissions, and the growth rate of trade makes the pro ...

    30 April 2014

  8. Impacts of Europe's Changing Climate- 2008 Indicator Based Assessment

    Background and objective This report is an update and extension of the 2004 EEA report 'Impacts of Europe's changing climate'. Since 2004, there has been much progress in monitoring and assessing the impacts of climate change in Europe. The ...

    30 April 2014

  9. A multi-criteria fuzzy approach for analyzing poverty structure

    Poverty is a fuzzy and complex phenomenon which is intrinsically multidimensional. First attempts of tackling poverty with multidimensional measures trace back to the seventies with the conceptual writings on income poverty by Amartya Sen (1976). Since th ...

    30 April 2014

  10. The Impact of Climate Change on Lakes in Northern Europe

    In Northern Europe, most lakes are characterized by extended periods of winter ice cover, high spring inflow from snow melt and brown water produced by the transport of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) from the surrounding catchments. In this chapter, the p ...

    30 April 2014

  11. UNEP-SETAC guideline on global land use impact assessment on biodiversity and ecosystem services in LCA

    Purpose: As a consequence of the multi-functionality of land, the impact assessment of land use in Life Cycle Impact Assessment requires the modelling of several impact pathways covering biodiversity and ecosystem services. To provide consistency amongst ...

    30 April 2014

  12. Physical and economic consequences of climate change in Europe

    Quantitative estimates of the economic damages of climate change usually are based on aggregate relationships linking average temperature change to loss in gross domestic product (GDP). However, there is a clear need for further detail in the regional and ...

    30 April 2014

  13. Vertical distribution of hydrocarbons in the low troposphere below and above the mixing height: Tethered balloon measurements in Milan, Italy

    A novel approach for measuring vertical profiles of HCs and particle number concentrations was described and applied in the low troposphere over Milan (Italy) during typical spring and summer days. Particle profiles yielded nearly homogeneous concentratio ...

    30 April 2014

  14. Ancillary Benefits of Climate Policy in a Small Open Economy: The Case of Sweden

    It is increasingly recognised that GHG reduction policies can have important ancillary benefits in the form of positive local and regional environmental impacts. The purpose of this paper is to estimate the domestic ancillary pollution benefits of climate ...

    30 April 2014

  15. Volcano- and climate-driven changes in atmospheric dust sources and fluxes since the Late Glacial in Central Europe

    Atmospheric dusts are an important part of the global climate system, and play an important role in the marine and terrestrial biogeochemical cycles of major and trace nutrient elements. A peat bog record of atmospheric deposition shows considerable varia ...

    30 April 2014

  16. Bias Correction of the ENSEMBLES High Resolution Climate Change Projections for Use by Impact Models: Analysis of the Climate Change Signal

    A statistical bias correction technique is applied to twelve high-resolution climate change simulations of temperature and precipitation over Europe, under the SRES A1B scenario, produced for the EU project ENSEMBLES. The bias correction technique is base ...

    30 April 2014

  17. Predictions of Runoff Hydrographs in Ungauged Basins

    Predicting water runoff in ungauged water catchment areas is vital to practical applications such as the design of drainage infrastructure and flooding defences, runoff forecasting, and for catchment management tasks such as water allocation and climate i ...

    30 April 2014

  18. Tourism demand, climatic conditions and transport costs: an integrated analysis for the EU regions. Report for the PESETA II study on the impact of climate change in Europe.

    The objective of this study is to analyse the potential impact of climate change on EU tourism demand and to provide long-term (2100) scenarios to be used in the general equilibrium GEM-E3 to allow for potential interactions with the rest of the economy. ...

    30 April 2014

  19. Proceedings of a workshop on "Wheat productivity in the EU: determinants and challenges for food security and for climate change"

    The Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS) of the European Commission?s Joint Research Centre (JRC) is starting a new research line with the aim to describe the current situation and analyze the elements affecting wheat yields and wheat fa ...

    30 April 2014

  20. Modelling future changes in surface ozone: a parameterized approach

    This study describes a simple parameterization to estimate regionally averaged changes in surface ozone due to past or future changes in anthropogenic precursor emissions based on results from 14 global chemistry transport models. The method 5 successfull ...

    30 April 2014

  21. VISIONS for Venice in 2050: Aleph, story telling and unsolved paradoxes

    This paper tells the story of the implementation in the early 2000s of a European Project called VISIONS. The project organised conversations about sustainability ideas for some cities in Europe, including Venice, and for Europe as a whole. For the city o ...

    30 April 2014

  22. Environmental change impacts on the C- and N-cycle of European forests: a model comparison study

    Forests are important components of the green-house gas balance of Europe. There is considerable uncertainty about how predicted changes to climate and ni-trogen deposition will perturb the carbon and nitrogen cycles of European forests and thereby alter ...

    30 April 2014

  23. Assessing the influence of climate model uncertainty on EU-wide climate change impact indicators

    Despite an increasing understanding of potential climate change impacts in Europe, the associated uncertainties remain a key challenge. In many impact studies, the assessment of uncertainties is underemphasised, or is not performed quantitatively. A key s ...

    30 April 2014

  24. First steps towards a deeper understanding of energy efficiency impacts in the age of systems

    So far technologies have been mostly conceived as silver bullets entering seamlessly into everyday life without any subsidiary effect on other technologies and in general on ideas and practices. One of the consequences of this mindset is that energy analy ...

    30 April 2014

  25. A multi-hazard regional level impact assessment for Europe combining indicators of climatic and non-climatic change

    To better prioritise adaptation strategies to a changing climate that are currently being developed, there is a need for quantitative regional level assessments that are systematic and comparable across multiple weather hazards. This study presents an ind ...

    30 April 2014