We are doing science for policy
The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commission's science and knowledge service which employs scientists to carry out research in order to provide independent scientific advice and support to EU policy.
JRC scientists developed a quantitative method for measuring the surface energy and hydrophobicity of nanomaterials, as the knowledge about hydrophobicity is important when assessing potential risks of chemicals.
Hydrophobicity is an important parameter to determine for the risk assessment of chemicals and in particular of nanomaterials.
Because hydrophobicity plays a critical role in various biological processes such as:
JRC scientists propose a novel application of statistical theory (Newcomb-Benford Law) to detect frauds in international trade.
Have you ever noticed how the first pages of big reference books and tables are more worn and smudged than later pages?
Or how, in certain large sets of data, some numbers start with a certain digit (other than zero) more often than others?
The probability of these events is explained by the Newcomb-Benford Law, or first digit law.
The detection of frauds is one of the most prominent applications of this statistical theory.