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  1. Renewable energy

    The European Union has set out plans for a new energy strategy based on a more secure, sustainable and low-carbon economy. It has committed itself to achieve at least 27% share of renewables by 2030 with the aim of encouraging private investment in infras ...

    04 February 2015

  2. Biofuels and bioenergy

    Bioenergy will remain crucial over the next decade in order to reach the renewable energy targets in 2020, which is why the EU member states incorporated the bioenergy option in their National Renewable Energy Action Plans (NREAPs). As the JRC aims to pro ...

    30 April 2014

  3. Photovoltaics

    Photovoltaic electricity is the renewable energy technology with the largest scope for cost reduction and efficiency gains. It is expected to make a significant contribution to achieving EU's goals for a low carbon energy system. JRC activities inclu ...

    04 February 2015

  4. The Photovoltaic Industry

    Article providing an overview of the photovoltaic industry. In 2010, the photovoltaic world market almost doubled in terms of production to 23 to 24 GW. The market for installed systems doubled again and values between 16 and 18 GW were reported by variou ...

    30 April 2014

  5. The Photovoltaic Market

    Article providing an overview of the international photovoltaic market. In 2010, the worldwide photovoltaic market more than doubled, driven by major increases in Europe. For 2010 the market volume of newly installed solar photovoltaic electricity systems ...

    30 April 2014

  6. Assessment and modeling of available forest resources in Europe for energy supply

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report presenting the results of the 'Assessment and modeling of available forest resources in Europe for energy supply' project. The project “Assessment and modeling of available forest resources in Europe ...

    30 April 2014

  7. Progress in Chalcopyrite Compound Semiconductor Research for Photovoltaic Applications and Transfer of Results into Actual Solar Cell Production

    Article describing the developments of the photovoltaic applications, in particular that of the Chalcopyrite Compound Semiconductor.   Since a number of years photovoltaics continues to be one of the fastest-growing industries with growth rates well beyon ...

    30 April 2014

  8. 1.39 – Standards in Photovoltaic Technology

    Article containing a review of International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) standards relevant to photovoltaic (PV) technology. Standards relevant to performance and calibration, reliability, energy rating and concentrating terrestrial PV are included. ...

    30 April 2014

  9. Finance Mechanisms and Incentives for Photovoltaic Technologies in Developing Countries

    JRC article reviewing the existing support mechanisms and incentives for off-grid photovoltaic (PV) deployment in developing countries, particularly combining market, energy use, and socio-economic elements. Access to modern energy is a social and economi ...

    30 April 2014

  10. Overview of the Global PV Industry

    Article providing an overview of the global photovoltaic industry. Since more than 10 years photovoltaics is one of the fastest growing industries with growth rates well beyond 40% per annum. This growth is driven not only by the progress in materials and ...

    30 April 2014

  11. Solar Energy: Capturing the benefits of photovoltaics

    Photovoltaic (PV) modules convert photons from the sun’s rays into electricity, which can either be stored or fed into the electricity grid. It is a very promising technological option to shift towards a decarbonised energy supply. With its European Solar ...

    30 September 2014

  12. Science at the core of eco-industry- some JRC examples

    JRC's scientific and technical support to policy-making is directly relevant to eco-industries. This industry sector focuses on measuring, preventing, limiting or correcting environmental damage to water, air, soil and ecosystems, and works with rene ...

    30 April 2014

  13. JRC report on Biofuels

    JRC report on the topic of biofuels. (March 2008) 2008 Brochures Energy and transport energy efficiency bioenergy transport low-carbon renewable IET jrc_biofuels_report.pdf ...

    30 April 2014

  14. Developing alternative energy sources: going solar

    Examples of JRC research making the life of Europe's citizens safer and more secure in the area of solar energy. (2009) 2009 Energy and transport Environment and climate change solar renewable energy efficiency climate IES IET jrc_leaflet_solar_energ ...

    30 April 2014

  15. Integration of Biomass Drying with Combustion/Gasification Technologies and Minimization of Emissions of Organic Compounds

    The results presented describe the various methods used for drying wood and in particular wood chips for use in heating, heat and power and fuel recovery processes. The drying process is important in raising the calorific value of the wood feedstock and g ...

    30 April 2014

  16. Future Fossil Fuel Electricity Generation in Europe: Options and Consequences

    This study investigates the development of the fossil fuel fired power generation sector in Europe up to 2030 and identifies the critical factors that influence its evolution. Through the application of least-cost expansion planning theories, the technolo ...

    30 April 2014

  17. R&D Investment in the Priority Technologies of the European Strategic Energy Technology Plan

    The present report estimates the current R&D investments in selected low-carbon energy technologies in the EU-27 funded by the Member States, through the 6th EU Research and Euratom Framework Programmes and by companies with headquarters registered in ...

    30 April 2014

  18. The compatibility of EU biofuel policies with global sustainability and the WTO

    The EU's Renewable Energy Directive (2009/28) requires that by 2020 biofuels should account for at least 10% of transport fuel consumption. EU legislation sets out sustainability criteria for biofuels to qualify for this target and procedures for ver ...

    30 April 2014

  19. Impacts of the EU Biofuel Target on Agricultural Markets and Land Use- A Comparative Modelling Assessment

    The Renewable Energy Directive (2009/28/EC) requires that 20% of the EU's energy needs should come from renewable sources by 2020, and includes a target for the transport sector of 10% from biofuels. This report analyses and discusses the global impa ...

    30 April 2014

  20. Biofuels: a New Methodology to Estimate GHG Emissions Due to Global Land Use Change- A methodology involving spatial allocation of agricultural land demand, calculation of carbon stocks and estimation of N2O emissions

    This study provides a new methodology developed by the JRC IES and IE for estimating changes in soil carbon stocks and GHG emissions resulting from global land use changes caused by the production of biofuels. The first part of this work describes the met ...

    30 April 2014

  21. Effects of low temperature on the cold start gaseous emissions from light duty vehicles fuelled by ethanol-blended gasoline

    According to Directives 2003/30/EC and 2009/28/EC of the European Parliament and the Council, Member States should promote the use of biofuel. Consequently, since January 2011 all fuels on the market used for transport purpose must contain a fraction of 5 ...

    30 April 2014

  22. Opportunities and Threats for Bioheating in the European Union

    Bioheating is a key factor for the delayed progress in achieving the 12% renewables target in gross inland energy consumption of the EU by 2010. The key opportunities for biomass in the heat sector are to substitute/complement coal, the small-scale heat g ...

    30 April 2014

  23. Indirect Land Use Change From Increased Biofuels Demand- Comparison of Models and Results for Marginal Biofuels Production from Different Feedstocks

    This study compares the ILUC results produced by different economic models for marginal increases in biofuel production from different feedstocks. The work is the result of a survey of marginal calculations launched by the JRC-IE during 2009, involving so ...

    30 April 2014

  24. Guidebook "How to Develop a Sustainable Energy Action Plan (SEAP)"

    The purpose of the present guidebook is to help the Covenant of Mayors signatories to reach the commitments they have taken by signing the Covenant, and in particular to prepare within the year following their official adhesion a Baseline Emission Invento ...

    30 April 2014

  25. The Effects of Increased Demand for Biofuels Feedstocks on the World Agricultural Markets and Areas- Outcomes of a Workshop- 10-11 February 2010, Ispra (Italy)

    This study is performed under request of DG CLIMA, in support to the preparation of the policy proposal on the assessment of the effects of Indirect Land Use Change (ILUC). Agro-economic models are used to provide estimates of how much cropland area incre ...

    30 April 2014