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  1. Photovoltaics

    Photovoltaic electricity is the renewable energy technology with the largest scope for cost reduction and efficiency gains. It is expected to make a significant contribution to achieving EU's goals for a low carbon energy system. JRC activities inclu ...

    04 February 2015

  2. Renewable energy

    The European Union has set out plans for a new energy strategy based on a more secure, sustainable and low-carbon economy. It has committed itself to achieve at least 27% share of renewables by 2030 with the aim of encouraging private investment in infras ...

    04 February 2015

  3. Biofuels and bioenergy

    Bioenergy will remain crucial over the next decade in order to reach the renewable energy targets in 2020, which is why the EU member states incorporated the bioenergy option in their National Renewable Energy Action Plans (NREAPs). As the JRC aims to pro ...

    30 April 2014

  4. Assessment and modeling of available forest resources in Europe for energy supply

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report presenting the results of the 'Assessment and modeling of available forest resources in Europe for energy supply' project. The project “Assessment and modeling of available forest resources in Europe ...

    30 April 2014

  5. Science at the core of eco-industry- some JRC examples

    JRC's scientific and technical support to policy-making is directly relevant to eco-industries. This industry sector focuses on measuring, preventing, limiting or correcting environmental damage to water, air, soil and ecosystems, and works with rene ...

    30 April 2014

  6. R&D Investment in the Priority Technologies of the European Strategic Energy Technology Plan

    The present report estimates the current R&D investments in selected low-carbon energy technologies in the EU-27 funded by the Member States, through the 6th EU Research and Euratom Framework Programmes and by companies with headquarters registered in ...

    30 April 2014

  7. The compatibility of EU biofuel policies with global sustainability and the WTO

    The EU's Renewable Energy Directive (2009/28) requires that by 2020 biofuels should account for at least 10% of transport fuel consumption. EU legislation sets out sustainability criteria for biofuels to qualify for this target and procedures for ver ...

    30 April 2014

  8. Impacts of the EU Biofuel Target on Agricultural Markets and Land Use- A Comparative Modelling Assessment

    The Renewable Energy Directive (2009/28/EC) requires that 20% of the EU's energy needs should come from renewable sources by 2020, and includes a target for the transport sector of 10% from biofuels. This report analyses and discusses the global impa ...

    30 April 2014

  9. Biofuels: a New Methodology to Estimate GHG Emissions Due to Global Land Use Change- A methodology involving spatial allocation of agricultural land demand, calculation of carbon stocks and estimation of N2O emissions

    This study provides a new methodology developed by the JRC IES and IE for estimating changes in soil carbon stocks and GHG emissions resulting from global land use changes caused by the production of biofuels. The first part of this work describes the met ...

    30 April 2014

  10. Effects of low temperature on the cold start gaseous emissions from light duty vehicles fuelled by ethanol-blended gasoline

    According to Directives 2003/30/EC and 2009/28/EC of the European Parliament and the Council, Member States should promote the use of biofuel. Consequently, since January 2011 all fuels on the market used for transport purpose must contain a fraction of 5 ...

    30 April 2014

  11. Opportunities and Threats for Bioheating in the European Union

    Bioheating is a key factor for the delayed progress in achieving the 12% renewables target in gross inland energy consumption of the EU by 2010. The key opportunities for biomass in the heat sector are to substitute/complement coal, the small-scale heat g ...

    30 April 2014

  12. Indirect Land Use Change From Increased Biofuels Demand- Comparison of Models and Results for Marginal Biofuels Production from Different Feedstocks

    This study compares the ILUC results produced by different economic models for marginal increases in biofuel production from different feedstocks. The work is the result of a survey of marginal calculations launched by the JRC-IE during 2009, involving so ...

    30 April 2014

  13. Guidebook "How to Develop a Sustainable Energy Action Plan (SEAP)"

    The purpose of the present guidebook is to help the Covenant of Mayors signatories to reach the commitments they have taken by signing the Covenant, and in particular to prepare within the year following their official adhesion a Baseline Emission Invento ...

    30 April 2014

  14. The Effects of Increased Demand for Biofuels Feedstocks on the World Agricultural Markets and Areas- Outcomes of a Workshop- 10-11 February 2010, Ispra (Italy)

    This study is performed under request of DG CLIMA, in support to the preparation of the policy proposal on the assessment of the effects of Indirect Land Use Change (ILUC). Agro-economic models are used to provide estimates of how much cropland area incre ...

    30 April 2014

  15. Developments in energy use for transport in 27 European Union countries through 2030: Outcome of iTREN-2030 project

    The aim of this paper is to analyse the impact of transport policies and the renewable energy package on the energy use and the emissions of transport in EU27. The paper is based on the EU-co-funded project 'iTREN-2030' that aimed developed cons ...

    30 April 2014

  16. Stand-Alone VS. Grid Extension for Electrification in Kenya- Development of a Spatial Explicit Energy System Model

    The achievement of the United Nations Millennium Development goals is strongly connected with access to electricity. The rate of electrification in Kenya is below the average in Sub-Saharan Africa. Expressed as a percentage, 14% of Kenyan inhabitants are ...

    30 April 2014

  17. Characterization of a CCD-Camera-based System for Measurement of the Solar Radial Energy Distribution

    Charge-coupled device (CCD)-camera-based measurement systems offer the possibility to gather information on the solar radial energy distribution (sunshape). Sunshape measurements are very useful in designing high concentration photovoltaic systems and hel ...

    30 April 2014

  18. Demand shifting analysis at high penetration of distributed generation in low voltage grids

    One of the main challenges that Europe has to face is to ensure the swift deployment of renewable energy sources by increasing their share in the energy generation mix to 20% by 2020, considering the large-scale deployment of new electricity generators in ...

    30 April 2014

  19. Quo Vadis Photovoltaics 2011

    Since more than 10 years photovoltaics is one of the fastest growing industries with growth rates well beyond 40% per annum. This growth is driven not only by the progress in materials and processing technology, but by market introduction programmes in ma ...

    30 April 2014

  20. Benefits and cost implications from integrating small flexible nuclear reactors with off-shore wind farms in a virtual power plant

    Nuclear power currently supports the goals of the European Union low-carbon society by being a dependable source of energy, while emitting no CO2. In the future, more flexible nuclear systems could enable wind to achieve a 50% share of the renewable contr ...

    30 April 2014

  21. Data sets for energy rating of photovoltaic modules

    A proposal for generating standard climatic data sets for use in energy rating of photovoltaic (PV) modules is presented which will give a good comparability between different technologies. The current proposal of standard data sets consisting of?typical ...

    30 April 2014

  22. SiC-Based Multilayer for Applications in Extreme Environment- H2 Generation Plants

    The purpose of this research is to develop SiC-based multilayers, for applications in extreme environment such as H2 generation plants. Tape casting technology, followed by debinding and sintering at very high temperature (~2200?C) has been used. In Europ ...

    30 April 2014

  23. Economic impacts of solar thermal electricity technology deployment on Andalusian productive activities: a CGE approach

    Solar thermal electricity is a type of renewable energy technology of special interest for Andalusia (southern Spain) because of the large number of annual sunshine hours. This paper estimates the impact on productive activities of increasing the producti ...

    30 April 2014

  24. Effect of Dust Shading on Photovoltaic Modules

    This paper investigates the effect of dust on photovoltaic (PV) modules with respect to dust concentration and spectral transmittance. Dust samples were collected from Kuwait in the form of raw dust and accumulated dust on sample glasses at different tilt ...

    30 April 2014

  25. An Overview of the Organic and Inorganic Phase Composition of Biomass

    An extended overview of the organic and inorganic phase composition of biomass was conducted. Some general considerations and problems related to phase composition of biomass as a solid fuel were discussed initially. Then, reference peer-reviewed data inc ...

    30 April 2014