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  1. Security of the supply chain

    Today in the world millions of shipping containers constantly travel and cross national borders. Cargo containers are considered as a weak link in the supply chain as they can be potentially exploited to defraud customs, introduce illicit cargo and breach ...

    25 February 2016

  2. Transport sector economic analysis

    Transport plays an important role in today's economy and society and has a large impact on growth and employment. The transport industry directly employs around 10 million people and accounts for about 5% of gross domestic product (GDP). Effective tr ...

    02 September 2015

  3. Railways safety

    The JRC, together with the European Railways Agency (ERA), has developed the European Railway Accident Information Links (ERAIL) system, where all railway accident reports and the biannual safety performance indicators of the Member States are recorded, a ...

    02 September 2015

  4. Aviation safety

    The causes of aviation accidents are complex to understand: rather than by a single failure, they are usually caused by a sequence of events linked one to the other. Often, the same kind of event has already happened somewhere else in the world without ca ...

    30 April 2014

  5. Road safety: the digital tachograph

    Tiredness and speeding are common causes of accidents among drivers of lorries and  coaches. To address this issue, the digital tachograph became mandatory in 2006 on all newly registered commercial trucks and buses across the EU. Since 2004, the JRC has ...

    02 September 2015

  6. Reference materials for fuel analysis

    Fuel quality is an important energy issue for industry as well as for citizens. When using fuels in car engines or domestic heating systems consumers need to be sure that the fuel does not cause any malfunction or damage to their equipment. Similarly, con ...

    02 September 2015

  7. Monitoring container traffic and analysing risk

    90% of the world's cargo is transported in maritime containers, but only 2% is physically inspected by customs authorities, opening the possibility for illicit activities. Today, it is widely believed that the only viable way to control containerised ...

    02 September 2015

  8. Maritime safety and security

    Maritime transport enables trade and contacts between all the European nations and provides the main vehicle for European imports and exports to the rest of the world. Almost 90% of the EU external freight trade is seaborne, while short sea shipping repre ...

    01 September 2015

  9. Interoperability and e-mobility

    E-mobility refers to clean and efficient transport, using electric vehicles, powered either by batteries or by hydrogen fuel cells. Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV) have big growth potential, provided that there are also investments in the development of s ...

    10 December 2015

  10. Hydrogen and fuel cells

    Hydrogen can store and deliver energy in a widely useable form, and it is one of the most promising alternative fuels for future energy applications. It can be produced pollution-free, without carbon dioxide emissions and it decreases our dependence on dw ...

    02 September 2015

  11. Biofuels and bioenergy

    Bioenergy will remain crucial over the next decade in order to reach the renewable energy targets in 2020, which is why the EU member states incorporated the bioenergy option in their National Renewable Energy Action Plans (NREAPs). As the JRC aims to pro ...

    04 September 2015

  12. Aviation security

    Aviation security refers to the prevention of acts of unlawful interference against civil aviation, such as seizure of an aircraft or placing a hazardous device onboard an aircraft. The JRC contributes to aviation security by providing scientific and tech ...

    30 April 2014

  13. Transport safety and security

    The transport industry directly employs around 10 million people and accounts for about 5% of the GDP. The quality and cost of transport services have a major impact on the ability of businesses to compete, on economic growth and the quality of life. Enha ...

    25 June 2014

  14. Sustainable transport and fuels

    The European Commission is working towards forms of mobility that are sustainable, energy-efficient and respectful for the environment. Technical innovation such as electric vehicles, intelligent transport systems and smart grids, will contribute to achie ...

    04 September 2015

  15. New Commission online tool to measure fuel costs and CO2 emissions of your car journey

    25 Jul 2016 In line with the Commission's ambition to move towards low and zero-emission vehicles as outlined in the European Strategy for Low-Emission Mobility adopted on 20 July, the JRC has developed an online tool to help citizens estimate fuel c ...

    25 July 2016

  16. Energy Union and Climate Action: Driving Europe’s transition to a low-carbon economy

    20 Jul 2016 On 20 July the Commission presented a package of measures to accelerate the transition to low-carbon emissions in all sectors of the economy in Europe. As the global social economic model changes, the Commission is working to keep the EU compe ...

    20 July 2016

  17. European Interoperability Centre for Electric Vehicles and Smart Grids

    EU Interoperability Centre European Interoperability Centre The European Interoperability Centre for Electric Vehicles and Smart Grids combines four new, state-of-the-art laboratories, which bring together knowledge and test facilities in the areas of eff ...

    22 February 2016

  18. New service for reporting aviation safety occurrences

    16 Jun 2016 A new online service allows organisations and individuals to report aviation safety occurrences to aviation authorities. Developed by the JRC at the request of the Directorate-General for Mobility and Transport, and in collaboration with aviat ...

    16 June 2016

  19. 4th International Workshop on Hydrogen Infrastructure & Transportation

    24 May 2016 to 26 May 2016 This workshop, organised by the European Commission, the US DoE (USA), NOW (Germany) and NEDO (Japan), aims at generating an exchange of international experience and knowledge in order to discuss current challenges and to develo ...

    11 May 2016

  20. Inauguration of the European Interoperability Centre for Electric Vehicles and Smart Grids

    28 Oct 2015 to 29 Oct 2015 The inauguration of the European Interoperability Centre for Electric Vehicles and Smart Grids will be held in conjunction with the International Symposium "Towards a Transatlantic E-Mobility Market"on 28th – 29th Octo ...

    21 August 2015

  21. MELISSA laboratory

    MELISSA The MELISSA laboratory is a state-of-the art experimental facility for developing innovative surveillance applications in the maritime domain. MELISSA stands for Mimo Enhanced LInear Short Synthetic Aperture radar. Its focus is on new ways of usin ...

    21 October 2015

  22. Clean energy and energy efficiency- JRC and the US Department of Energy step up scientific cooperation

    03 Jun 2016 On 2 nd June, during the 7 th Clean Energy Ministerial meeting in San Francisco, the European Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC) and the US Department of Energy (DoE) signed a collaboration arrangement focused on scientific cooperat ...

    03 June 2016

  23. The impact of SO2 deposition from wash water on North Sea pH

    A numerical modelling system consisting of a coupled hydro-dynamical model and a bio-geochemical model able to simulate the influence of ship-borne SO2 fluxes on the water properties has been established. The system has been set-up for the North Sea and a ...

    24 July 2016

  24. Putting Science into Standards Workshop: Driving Towards Decarbonisation of Transport

    22 Sep 2016 to 23 Sep 2016 Within the context of the European Forum on Science and Industry, the JRC together with the European Committee for Standardization (CEN), the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization (CENELEC), and the European Co ...

    26 April 2016

  25. European Aviation Environmental Report 2016

    It is recognised that Europe’s aviation sector brings significant economic and social benefits. However its activities also contribute to climate change, noise and local air quality impacts, and consequently affect the health and quality of life of Europe ...

    20 July 2016