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  1. Forest adaptation to climate change

    Even if emissions are stabilised relatively soon, climate change and its effects will last many years, and adaptation will be necessary. The need for an Adaptation Clearinghouse was identified in the Commission’s 2009 White Paper “ Adapting to climate cha ...

    01 September 2015

  2. First European Atlas of Forest Tree Species launched today

    21 Mar 2016 The JRC celebrates the International Day of Forests by launching the first ever European Atlas of Forest Tree Species. A result of the collaborative efforts of leading scientists and forestry professionals, this publication provides informatio ...

    21 March 2016

  3. Resilience of large investments and critical infrastructures in Europe to climate change

    Climate hazard damages to critical infrastructures in Europe will inflate as a result of global warming, with an uneven territorial distribution of future impacts and adaptation needs. This calls for (i) an EU commitment on continuing to support adaptatio ...

    09 June 2016

  4. Increasing flood risk under climate change: a pan-European assessment of the benefits of four adaptation strategies

    Future flood risk in Europe is likely to increase due to a combination of climatic and socio-economic drivers. Effective adaptation strategies need to be implemented to limit the impact of river flooding on population and assets. This research builds upon ...

    03 June 2016

  5. Urban food consumption and associated water resources: The example of Dutch cities

    Full self-sufficiency in cities is a major concern. Cities import resources for food, water and energy security. They are however key to global sustainability, as they concentrate a rapidly increasing and urbanising population (or number of consumers). In ...

    27 May 2016

  6. Mapping global patterns of drought risk: an empirical framework based on sub-national estimates of hazard, exposure and vulnerability

    A global map of drought risk has been elaborated at the sub-national administrative level. The motivation for this study is the observation that little research and no concerted efforts have been made at the global level to provide a consistent and equita ...

    23 May 2016

  7. Forest losses increase local temperatures

    05 Feb 2016 An article by JRC scientists published today in Science, reveals that the biophysical effects of forest losses substantially affect the local climate by altering the average temperature and even more the maximum summer temperatures and the diu ...

    05 February 2016

  8. Frequency analysis of critical meteorological conditions in a changing climate- Assessing future implications for railway transportation in Austria

    Meteorological extreme events have great potential for damaging railway infrastructure and posing risk to the safety of train passengers. In the future, climate change will presumably have serious implications on meteorological hazards in the Alpine regio ...

    30 April 2016

  9. United Nations Climate Change Conference

    01 Dec 2014 to 12 Dec 2014 The 20th annual session of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the 10th session of the Meeting of the Parties (CMP) to the 1997 Kyoto Protocol (the p ...

    12 December 2014

  10. Tundra study uncovers impact of climate warming in the Arctic

    07 Jul 2015 The JRC has contributed to the biggest study to date of tundra shrub growth. The international study, published on 6 July in Nature Climate Change, provides strong evidence that dramatic changes in the Arctic are being driven by climate warmin ...

    07 July 2015

  11. Science supporting climate change negotiations

    07 Jul 2015 On 7 July, the international scientific conference " Our Common Future under Climate Change "- the largest scientific forum ahead of the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 21) to the United Nations Framework Conventio ...

    07 July 2015

  12. Does the water footprint concept provide relevant information to address the water–food–energy–ecosystem nexus?

    This paper is a perspective paper, which investigates whether the water footprint (WF) concept addresses the water–food–energy–ecosystem nexus. First, the nexus links between (1) the planetary boundary freshwater resources (green and blue water resources) ...

    04 March 2016

  13. The Mediterranean City 2014

    10 Jun 2014 to 11 Jun 2014 The international  Mediterranean City 2014 Conference is a Greek EU Presidency 2014 event under the auspices of the General Secretariat for Research & Technology (GSRT). It is organised by the European Commission, the Eurisy ...

    07 May 2014

  14. The role of social inequalities for the vulnerability to climate related extreme weather events

    This report analyses the differential impact of extreme weather events in the presence of social inequalities. It hypothesizes that social inequalities affect vulnerability and resilience through its impact on the capacity to cope and empirically analyses ...

    24 January 2016

  15. UN forest day: climate-resilient future needs sustainably managed forests

    21 Mar 2015 The International Day of Forests, celebrated annually on 21 March, was designed by the United Nations (UN) to raise awareness about the importance of forests. With its research and tools, JRC supports EU policies on the preservation of forests ...

    21 March 2015

  16. ADO: a prototype of African Drought Observatory for drought monitoring and forecasting

    The African Drought Observatory (ADO) has been developed based on the experience of the European Drought Observatory (EDO) and on several tested drought products. The Map Viewer makes available drought-relevant information provided as maps of drought indi ...

    20 January 2016

  17. Resilience of large investments and critical infrastructures in Europe to climate change

    This technical report describes the key findings, methodological aspects and underlying assumptions and limitations of the research activities undertaken by the JRC in the CCMFF project financed by DG CLIMA. The project provides the first comprehensive mu ...

    08 May 2016

  18. Science for climate action

    This leaflet provides an overview of the work of the Joint Research Centre, the European Commission’s in-house science service, in the area of climate action. jrc-2015-science-for-climate-action_en.pdf 2015 Brochures / Leaflets IES IET IPTS Environment an ...

    24 November 2015

  19. A global index to monitor climate-resilient development

    03 Jul 2014 A recently published JRC report makes recommendations on the creation of a global index to monitor the progress of climate-resilient development policies. The index should include metrics on extreme climate events, climate vulnerability and ad ...

    03 July 2014

  20. Index for the EU global climate change alliance plus flagship Initiative

    This report proposes an index to allow an ex-ante evaluation of the structural features of vulnerability to climate change for the countries identified by the Global Climate Change Alliance plus Flagship Initiative (GCCA+). It is clear from the overarchin ...

    05 November 2015

  21. Consumer engagement in the future electricity system

    29 Oct 2013 How involved are consumers in the future electricity system? What do they know about 'smart grids', electricity networks where electric power and communication not only flows from supplier to consumer, but also the other way round? T ...

    29 October 2013

  22. Climate change impact and potential adaptation strategies under alternate realizations of climate scenarios for three major crops in Europe

    This study presents estimate of the effects of climate variables and CO2 on three major crops namely wheat, rapeseed, and sunflower in EU27 Member States. We also investigated some technical adaptation options which could offset climate change impacts. Th ...

    13 August 2015

  23. Assessing the carbon sink of afforestation with the Carbon Budget Model at the country level: an example for Italy

    In the context of the Kyoto Protocol, the mandatory accounting of Afforestation and Reforestation (AR) activities requires estimating the forest carbon (C) stock changes for any direct human-induced expansion of forest since 1990. We used the Carbon Budge ...

    14 August 2015

  24. Application of the Singular Spectrum Analysis Technique to Study the Recent Hiatus on the Global Surface Temperature Record

    Global mean surface temperature has been increasing since the beginning of the 20th century but with a highly variable warming rate, and the alternation of rapid warming periods with ‘hiatus’ decades is a constant throughout the series. The superimpositio ...

    26 September 2014

  25. Forest Fires and Adaptation Options in Europe

    This paper presents a quantitative assessment of adaptation options in the context of forest fires in Europe under projected climate change. A standalone fire model (SFM) based on a state-of-the-art large-scale forest fire modelling algorithm is used to e ...

    28 January 2016