We are doing science for policy
The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commission's science and knowledge service which employs scientists to carry out research in order to provide independent scientific advice and support to EU policy.
The Global Report on Food Crises, presented on 22 March 2018 in Rome, indicates that major risks of famine were averted in 2017 in the four countries that were declared at risk in early 2017: Yemen, Somalia, South Sudan and North Nigeria.
However, it also highlights the severity and the complexity of food crises around the world.
On 21 March 2018, the Commission presented its proposal establishing rules at EU level to ensure the fair and effective taxation of the digital economy.
JRC scientists have supported the package by providing data and estimates on corporate profit allocation of Web companies and by analysing the macroeconomic impact of the proposal.
The JRC has recently published a Science-for-Policy report that quantitatively assesses biomass production, supply, uses and flows in the European Union (EU), and outlines a methodological framework to assess the environmental impacts of biomass supply chains.
Biomass is organic material that comes from plants and animals. It is the basis of the bioeconomy, which "comprises those parts of the economy that use renewable biological resources from land and sea – such as crops, forests, fish, animals and micro-organisms – to produce food, materials and energy"*.
According to the March issue of the JRC MARS Crop monitoring Bulletin, which was published yesterday, weather conditions have generally been adequate for the wintering and early establishment of winter cereals, despite the unusual weather conditions experienced in large parts of Europe.
The recently published fifth MAES (Mapping and Assessment of Ecosystems and their Services) report provides guidance to the EU and its Member States on how to assess the condition (or the state) of Europe's ecosystems.
The report integrates several recognised indicator frameworks to give the first ever comprehensive and consistent list of ecosystem indicators across terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecosystems.
The JRC released two new Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) for automotive diesel fuel containing 7 % biodiesel, so-called 'diesel (B7)'. These CRMs will support fuel producers and fuel testing laboratories in assuring the quality of their measurements, thus improving trust in the regulatory compliance of this product on the market.