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  1. Earthquakes and tsunamis

    Earthquakes are the natural hazard that generates the largest number of human casualties in the modern society.  Likewise, it is estimated that they are responsible for about 35% of the economic losses generated by natural disasters. Tsunamis are among th ...

    05 May 2014

  2. A Comprehensive Analysis of Building Damage in the January 12, 2010 M w 7 Haiti Earthquake using High-Resolution Satellite and Aerial Imagery

    The paper provides an account of how three key relief organizations worked together after the devastating Haiti earthquake to produce the first damage assessment based mainly on the use of remotely-sensed imagery. This assessment was jointly conducted by ...

    30 April 2014

  3. The value of rapid damage assessment for efficient earthquake response

    Every year earthquake scause sustantial economic losses and loss of life in many parts of the world. MOLTCHANOVA Elena, KHABAROV Nikolay, OBERSTEINER Michael, MOULA Micheline, EHRLICH Daniele 2011 Articles in Journals Institute for the Protection and Secu ...

    30 April 2014

  4. Haiti Earthquake of 12 January 2010: Field Damage Assessment, Data Collection and Analysis

    Following the magnitude 7.0 earthquake in Haiti on 12 January 2010 an atlas presenting an overview of building damages in Haiti was produced from a detailed, building by building assessment based on the comparison of pre-earthquake satellite images and po ...

    30 April 2014

  5. Relationship between the spatial distribution of SMS messages reporting needs and building damage in 2010 Haiti disaster

    Just 4 days after the M7.1 earthquake on 12 January 2010, Haitians could send SMS messages about their location and urgent needs through the on-line mapping platform Ushahidi. This real-time crowd-sourcing of crisis information provided direct support to ...

    30 April 2014

  6. Use of moment independent importance measures in the framework of seismic fragility analysis

    In the nuclear industry, the seismic probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) has become the most commonly used methodology for evaluating the seismic risk of nuclear plants. In this framework, fragility curves express the conditional probability of failure of ...

    30 April 2014

  7. Rapid Natech Risk Assessment and Mapping Tool for Earthquakes: RAPID-N

    Natural-hazard triggered accidents at industrial facilities (natechs) are recognized as an emerging risk with possibly serious consequences. Risk maps are helpful to identify natech hot spots. However, recent surveys showed that hardly any natech risk map ...

    30 April 2014

  8. Seismic Performance of Mechanical Connections in the SAFECAST Precast Building

    A full-scale three-storey precast building was tested under seismic conditions at the ELSA Laboratory in the framework of the SAFECAST project. The unique research opportunity of testing a complete structural system was exploited to the maximum extent by ...

    30 April 2014

  9. Third Generation Tsunami scenario matrix for the Portuguese Tsunami Early Warning System

    In Portugal, the Instituto de Meteorologia (IM) is the institution responsible for the Portuguese seismic network and it is the candidate to host the Portuguese Tsunami Warning System. One critical component of the system is the scenario database and the ...

    30 April 2014

  10. Stability and accuracy in a hybrid test example

    This paper presents an example of the application of error monitoring techniques to the results of a pseudodynamic test performed at variable testing speeds. For the faster testing speeds, the control errors increased and the test reliability was lost in ...

    30 April 2014

  11. Error study of a hybrid testing system of structures through a state-space model

    Experimental methods such as hybrid or pseudo-dynamic tests are always subjected to experimental errors which effect on the obtained response is important to assess. An analytical linear model formulated on state-space equations has been developed for a m ...

    30 April 2014

  12. On the importance of uncertain factors in seismic fragility assessment

    This paper addresses the definition of importance measures for helping the modeller to detect the factors on which to focus modelling activity and data collection in seismic fragility analysis. We study sensitivity measures consistent with the decision-su ...

    30 April 2014

  13. Extracting building stock information from optical satellite imagery for mapping earthquake exposure and its vulnerability

    The paper focuses on automatic extraction building stock information for quantifying physical exposure and its vulnerability from High and Very High Resolution (VHR) optical satellite imagery. We use two case studies. In Sana?a (Yemen) we use automatic te ...

    30 April 2014

  14. Systemic seismic vulnerability assessment software user's manual. SYNER-G Reference Report 7

    This report should work as a first guideline for using the EQvis? Platform. It shows the user the most used features of the package and guides the user through a tutorial which explains many of the features in EQvis. This document can only serve as a star ...

    30 April 2014

  15. Systemic seismic vulnerability and loss assessment: Validation studies. SYNER-G Reference Report 6

    The SYNER-G project aims at developing a methodology to evaluate the seismic vulnerability to earthquakes of a complex system of interconnected infrastructural systems of regional/urban extension. This report summarizes the application of the SYNER-G meth ...

    30 April 2014

  16. The Emilia earthquakes: Report and analysis on the behavior of precast industrial buildings from a field mission

    A series of earthquakes, the highest of magnitude Mw 5.9, hit a portion of the Po Valley in Northern Italy, which was only recently classified as seismic. The paper reports the findings and the lessons learnt from a preliminary field survey which was cond ...

    30 April 2014

  17. Development of inventory datasets through remote sensing and direct observation data for earthquake loss estimation

    This report summarizes the lessons learnt in extracting exposure information for the three study sites, Thessaloniki, Vienna and Messina that were addressed in SYNER-G. Fine scale information on exposed elements that for SYNER-G include buildings, civil e ...

    30 April 2014

  18. Procedure for load cell calibration at ELSA Reaction Wall

    This report describes the procedure currently applied for the calibration of the load cells used for the mechanical experiments in the ELSA laboratory. The procedure is based on the international norm ISO 7500-1 and the definitions there proposed. The cal ...

    30 April 2014

  19. Impact of the 11 March 2011, Great East Japan earthquake and tsunami on the chemical industry

    The Great East Japan earthquake and tsunami damaged or destroyed many industrial facilities housing or processing hazardous substances, such as refineries, petrochemical facilities and other types of chemical industry. This showed that also generally well ...

    30 April 2014

  20. Performance evaluation of retrofitting strategies for non-seismically designed RC buildings using steel braces

    Recent major earthquakes around the world have evidenced that research in earthquake engineering must be directed to the vulnerability assessment of existing constructions lacking appropriate seismic resisting characteristics. Their retrofit or replacemen ...

    30 April 2014

  21. Empirical fragility functions based on remote sensing and field data after the 12 January 2010 Haiti Earthquake

    In the immediate aftermath of the Haiti earthquake of 12 January 2010, a joint work for the estimation of damages to the building stock based on aerial images was carried out by UNITAR-UNOSAT, the EC-JRC and the World Bank/ImageCAT in support of the PDNA. ...

    30 April 2014

  22. European Strategic Research Agenda on Earthquake Risk: Vision and Roadmap for implementation. SYNER-G Exploitation Plan

    The present deliverable contains the Exploitation Plan of the project, which is represented by the European Strategic Research Agenda on Earthquake Risk: Vision and a Strategic Research Agenda, a roadmap for implementation. TAUCER Fabio, WENZEL Helmut, PI ...

    30 April 2014

  23. Science for Disaster Risk Reduction

    The purpose of this report is to provide a comprehensive overview of the JRC activities in relation to disaster risk reduction and response. The report showcases the tools and methodologies developed by the JRC to help in all phases of disaster management ...

    18 December 2014

  24. Design Guidelines for Connections of Precast Structures under Seismic Actions

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report, integrating the Work-Package WP6, “Derivation of design rules” of the project SAFECAST (Performance of Innovative Mechanical Connections in Precast Building Structures under Seismic Conditions).     This docum ...

    30 April 2014

  25. Mission to the Area Affected by the Earthquakes in the Pianura Emiliana-Padana of May-June 2012- Brief Note

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report describing the effects of the earthquakes mainly for what concerns prefabricated reinforced concrete industrial buildings, recognizing the important effect that the Pianura Padana-Emiliana earthquakes (May-June ...

    30 April 2014